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E-Cigarettes May Contain More Carcinogens Than Cigarettes

A new study finds that that e-cigarettes contain more cancer-causing agents than traditional cigarettes. One brand tested contained as much as 10 times more.

The carcinogens include chemicals such as formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, found in several forms of e-cigarette liquid.

The study, commissioned by Japan’s Health Ministry, is the latest blow to the fast-growing industry that markets itself as a safer alternative to satisfying nicotine cravings, by using vaporized liquids instead of smoke.

Still, e-cigarettes are relatively new and the research conducted thus far is minimal and often contradictory, with other studies showing positive effects.

Thomas J. Glynn, former director of cancer science and trends at the American Cancer Society, spoke with Here & Now’s Robin Young about where the latest study stands in the debate over e-cigarettes.


S Korea warns of heavy fines for cigarette hoarders after price hike

The South Korean government has warned of heavy fines for those who hoard cigarettes following its decision to hike tobacco prices. Seoul on Thursday (Sep 11) proposed a steep 80 per cent hike in cigarette prices to cut consumption in a nation with one of the world’s highest male smoking rates and some of the cheapest cigarettes in the world.

From early this week, sales of cigarettes have been on the rise as smokers waited for the government to announce plans for the hike in cigarette prices. Once the plan was announced, many started to stock up.

“We have sold about three to four more times (the number of cigarettes) than on average days. I guess psychologically when they heard it could rise, they thought it could rise from tomorrow. Maybe that’s why they are buying in cartons. Some said they will buy this for the last time and quit before the rise,” said convenience store owner Yang Byung-il.

Currently a packet of cigarettes costs about 2,500 won (US$2.40), but after the rise, it will cost 4,500 won (US$4.30). This would be the first price increase in 10 years, and the heftiest ever.

The proposal first needs to be approved by parliament, and if it passes, it goes into effect in January next year. But an approval is not guaranteed – the main opposition party said it would only empty the pockets of those in the low-income bracket.

The government predicts the increase would help cut cigarette consumption by 34 per cent, and analysts in favour of the rise say this will help tackle smoking among teenagers. “What is very important here is that it can help prevent smoking among youth in the early stages. Many studies show that if the price of cigarettes increase, then smokers in the low income bracket, who have one of the highest smoke rate, can see a drop,” said Choi Eun-jin, an analyst at the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.

Just under half of adult males in South Korea smoke, compared to an average of 25.4 per cent in the 34 countries that are members of the OECD – thus the price hike was proposed to counter what has become the biggest threat to national health.

Those who hoard cigarettes from now on can be fined up to 50 million won (US$48,000). Apart from the price hike, the government has suggested banning cigarette advertisements in convenience stores and making graphic warning labels on the cigarette packs mandatory.

By Korea Bureau Chief Lim Yun Suk

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Smoking Stars

Smoking Stars

Hollywood may be all about looks, but these stars sure don’t seem to care about the aging effects of cigarettes. Celebs like Britney Spears, Paris Hilton, and Katherine Heigl loooveeee to light up their Parliaments, Marlboros and Camel Lights.

Smoking Stars

Why People Smoke?

Most people start smoking when they are in their teens and are addicted by the time they reach adulthood. Three of the main reasons that young people smoke are to look mature, to be like their friends, and to experiment. Since teens see older people all around them smoking, especially their parents and relatives, they smoke to act older. If their friends or peers smoke, they may feel pressured into doing the same to be accepted. The last reason is the excitement of experimenting with something that is forbidden.

Adults smoke for other reasons. They may have a lot of stress and pressures because of economic and personal problems. They may be unemployed or working but not making enough money to take care of themselves and their families. They may be homeless, or they may be dealing with alcohol or cocaine/heroin addictions. Some may be in bad marriages or relationships in which there is physical and/or verbal abuse. All these people may smoke to feel relaxed or to give them energy while going through a hard time.

Finally, there are people who say they love to smoke. Smoking gives them pleasure. It just makes them feel good.

Why do adults start smoking?

The risk of becoming a smoker among young people who have never smoked is high: 14% of smokers will be between the ages of 16 and 24, and the three factors to predict this behavior.

images (1)“The beginning of smoking is also occurring among young people, and particularly among those who are impulsive, have poor grades , or who drink alcohol regularly ,” says Jennifer O’Loughlin , a professor of the University of Montreal School of Public Health (ESPUM) and author izzhurnala health adolescents are published in August. O’Loughlin says smoking prevention campaigns should also target young people between the ages of 16 and 24.

A recent phenomenon

Since smoking is reduced markedly in the past three decades, researchers have presented several studies that the tobacco industry is increasing its efforts to reach out to young people.

In the United States, there is a 60 % increase in the number of young people who start smoking after high school.

This trend has prompted O’Loughlin and her team at ESPUM identifies predictors of young people start smoking, which can lead to opportunities for prevention.

They analyzed data from a cohort study «NdIt” (nicotine dependence in adolescents), which began in 1999 in the Greater Montreal Area, in which nearly 1,300 young people aged 12-15 years participated.

In this cohort, fully 75 % had tried smoking. Of these young people, 40 % started smoking before high school, 44 % started smoking during high school, and 17 % started after high school.

Not everyone, however, continued to smoke, but among the “late” smokers, the researchers found that smoking is associated with the beginning of three risk factors: high levels of impulsivity, poor school performance, and higher alcohol consumption.

Explaining the three risk factors

Some smokers showed greater impulsivity end compared to other participants in the study. According to O’Loughlin, it is possible that impulsivity more freely expressed when one becomes an adult, because the parents are no longer there to control. “We can say that the parents of children impulsive exercise more control when they are living with them at home to protect their children from the adoption of behaviors that may lead to smoking, and this protection may wane over time,” she explains.

In addition, school difficulties increase the risk of becoming a smoker, because they are associated with dropping out of school and looking for work in workplaces where smoking rates are higher.

Finally, as young people are likely to frequent places where they can drink alcohol, they are more likely to be influenced by smoking, or at least more easily tempted. “Since alcohol lowers inhibitions and self-control, it is an important risk factor for smoking initiation,” warns O’Loughlin.

On targeted prevention campaigns

Smoking prevention campaigns usually target teens because studies show that people usually start smoking at the age of 14 or 15. This phenomenon is well known, and many prevention programs targeted at adolescents.

“Our research shows that it is also important to address prevention among young people, especially because the tobacco companies’ advertising campaigns of this particular group,” said O’Loughlin.

“This is especially important because, if we can prevent the onset of smoking among young people, the probability that they would never smokers is high, ” she says.

Mother’s fear of bright tobacco packs”

In a survey of more than 2,000 women for Cancer Research UK, found 8 of the 10 thought bright packaging was attractive to young people while 85% said that children should not be exposed to any tobacco marketing in general. The Government has established plans to introduce plain packaging on hold, saying he wanted to gather more evidence first. A decision has been delayed so more time can be spent on the study of how such a scheme has worked in Australia.

19may-smoking_2562573bHealth Minister Anna Soubry said in July that she “never give in to pressure.” Labour accused the Government of “caving in to big business.” Under the plans, all tobacco packages would be the same color and would carry prominent, graphic warnings about the dangers of smoking.

The examination of the mother and grandmother of children less than 18 years found 92% would be worried about their children when they are addicted to smoking under age.

Cancer Research UK runs a campaign to remove all the “stylish and attractive” branding from the packaging and increase the number of picture warnings about the health effects of smoking. More than 200,000 children start smoking every year, with more girls smoke regularly than boys, figures show.

Alison Cox, Cancer Research UK’s director of tobacco control, said: “Smoking causes more than 8 out of 10 cases of lung cancer, and more than 100,000 tobacco-related deaths each year. We also know that starting smoking at a young age greatly increases the risk of lung cancer, so most mothers and grandmothers believed that no child shall be subjected to exposure to advertising of tobacco products.

“We are urging the Government to introduce a simple, standardized packaging of tobacco, which, as well as being a popular movement, would show that the government cares more about the health of future generations than the profits the tobacco industry. We would like to see the government to protect children from the temptation of sophisticated marketing of tobacco industry and introduce a simple, standardized packaging as a way to reduce the number of young people who start smoking. “

Simon Clark, director of the smokers’ lobby group Forest, said: “There is no credible evidence that children start smoking because of the cigarette packaging. Teenagers are influenced primarily by their peers and family members. The introduction of plain packaging can be the source of the black market and it would have been much worse for children because the gangs do not care who they sell to.

“The government has rightly decided to wait until there is no conclusive evidence that supports plain packaging. To his credit, he also took into account the views of hundreds of thousands of people who responded to the public consultation on standardized packaging. Vast majority was against the policy, and not without reason. “

Martin Dockrell, director of policy and research at Action on Smoking and Health, said: “Mothers and grandmothers clearly want to protect children from tobacco industry: Since the advertising ban on smoking among children doubled removal promotional items from tobacco packaging that will help finish the job and further reduce take-up of smoking by children. “

Australian law challenged under trade agreements

In one, Philip Morris Asia Australia accused of violating the 1993 bilateral trade agreement between Hong Kong and Australia. Such agreements, known as investor-state contracts allow foreign investors to bring themselves to arbitration for damages against a country.

images (1)The case is pending arbitration of the UN Commission on International Trade Law.

In the other, Ukraine, Honduras and the Dominican Republic at the beginning of this year have brought their problems facing the World Trade Organization.

The complaint in March in Ukraine was a striking paradox. His Department of Commerce filed a challenge within hours of the President of Ukraine’s president signing a ban on tobacco advertising, and its parliament voting to ban smoking in public places – revolutionary approaches in chain smoking Eastern Europe. Trade officials have accepted; in spite of the actions of Ukraine do not have tobacco exports to Australia, and therefore no obvious interest in its anti-smoking policies.

“We are pleased to support countries that, like us, feel plain packaging could have a negative impact on trade,” said British American spokesman Jem Maidment.

It is not uncommon in trade disputes for corporations to give legal assistance to governments with mutual interested. In this case, however, the three countries appear to have little, if any, are directly interested in Australian politics Tobacco Control.

While tobacco exports from Ukraine to Australia, there are no exports from Honduras and the Dominican Republic in the last three years, an average of $ 65,000 (U.S.) and $ 807,000, respectively, according to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

In response to a request in April, Ukrainian journalists in the country, the country’s Ministry of Economic Development and Trade said it was a “policy of support for Ukrainian producers and protect their interests in the domestic and foreign markets.” In this case, the ministry said it had “received concerns” about the law of Australia from the Ukrainian Association of Tobacco Growers, consisting of the top multinational tobacco, and from the Union of wholesalers and manufacturers of alcohol and tobacco Association.

Constantine Krasovksy, formal tobacco control official in Ukraine’s Ministry of Health, told FairWarning country allowed them to be used. “Honduras, Dominican Republic and Ukraine have agreed to be a prostitute,” he said.

Honduran officials, with the April release of the press, the Act” Australia” contrary to its trade obligations. He noted that the tobacco industry “employs hundreds of thousands of people, directly or indirectly through the supply chain in Honduras.”

The Dominican Republic, a major exporter of cigars, also said the plain packaging “will have a significant impact on our economy.” In a written statement FairWarning, Katrina Naut, Director General for foreign trade with the country’s Ministry of Industry and Commerce, said that if other countries join Australia for the adoption of plain packaging, it will lead to a drop in the price of branded tobacco products and “an increase – rather than decrease -.

Tobacco taxes: myths against facts

We were desperate and disappointed to read the views expressed in an editorial on July 7. We would like to provide and led your readers with select and accurate information based on facts.

The following items are about some myths presented by Mr. Peterson:

  1. imagesMyth: The new tobacco tax will help pay for the Vikings stadium.
  2. Fact: The revenue from tobacco taxes will go into the general fund. Part of the money from the one-time tax on cigarettes in stores inventory will go to the stadium.
  3. Myth: Raising the tobacco tax is unfair to smokers.
  4. Fact: The cost of treating tobacco-related diseases is much higher than the amount of tobacco tax collected by smokers. Every man, woman and child in Minnesota pays $ 560 in excess health care costs due to smoking if they smoke or not.
  5. Myth: smokers do not go away, even if the price increases.
  6. Fact: Studies show that the $ 1.70 for a pack tax increase will help more than 36,650 smokers quit Minnesota. In our state, we are fortunate that all smokers have access to free services through the termination QUITPLAN. In addition, low-income smokers suffer from the effects of smoking on health, and 75% are more sensitive to price increases.
  7. Myth: Tobacco tax revenue is not reliable.
  8. Fact: Each state is greatly increased tax on tobacco has seen an increase in state revenue and health benefits residents.
  9. Myth: The new tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products is estimated to generate about $ 500 million over the next two years and will save our state more than $ 1.75 billion in long-term health care costs.
  10. Myth: A tax increase on tobacco will make people abroad.
  11. Fact: In most places, the price difference is not significant enough to cause people to cross the border to buy cigarettes. Some may overlap at times, but the number of people who make it statistically very low. Most smokers will continue to buy their cigarettes in Minnesota.

Studies have consistently shown that increasing the price of tobacco is one of the most effective ways to help smokers quit and prevent children from starting to smoke.

Saving lives and our children from Minnesota addiction life is “fair”, and a great idea in our book.

Bethel city rakes in revenue from a new tobacco tax

A new tobacco excise tax in the Southwest Alaska hub of Bethel brought the city more than $ 25,000 during the month of March; the first month of the tax was enacted. City finance officials say they do not have the numbers for April yet, but they could go even higher.

images (2)The new $ 2.21 per pack tax on cigarettes, along with a 45% tax on all other tobacco products, including chewing tobacco, was adopted by the Bethel City Council in December 2012. But with an elections looming, city officials have yet to decide what to do with the money.

“The city council will decide in the near future,” said Bethel City Manager Lee Foley. “At this point, we just collect and save money, but no matter decided, I’m excise tax money will be spent on the public good,” he said.

Bethel is a small town by most standards, with a population of about 6000, but it has a big tobacco habit. Like much of rural Alaska, it has a smoking area for adults and children, which is higher than the average across the state. Management of Alaska Tobacco Alliance says one in three adults in Southwest Alaska smokes. This compares to the state average, about one in five.

Youth smoking is also higher in the south-western Alaska than in the rest of the state Smokeless tobacco is also quite high in the region, it is estimated that 23 percent of adults “chewing”. That dwarfs the state average rate of use of 5.3 %. As a rule, all rates of tobacco use is higher among Alaska Natives than non-Natives.

The high prevalence of tobacco use among Bethel-area residents was one reason for the new excise tax was proposed. It was introduced by Bethel City Council member Eric Whitney. “I wanted to raise awareness about tobacco use, and find a way to reduce it through Bethel,” said Whitney. “Every time you go out on the street, whether it’s from a hospital, a school or a store, you will encounter a large cloud of cigarette smoke.”

The Bethel tobacco tax was discussed at the meetings of the City Council last fall, when a pack of cigarettes costs about $ 8.50, less than if you buy in big cities like Anchorage and Fairbanks. Now the package to Bethel costs more than $ 10.

The new tax is on the way to supply the city about $ 300,000 a year – potentially making it one of the main sources of municipal revenue – but the number could change if additional charges convince some smokers and chewers Bethel quit.

Until now, that does not seem so.

“I’m surprised at the amount of money it brings, so it does not appear that there was, nevertheless,” Foley said.

There are no immediate plans to Bethel City Council to decide what to do with a tax windfall. By law, it must, at some point go into the general stream of income communities, and from there, it can be distributed to city departments. Some ideas have been floated for money: funding for tobacco prevention and education, or to increase the organized outdoor activities for children of Bethel. But the unexpected is on standby at the moment.

One of the potential causes of the money has not yet been allocated: the fear that the source of income cannot be long enough to count. Four of the seven seats on the city council will be up for grabs in the October municipal elections Bethel, and the tax on tobacco could become a serious issue for voters.

“I’ve heard a lot of talk about how people say that they are going to run for the board, so that they can cancel the tax,” said Mark Springer, who was one of the two no votes on taxes. Springer, who does not use tobacco itself, said that he opposed the tax because “the city has no business getting into the health and well-being of the business.”

Even a supporter of the tax on the Board recognizes that this will be the main topic of discussion when the elections begin.

“The members may cancel it at any time, and the Council are very reluctant to provide funding for tobacco products now because we are afraid it may not be around after the election,” said Bethel City Council member Mary Sattler, who supports the tax.

There were also threats to citizens’ initiative to abolish taxes and lawsuits. “And there are more than a few potential candidates for city council, who say that they will work with the idea of abolition of the tax in the main part of his campaign.” Sattler said.

It is still too early to say whether the tobacco tax will reduce smoking rates in Bethel. The numbers provided by Alaska Tobacco Control Alliance claim that for every 10% increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes, adult smoking rates decline by 5% – and reduce the rate of child smoking to 7%.

Whether those reductions occur in Bethel remains to be seen, but one thing is certain: the full impact of the tobacco excise tax remains clouded.

Cigarette makers offer now part of Presidential Ordinance

The cigarette manufacturers have managed to introduce the proposal of their choice in the Decree on the revision of the Federal Excise Duty (FED) panels on cigarettes. Sources told Business Recorder on Tuesday that cigarette production units managed to get his proposal approved in the Finance Ordinance.

Cigarettes_by_milktoday-300x200This will allow them to raise prices and increase their own profits without adding any significant revenue to the government. The original proposal of the Federal Board of revenue (FBR) dully approved by the Ministry of Finance were not part of the Ordinance. It is not yet clear how their brand new offer the cigarette industry was made a part of changes to tax legislation through the Finance Ordinance.

As a result, of the FBR’s proposal, the rate of excise duty will be correspondingly increased with the increase in the cigarettes price. This would increase the FED collection of explanation. Fed rate gradually move up to the correspondent increase in the retail price of cigarettes. On the other hand, as new bid cigarette makers, cigarette FED speed has been fixed. If the price of cigarettes will increase or decrease the speed of the Fed does not reverse due to fixation of excise duty. Fixed rates the Fed suggested manufacturers were included in the Presidential Decree.

The draft of the Presidential Ordinance on taxation measures which will be released showed amend in the First Schedule of the Federal Excise Act, 2005 to revise FED panels on cigarettes. Under the revised structure presented FED produces cigarettes in FBR, FED rate is Rs 2,325 per thousand cigarettes locally produced cigarettes where, if printed on the packaging of the retail price exceeds Rs 2,286 per thousand cigarettes. The rate of FED will be Rs 880 per thousand cigarettes local production, where cigarettes if they are printed on the packaging of the retail price does not exceed Rs 2,286 per thousand cigarettes, the draft of the Presidential Ordinance said.

The said revised FED slabs on cigarettes were stupidly included in the decree of Finance, which will be released for the implementation of the new taxation measures. In contrast, FBR has received approval from the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Reserve completely different structure on cigarettes. The approved proposal has estimated 12 billion rupees from cigarette production. In accordance with the proposal FBR, first proposed under the plate, if the retail price exceeds Rs 50 per 20 cigarettes, the Fed’s rate will be 65 percent off the retail price. The second proposed plate shows that if the retail price is 50 rupees per 20 cigarettes, the Fed’s rate will be 25 per cent stick plus 50 percent of the retail price. There are three plates have been proposed to be replaced by two plates FED cigarette. The existing upper tier plate, intermediate plate and the bottom tier boards were merged into two simple slabs Fed.

Sources said that the FBR had proposed a very simple federal excise tax (FED) structure of levying duty on cigarettes. This proposal was approved by the Ministry of Financefor the revision of FED lsabs on cigarettes. However, the new proposal was recently floated by the cigarette production, which was included in the Presidential Ordinance. The new sentence was added to the Financial Regulation, for unknown reasons, as in the original proposal FBR estimated to collect Rs 12 billion from the cigarette industry. The new proposal also industry about 12 billion rupees from the revised slabs but experts were of the view that the income can be much less, according to the cigarette manufacturers. The two proposals are quite different. FBR’s proposal merged the upper tier of the plate; intermediate plate and the lower level of the plate have been combined into two simple slabs Fed. While the new proposal cigarette manufacturers to replace existing serial number nine and ten of the First Schedule of the Federal Excise Act, 2005. Last plate number 11, the Fed was proposed to be canceled cigarette manufactures. The method of revision FED on cigarettes is also very different when comparing the two proposals, they added.

Big Tobacco accused in a new smoke screen

Tobacco companies have been struck down for the second time for their failure to comply with the new plain packaging rules for a few days before the entry into force of the law.

Health Minister Tatyana Plibersek requires two industry giants – Imperial Tobacco and British American Tobacco (BAT) – surrounded remove watermarks from their cigarette papers, which appear to make it look more sophisticated.

The new rules require regular paper.

And she also said BAT, to stop inserting the obvious links tourist destination in the party coding on their cigarettes.

Coding for cigarettes read LDN, NY, AUS or OZ so, said the minister was designed smokers to think about “the glamour of travel.”

“There is a clear set of rules about what is allowed and if we allow changes, the tobacco companies will push the boundaries,” she told News Limited.

Its just one of a number of methods tobacco companies are already using to undermine the new rules, which on Saturday demanding that all cigarettes will be sold in a package with a gray health warnings cover 75 percent of the front panel.

Ms Plibersek attacked tobacco companies in September for making “joke” when they began issuing new simple packages that claimed, “It’s what’s inside that counts.”

Meanwhile, the anti-tobacco lobby group Action on Smoking and Health, said Imperial Tobacco was released this month, roll your own smokers with free cans stamped with the old original packaging as “Champion”.

But two weeks before the start of plain packaging, a new brand of cigarettes was launched under the name “Ice” – the name of the drug trafficking, according to ASH CEO Anne Jones.

Imperial Tobacco denied JPS Ice was a drug reference, with a representative saying that “its mint flavored cigarettes and the term ‘Ice’ is a common descriptor used by industry to distinguish similarly flavored cigarettes.”

The minister also accused Philip Morris of “deliberately trying to create chaos” around the introduction of plain packaging, refusing to exchange branded packets belonging to small businesses to easily packed bags.

Domenico Greco of combined and multimodal Business Association said the company was not a replacement package if small business is purchased less than 4,000 cigarettes a week.

That would leave a lot of businesses with $ 2,000 – $ 20,000 worth of dead stock “in the busiest time of the year,” and he called on the government to allow enterprises to eight weeks to sell the old original packaging.

The company did not address accusations Association head, but spokeman Chris Argent said:” Philip Morris is working with the federal government and retailers to ensure a smooth transition to plain packaging”

The Minister said that its main purpose is tobacco companies, and that small business of shopkeepers who break new cigarette pack just laws, which will come into effect on Saturday, is likely to be “educated” than fined up to $ 1 million in sales branded tobacco.

“If we had a large chain of deliberately flouting the rules of tobacco imported from abroad with all the wrong labels, then we would go for the maximum sentence,” she said.

“If we have a small mom and dad shopkeeper who got some old stock they sold two days after the due date, we will take education as a first step,” she said.

Low prices can destroy tobacco farmers in Lombok

Tobacco farmers in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), said that low demand and a drop in sales price for Virginia tobacco variety threatens their livelihood.

Farmers who are big crop losses this year, asking the regional administration to intervene in the market.

This year’s harvest has brought little but misery Lombok independent tobacco farmers. Sale price of Virginia tobacco currently ranges from Rp 3.000 (31 U.S. cents) and Rp 5,000 per kilogram, plummeted from between Rp 30.000 (US $ 3, 30) and Rp 35,000 a kilogram in 2011.
“Last year, we could sell tobacco to Rp 3 million per kilogram, and the price dropped to 3,500 rupees per kilogram,” Lalu Musdar, farmer Janapria, Central Lombok, said. “Companies manipulate prices as they wish. We want the governor to urge them to buy tobacco from us at a fair price.”

Musdar, who planted Virginia tobacco on more than 1.3 hectares of his farm in Janapria, said that he will incur a loss of up to Rp 70 million, if he can not sell his crop.
Operating costs to grow tobacco this year as prices rose, sales fell. Musdar said he rented 1.3 hectares for the cultivation of tobacco for Rp 8,000,000, while its other costs have also increased.
Fertilizer prices, for example, have grown from 200,000 to Rp Rp 300,000 per hundredweight. Musdar said that he had paid for eight quintals to raise their crops.

Salaries have also risen sharply, from Rp 15,000 last year to 35,000 crore this year.
For our production costs, we borrowed from the cooperative and moneylenders at a high rate of interest”, Musdar said.
Tobacco cultivation is concentrated in three municipalities on the island of Lombok, Central, East and West Lombok. More than 16,373 hectares were devoted to the cultivation of tobacco in 2012.
Farmers set production targets 32,464 tons, which they planned to sell up to 21 partner companies.
However, the five companies refused to buy from farmers, while several others have reduced the size of their purchase, citing the decline in production of cigarettes. Another farmer, Fatahillah, urged the regional administration to revoke the license operating companies that are not able to raise the price of tobacco.

“The government promised to do this before, but it was not implemented, as now. Companies buy tobacco from farmers, but they buy it at a much lower standard prices», Fatahillah said.
By Fatahillah, provincial governor should immediately press the tobacco buying companies to buy tobacco from farmers at a higher price, as NTB Regulation № 4/2006 on the cultivation and the Virginia Tobacco-Farming Partnership.
The decree provides that the Governor has the right to organize a local Virginia tobacco farming business.

Abdul Haris, Economic Affairs assistant NTB provincial secretariat, said the administration urged tobacco companies to buy from farmers. However, Abdul said the administration can not intervene in the pricing.

Smoke price hike

Solomon Tobacco smokers hit with a 50% rise in popular Pallmall blue cigarettes effective as of yesterday.

The sharp rise in prices, which smokers caught by surprise, I saw a pack of cigarettes now selling for $ 30 from the previous $ 20 in retail stores.

A single roll of the dollar rose to $ 2.

Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Manager Lilly Lomulo said that the price increase was due to an increase in production costs, the company can no longer absorb.

“Over the past four years the company has been absorbing the increase in raw material costs and tariffs,” Ms. Lomulo said.

“But we can not do it, so I decided to take this measure to meet the goals of the company as a business entity,” she added.

This decision has already had an impact on the customers who have purchased one roll a cigarette for $ 2 on the street.

In the blue box Pallmall increased from $ 5,000 to $ 8,000.

Asked if the continuous breakdown of machines the company had been experiencing contributed to the price hike, Mrs Lomulo said like any other businesses, Solomon Tobacco has its own constraints.

“We have experienced a car accident in the past, but that is no reason for the price increase. This is mainly due to the increase of imported raw materials and tariffs,” she said.

Ms. Lomulo showed the company is currently running low on food to meet the growing demand.

Asked if this is a measures taken by the company for meeting their annual sales, volume and profit targets, Mrs. Lomulo said that this is a business, and “we must meet the expectations of shareholders.”

However, she said that the price increase will not affect its Emu twist product.

This sudden and sharp increase in cigarette prices would mean smokers have to dig deeper into their pockets to meet this fascinating habit.

Recently, customers have come across cases cigarette packs, which have a smaller number of cigarettes they have different tastes, some of the defects found, which raises issues of product quality.

But Mrs. Lomulo said if those reported to them they will not know the cause of the problem.

Gove, to get tough on smokers

With an estimated 100,000 Malaysians die each year from smoke-related diseases the government may resort to what each cigarette stick is printed with the words smoking is dangerous to health.

In another drastic move to prevent people, especially young from picking up the habit, cigarette manufacturers may be excluded from any claims for tobacco variety, quality and taste of the product.

These and other new provisions can be included in the Control of Tobacco Products Regulations 2004, when the Government increases its performance; to make public places in the country is tobacco smoke.

A government source told The Star, that the Ministry of Health will be in the next two weeks, seek public feedback on the internet their tight schedule to prevent Malaysians from destroying their health by smoking.

According to the source, the proposed amendment in accordance with the Global Adult Tobacco Survey Malaysia 2011 held recently in which 84% of respondents want 100% smoke-free public places.

“At the suggestion of the Ministry, the words Merokok Membahayakan Kesihatan must be clearly printed on every cigarette stick to remind existing and potential smokers about the dangers of lighting up,” the source said.

“With about 4,000 chemicals in cigarettes and cigarette smoke, which, among other things, have a carcinogenic effect, the ministry also wants to tar and nicotine in cigarettes will be further reduced,” he said.

It is learned the Ministry provides for nicotine to be reduced from 1.5 mg to 1.25mg per stick and 20 mg to 15 mg for tar content.

He wants it to be further reduced to 1 mg (nicotine) and 10 mg (tar) in the prescribed manner.

According to the source, the tobacco companies, however, requested that the level of nicotine in cigarettes to be reduced only 1.3mg and 15 mg of tar levels from 2014 and up to 1 mg and 10 mg, respectively, in 2018.

“In addition, the maps position to force manufacturers to increase the size of graphic health warnings on packages of the consequences of smoking, at least 40% at present to 50%,” said the source.

“The ministry is already looking at the Australian model, where tobacco companies are only allowed to sell their products in plain packaging, so not being able to use the power of their brand to market their product,” he said.

By a simple way to pack the tobacco companies are not allowed to display their company colors and logos on the packaging.

According to the source, the tobacco companies and importers will be required to formally write to the Ministry every time revise the retail prices of their products.

“Another amendment says that smokers are also not allowed to light up on the five-foot-way or in any covered area, which is part of the premises.

“In other words, if there is a perimeter wall outside, smokers will not be able to light within the region,” he said.

Companies spend less on cigarettes, smokeless tobacco promotion

Tobacco business leaders spent less money on advertising and promotion of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products in recent years, according to the latest data from the Federal Trade Commission.

Numbers released Friday show marketing of cigarettes fell by more than 5% to $ 8.05 billion in 2010, the latest year available, from a year earlier. Meanwhile, cigarette sales fell by about 3% to 281.6 billion cigarettes in the same period.

As in previous years, most of the money spent on cigarettes of about 81%, or $ 6.49 billion, was paid for discount retail and wholesale reduce cigarette prices to consumers, the average price for a pack continued to grow to $ 5, 73 in 2010. Consequence of the rise in prices of major federal tax increase on tobacco products in 2009, in conjunction with various state tax increases.

In 2009, the Food and Drug Administration have also been given the authority to regulate the industry, which include additional marketing restrictions, including a ban on tobacco companies sponsoring athletic, social and cultural events or offering free samples or branded merchandise. Several other changes in tobacco marketing is being challenged in federal court.

According to the latest figures, the money spent on marketing smokeless tobacco products fell by almost 10% to $ 444.2 million from 2009 to 2010, sales increased by 6.5%. The company has spent about 19%, or $ 95 million, a discount to wholesalers and retailers to reduce prices for consumers in 2010.

Advertising and promotion of smokeless tobacco have reached all-time high of $ 547.9 million in 2008, tobacco companies seek cigarette alternatives for sales growth as tax hikes, smoking bans, health problems and social stigma make the cigarette business tougher.

The share of Americans who smoke has fallen dramatically since 1970, from nearly 40 percent to 20%, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But the decline has stopped around 2004, about 46 million adults in the U.S. smoke cigarettes. It is not clear why he did not move, but some experts have led tobacco companies discount coupons on cigarettes and lack of funding for programs to smoking or to help smokers quit.

According to the latest federal data, about 3.5% of American adults use smokeless tobacco.

The Federal Trade Commission released a report on cigarette marketing in 1967, and similar reports of smokeless tobacco in 1987. He looks at the data from the top of the tobacco companies, including: Richmond, Virginia-based Altria Group, parent company of Matlboro online Philip Morris USA, Winston-Salem, North Carolina-based Reynolds American Inc.; Lorillard Inc, based in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Commonwealth Brands Inc, Bowling Green, Kentucky, a subsidiary of the British tobacco company Imperial.

Ttobacco tax increases affect peoples’ behavior

U.S.A President Barack Obama and other liberals believe raising taxes will not change the behavior of citizens and harming the national economy. Consumer response to cigarette taxes means that they are wrong.

Oklahoma tax on cigarettes was increased by 80 cents to $ 1.03 per pack in 2004, but the compacts allowed almost five tribal smoke shops to collect only six cents per pack in tax. This has led to a price advantage of up to $ 10 for a box on non tribal retailers and led to a massive shift in consumer buying habits. Although there were fewer than 200 tribal smoke shops and about 4500 points breeding not to sell tobacco, Native American smoke shops will soon account for nearly 50% of cigarette sales in Oklahoma and as much as 70%t of the market Tulsa. By 2006, according to Oklahoma government loses about $ 48 million a year in tobacco taxes collections because of the shift.

Such a blatant price / tax differences and create a black market for tobacco products, as highlighted again last week, when the federal government seized more than $ 266,000 from the bank accounts of the tobacco company owned by the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma, and detained tobacco wholesaler in New York. A multi-state investigation centers on alleged trafficking of cigarettes Oklahoma to New York, where the cigarette tax is $ 4.35 per pack.

Obviously, there is a difference between choosing to legally buy cigarettes in lower tax certain network and operating the black market. However, the message is clear: The tax rates influence behavior. This is what President Obama and Washington liberals do not seem to understand.

If the president and Congress to act quickly, we are now less than 100 days of what some call “Taxmageddon”, the date that the Bush-era tax cuts to expire. If that happens as planned, Americans at all income levels will be a hit. The income tax rate would jump from 35 to 39.6% for the top staff (which includes countless small business owners), while in the lowest income will have their tax rate increased by 50%.

The marriage penalty will be restored, the Child Tax Credit will be cut in half, the death rate tax will reach 55%, the capital gains tax rate will rise from 15% to 23.8%, and the top tax dividend rate will increase from 15 percent to 43 , 4%. In addition, payroll Obamacare Medicare tax increase comes into effect on 1 January, up from 2.9% to 3.8% for those with incomes exceeding $ 200,000 (or $ 250,000 for married couples).

The cumulative affect of all taxes, scheduled in January, nearly $ 500 billion. The Congressional Budget Office predicts the decline will occur as a result.

Obama and Democrats in Congress say they want to prevent a tax increase for low-income families and only want to “tax the rich.” That would make a bad situation a little less scary. Hiking taxes on the upper income, capital gains and dividends will clog job creators. Perverse incentives Obama’s tax policy will cause many employers to limit their exposure. The end result will be fewer jobs and fewer opportunities for all.

To avoid paying a few dollars more for cigarettes, smokers are significantly change their behavior. I think that the president, rational entrepreneurs will do when faced billions of dollars in new taxes?

Smoke cigarettes, eat eggs and nuts

You know what makes me happy? Seeing the 138-year-old woman smokes some cigarettes. You know, like, bent to her head almost even with her butt, pointing here somehow grew two new joint fist and sucking down her 40th Red Marlboro a day.

  • Yes. Pleases me no end to see this woman. Why? Because she beat the system. It hit home. She won. You can not smoke two packs a day and live to be 138. This is what we are told. But she did, and it makes me happy.
  • I say this because I hate eggs.
  • Yes. Eggs. I hate them. I find them to be repelled at best (fried, scrambled) disgusting at worst
  • As it turns out, my balls hostility may eventually – in theory – add years to the back of my life and just might let me, of all people, to raise some extra joints. See, a study published in the journal Atherosclerosis shows eating eggs – whole eggs with egg yolk – is dangerous for your heart as smoking. There are more than four eggs a week – even eggs, which are used in baking, or what you use eggs – not recommended. Apparently, it causes the arteries thicken up like a milkshake. Smoking does the same thing.
  • Interesting, is not it?

And although it’s harder to find those 138-year-old three eggs per day eaters, I’m sure they’re there. In fact, I would put all the years there are a lot of older people in the audience itself reader who smoked cigarettes and ate the eggs in their life, and cackling with delight as they read this. “Hoo-ha-ha,” they say, egg yolk dribbling down his chin as they puff on their unfiltered Camel. “Take it, fate!”

  • Of course, this math changes if you eat organic eggs. Because everyone knows eating organic, of course, allow you to live a long, long time. Except, uh, not so much as the Stanford study recently proved, since there is no benefit to anything organic.
  • «I was totally surprised,” Dr. Dena Bravata, a senior research affiliate who ran the study, said in the article, AP. “There is not much difference.”
  • And there goes another 138-year-old, is the one who ate apples sprayed with DDT since 23 A.D
  • OK. I’ll stop here. Smoking is bad, bad eating eggs, organic doesn’t matters.

E-cigarettes gain popularity as a way for quitting

It’s called “vamping”, – puffing on e-cigarettes. Actor Johnny Depp in the blank “The Tourist”, and actress Katherine Heigl use an electronic cigarette while back on “The David Letterman Show.”

Electronic cigarettes are made of plastic and metal, haven’t tobacco. The battery heats the solution containing propylene glycol to create a vapor that smokers inhale. Decision contained in a disposable cartridge, you can get dozens of flavors and with different levels of nicotine.

They do not stain your teeth and fingers, and there’s no smoke. No wonder people are turning to electronic cigarettes as a way to quit smoking – despite warnings from health experts who warn against their use.

“I think that people have the opinion that electronic cigarettes are harmless,” said Dr. Gale Burstein, Erie County Health Commissioner. “We do not know the long-term effects on the health of people who use electronic cigarettes. Moreover, we do not know the effects of passive vapor. It’s still a public health problem.”

Medical experts question the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a tool to quit smoking. E-cigarettes are unregulated, and they have no scientific studies are needed, if they were in charge of the Federal narcotics.

“We do not know enough about the electronic cigarettes to recommend them,” said Richard O’Connor, Associate Professor of Oncology, Department of Health behavior in Roswell Park Cancer Institute. “They may be useful for some people. Warning that the lack of industry standards and regulations. Another issue that was not any good clinical trials, which is the gold standard to see if there is something! D works for smoking.”

Proponents argue that there is enough anecdotal evidence to support the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a tool to quit smoking. In spring 2011 study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that electronic cigarettes can help quit smoking.

“You just hit it whenever you get the urge at a certain time of the day,” Kelly said Randles, 34, who turned out to e-cigarettes in September last year. “This is totally different from cigarettes, because you do not have to finish it all. Take a couple of puffs, put it down and do what you do.”

Electronic cigarettes were first sold in China in 2003. They did not become available in the United States until 2006. Today, about 2.5 million Americans use e-cigarettes, tobacco vapor electronic cigarette Association reported. Most use it as a substitute for cigarettes, according to a survey published earlier this year by the University Of Alberta School Of Public Health.

Randles – the mother of two boys aged 11 and 13 – said electronic cigarettes she buys from vapor trail in South Buffalo, a healthier option than it used Matlboro online.

“Here’s the thing. I get a taste of Marlboro, not menthol,” Randles said.

Contrail co-owner Andrew Osborne, 29, said he had given up smoking for 18 months just to get back up. Now he is using electronic cigarettes as an alternative to conventional cigarettes.

“Nicotine does something for you,” said Osborne. He compares it to caffeine.

Growing concern that children and teens can use the electronic cigarette as a prelude to the tobacco cigarettes prompted Governor Andrew Cuomo to ban the use of electronic cigarettes within 100 feet of the entrance to public or private schools. Legislation came into force on 5 September. The second provision – banning the sale of electronic cigarettes to anyone under 18 years old – comes into force on January 1.

“Just something electronic marketing is very appealing to children and teenagers,” she said. “As a pediatrician, I am afraid this may be another place for a teenager to start breathing that can be toxic.”

Cigarette discount ban in the works

Malaysia is preparing to approve a policy that will ban discounts on cigarettes in an attempt to continue smoking, Philip Morris (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd Corporate Affairs Director Richard James.

Tobacco companies are now allowed to offer a discount up to 5% of the retail price for one month, up to three times a year. These stocks are usually carried out by tobacco companies to introduce new products.

James said, Philip Morris, which makes Matlboro online and, there is a problem with the proposed plan of the Health Ministry as tobacco players were informed of the move and have enough time to respond.

“If the idea of a smoking bans to make it less accessible, then we have no problem with that. Actually, we got to know in advance what movements and preparing for it,” he said in an interview SunBiz.

However, James said that the ban on price discounts has not been declared so it is unclear when it will be done.

“Even though the ban has not yet been published, we know that it is the intention of the government. So we have to keep in mind is to make sure that we do not include price discounts for cigarettes in our business plans in the pipeline,” he added.

The Ministry has recently announced that the new price floor on 20-stick cigarette packs will RM7, compared to RM6.40, and only a pack of cigarettes with 20 sticks can be sold from September 1. The new regulation is aimed at reducing opportunities for children, youth and low-income people to buy cigarettes.

“In addition, we do not have any problems with the new rules, (we know that) every time the excise tax increase, the minimum price will also increase. For 20-stick pack decree was imposed a standard format for the execution and monitoring purposes smuggling of tobacco products and the prices are too many options, “said James.

He added that Philip Morris understands the need to regulate the tobacco industry, as smoking is harmful and addictive.

“But as long as the rules are reasonable, but not extreme, and while we can tailor our business (as amended) in a reasonable time, then we would not be against them. Australia’s recent decision to support the simple act of packing (which says that tobacco products should be in a simple package and carry graphic health warnings) is an example of extreme policies that we think that there is no scientific evidence to support this. Moreover, policies aimed at demonizing the industry, “he said.

James believes the rules Malaysia and tobacco prices of one of the strictest in the Asia-Pacific region.

“Not only do you have the laws on the minimum selling price of cigarettes, the Ministry of Health must also approve all retailers offer price of tobacco products before they can sell them. Malaysia is one of the few countries in the world to do so.

“Injurious to health by tobacco products (with the image of patients, lung cancer and throat) are also among the largest in the region, after Australia, covering at least 40% before cigarette packages and 60% on the back,” James said, adding that there is a complete ban on the advertising of tobacco products in the country.

In Malaysia, Philip Morris is the third largest player after cigarettes British American Tobacco (M) Bhd and JT International Bhd, with a 15% market share.

James said the illegal tobacco trade, which accounted for 34.7% of all cigarettes sold in the country, continues to pose the greatest threat to the legal tobacco players like Philip Morris.

“These illegal cigarettes are usually brands, which are manufactured in Cambodia, the Philippines and Indonesia, and some of them are probably not registered brands in these countries. Although illicit trade effect will always be present in Malaysia from due to geography and the realities of government resources the Authority, we believe that (34.7%) level today is still too high, and we think that it can be brought up to a more acceptable level.

“We believe that the government loses about RM2 billion each year in lost excise taxes on tobacco market. This is a great incentive for the government in terms of picking unrealized gains,” he said.

NY Governor Signs bill restricting E-Cigarette Sales

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has signed two bills that affect smokers. The new laws include measures to prohibit smoking within 100 feet of the entrances or exits of any public or private schools and ban the sale of electronic cigarettes to persons under the age of 18.

“Cigarette smoking – as passive smoking – is dangerous, especially for our children,” said Cuomo. “These two new laws will strengthen the protection of our state, to help our young people to avoid nicotine addiction, as well as the harmful effects of cigarette smoke. I thank the authors of both of these bills for their efforts to protect the health of our young people.”

The new law extends the ban on smoking on school grounds, to prohibit smoking within 100 feet of entrances, exits, or in open areas of public and private schools. Villas or residential property of 100 feet on the perimeter will be excluded from the new smoking ban law.

This new law takes effect immediately.

E-cigarettes – battery-powered devices that allow users to inhale vaporized liquid solution of nicotine and tobacco smoke – can serve as a way to nicotine addiction for children, leading them to smoke cigarettes and use other tobacco products, Cuomo said.

In addition, the electronic cigarette refill cartridges are often sold without the protective packaging; contain high concentrations of nicotine, which can be fatal if accidentally ingested by young children. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has also warned that these e-cigarettes contain ingredients that are known to be toxic to humans or that otherwise may not be safe, the report said.

The bill passed the Assembly and Senate unanimously and the new law comes into force on 1 January 2013.

“Unlike other nicotine-containing products, electronic cigarettes are not currently regulated and, as such, children are legally able to purchase these devices and consume nicotine, an addictive chemical,” Senator Owen Johnson (R) said. This is common sense legislation that keeps the addictive chemical away from children and teenagers at the same time preserving the rights of children to make their own informed decisions about how to use these products, and I thank Governor Cuomo for signing it into law. “

State Assembly member Linda B. Rosenthal (D) said, “I am pleased that Governor Cuomo signed my bill to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors and to regulate them in the same manner as other tobacco products is currently regulated. Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, although at present unregulated and potentially dangerous to human health, which are produced in flavors meant to appeal to young people, such as chewing gum and chocolate. Electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, a highly addictive ingredient found in cigarettes and other tobacco products, which will connect another generation young people in the deadly habit. We save lives by preventing the generation of young people in the sample, first, addictive cigarettes. “

Tobacco fight fires as part of a fight

Anti-tobacco group is called a “last attempt” to survive, but my opinion Counts site, led by Philip Morris, a sign of big business is struggling.
Green Party Health Representative Kevin Hague called the website set up last month, as cigarettes were forced to closed-door cabinet in the stores, “disturbing” and “immoral.”

On the same day that the law came into Government published details of his plan for a simple package, which officials say will allow the Ministry of Health to reduce premature mortality and smoking contribute to the goal of New Zealand in 2025. They also wanted to harmonize with Australia, where a simple package is currently deployed in October.
But the site comments to the government, released Sunday Star-Times on condition of anonymity, shows the company will not go quietly.

“I’m annoyed by their rights, it seems, has taken away from me,” said one smoker. “I’m old enough to make up your mind on whether I smoke, drink, etc. I do not need the government or someone else told me that I can and can not do,” another says.
Big tobacco is clearly unhappy. Over the years the company worked with the regulators, and where he got them?
“Tobacco products may not be used in almost any public place, can not be advertised, sold in packs dominated graphic health warnings, are subject to higher taxes than any other consumer product, and are the subject of considerable public health campaigns,” Philip Morris, General Manager Brett Taylor said in a letter to Health Minister Tariana Turia Associate.

He describes a simple package as “an attack on consumer choice and competition”, and says that it will cost thousands of dollars in small business “lost time” because “an increase in time inventory management, time of the sale, as well as the choice of error product. ”
“Normal is the packaging … the expropriation of intellectual property rights in violation of international treaties,” says Taylor.
At the same time in Australia, three companies have sued the government for a simple package, an action that is expected to fail, but a dispute with the World Trade Organization will last longer and are believed to have a greater chance of success.
The message that reached Wellington, where a recent paper, the Cabinet advised: “.. We can count on protection from tobacco-producing countries the problems in the WTO; we are also a risk of legal firms in trade and investment agreements”

According to official estimates of $ 6 million legal bill to fight each suit, and another $ 2 million to the protection of WTO issues, costs that are likely to put the Government.
Prime Minister John Key said he “did not die in a ditch” for conventional packages, and David Shearer Labour warned the government “to look before you leap.”

ENHANCED factory can produce 8,000 cigarettes per minute
Lower Hutt Mayor Ray Wallace defends a “good employer” Imperial Tobacco, as he prepares to officially open its $ 45 million plant upgrade.
Petone factory works since 1920, and six new production lines can now roll 8000 cigarettes per minute.

The company was swamped with applications in March, when it was announced 50 jobs will be created and exported to Australia, will be four times after the update, which bind Tariana Turia Minister of Health called “immoral.”
Cancer Society representative Ian Pearson picked up by calling Update “Kiwi import of Australians does not want to.”
Wallace did not smoke, but says that the habit is a personal choice.
“I do not think that criticism, looking at the picture. They say it is immoral. They say that the people who sell alcohol? We have a lot of problems with alcohol too. No one is forcing them to smoke, and if people have the problem with smoking habit, or your feet, that’s their business. ”

Imperial Tobacco was a good employer, he said, and took measures, such as dimming the screen to reduce light pollution neighbors, because the plant will last longer.
“Many of the workers have been there for decades. Some It’s a good job and is aware of their obligations.”
Imperial has been welcoming guests at the plant tomorrow, including Wallace, on the day before an open day for members and officials. Despite the invitation to dozens of MPs, a spokesman confirmed that almost all of them said they were “too busy” to attend.

Tobacco production up in Zimbabwe

Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board of Zimbabwe has announced the sale in 2011 of more than 140 million kilograms of tobacco generated $ 517 million in revenue – an increase of more than $ 100 million last year.

However, Harare-based economist John Robertson warns that the growth in production and revenues should not detract from the potential risks of future forests, thanks to new methods of treatment used.
“Farming methods used today are environmentally harmful and a threat to long-term prospects of the agricultural sector,” said Robertson.

Before the agricultural land was taken over by the government in 2000 and distribute it, mostly white farms to use when burning coal to cure tobacco. According to Robertson, the country’s many small tobacco farmers currently use firewood to cure their tobacco, rather than coal. With tens of thousands of farmers to cut trees for firewood nearby, Robertson said there is “desertification” threat to Zimbabwe’s tobacco growing regions.
After the land reform the government, tobacco products declined significantly, but since 2009, has been on the rise, but so far away from the peak of 2,000 rooms. Robertson said that since the land on the few large farms were divided into tens of thousands of tobacco farms, average farm products for about two hectares.

He also warned that the increase in world production of tobacco on the market next year could lead to lower prices for the average Zimbabwean tobacco farmer, who, according to a recent article New York Times, an average of U.S. $ 6,000 per year.
Robertson acknowledges that wages are much higher revenue of about $ 800 U.S. that a worker used to earn up to land reform, if it worked for a major operation against tobacco. But he argued that lower wages do not reflect the medical, educational and other benefits these workers receive.

Since land reform, it’s not just the sellers who have changed. Today, China is the biggest buyer of tobacco in Zimbabwe.
“When our principle markets are in Europe, European buyers were much more elaborate than the Chinese buyers,” said Robertson. “China believes that a small number of Zimbabwean tobaccos, almost any quality, so it significantly improves the quality of Chinese tobacco, cigarettes, it becomes much more acceptable to the smoking public.”

Experts question about E-Cigarette Legacy

Proponents of electronic cigarettes have been in arms about the inconsistencies in the study last week on e-cigarettes held Schroeder Institute Legacy – starting with the Declaration of Heritage to the nation’s first study on the understanding of electronic cigarettes.

“Legacy’s claim that this is the first national study is false,” executive director of tobacco smoke, Bill Godshall said the Pennsylvania Tobacco E-News, noting that the CDC conducted a similar survey on the electronic cigarette in 2010.

However, experts were more important things than whether or not it was actually the first electronic cigarette research.
“Heritage press release does not provide more detailed information on its results of the survey, but it contains many false and misleading propaganda of anti electronic cigarette,” said Godshall.

Some of the larger false or misleading statements contained Godshall include a description of e-cigarettes as “drug delivery devices,” in spite of the fact that they were legally classified as tobacco, that e-cigarettes “is used to avoid the smoke – free indoor air laws, “and argue that dual use of electronic cigarettes and cigarettes are more dangerous than smoking cigarettes exclusive.

As a result, the conclusion of the newspaper declares that “we also need to FDA pre-marketing testing ENDS for safety and effectiveness for the protection of public health and safety requirements and test efficiency.” In other words, the legacy of the paper calls for ban electronic cigarettes to the FDA regulates them as smoking cessation devices – that, FDA is not legally allowed to do, and the electronic cigarettes have been classified not as a cessation devices, but tobacco products.

This call for is distributing to Dr. Michael Siegel, professor of Public Health Sciences at Boston University health.
“This conclusion has nothing to do with any data presented in the document,” Siegel wrote in his blog, Tobacco Analysis. “In any case, in fact, the data presented in the document indicate the promise of electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy in the fight against tobacco.”

For example, the legacy of the study showed that “40.2% of Americans have heard about electronic cigarettes and more than 70% believe that they are less harmful than regular cigarettes.” Siegel believes that such a strong awareness of the product, “speaks its like usefulness to all smokers in moving away from tobacco cigarettes.” In addition, the study also confirmed that e-cigarettes are mainly used for smokers as a safer alternative, or in an attempt to reduce or eliminate the use of all tobacco products.

“These data, taken together, suggest that the electronic cigarettes have great prospects as harm reduction and smoking reduction / cessation strategies,” Siegel said. “However, there is nothing in the results of work that speaks of the need to take the goods from the market for safety reasons or demonstrated danger.”

Siegel also agree that the FDA would need to regulate e-cigarettes to ensure quality products and keep them away from underage smokers – in the same way FDA regulates tobacco products. However, the fact that the authors of the Heritage paper, in fact, called for a ban electronic cigarettes are extremely puzzled Siegel.
“The article draws the main conclusion, which does not support the evidence, and which has no relation to reality the results are presented in the article” Siegel concluded.

Profits of British American Tobacco

British American Tobacco Plc (bats), the largest cigarette manufacturer in Europe, said first-half operating profit rose 3 percent above the price of the offset stagnant traffic.

Adjusted operating profit rose to 2.84 billion pounds ($ 4.4 billion) from 2.76 billion pounds a year earlier, the London-based company said in a statement today. This was in accordance with 2.83 billion pounds average of five analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. Sales were little changed at 7.45 billion pounds.

The make of Lucky Strike brand and Pall Mall cigarettes have increased prices and pushed the emerging markets to offset the increase in state taxes and reduce tobacco use in America. Emerging markets account for 75 percent of BAT and nearly 60 percent of its profits.

“Despite the global economic instability and the adverse impact of exchange rates, British American Tobacco put another good set of results,” chairman Richard Burrows said in a statement.

Cigarette shipments were unchanged in the first half, as growth in sales of Lucky Strike and Pall Mall was offset sluggish conditions in southern Europe and the rise in disposable supplies in the last year in Japan as a result of the earthquake and tsunamis in the region, which hurt local producers of tobacco.

In Brazil, the largest market of BAT in terms of sales, the company raised cigarette prices in April before the tax increase in May, which resulted in a “good profit growth,” which was largely offset by the weakening of the real, the company said.

In Russia, where the market share of BAT, and increased profits for the first six months of the year fueled by higher sales of cigarettes Kent, the government plans to increase excise taxes on tobacco by 40 percent annually until 2015, according to his tax plan.


“In the absence of a sharp revision of excise taxes and, instead, a steady and regular increase of excise taxes, the price outlook BAT should remain robust in its core markets,” Simon Hales, an analyst at Barclays, said in a July 19 report. “In addition, BAT became more comfortable in making a larger increase in prices to offset the change in the pitch motion of the tax.”

The so-called company brands drives, including Dunhill, Kent, Lucky Strike and Pall Mall, increased volumes of 4 per cent. These brands now account for about one-third of deliveries, compared with 12 percent in 2002, according to Jefferies International analyst Dirk van Vlaanderen.

Australia has adopted a law to come into force on 1 December, which would make the first country to ban logos on cigarette packaging in efforts to combat smoking. BAT, which denies the ban, is the largest seller of tobacco in the country with a market share of 47 percent, according to Barclays Capital. Britain and New Zealand is also considering such legislation.

Last week, Philip Morris International, Inc (PM), the largest publicly traded tobacco company in the world, reported second-quarter profit that beat analysts’ estimates, so that the demand for cigarettes in Eastern Europe. Yesterday, Imperial Tobacco Plc said reducing tobacco supply fell in its third quarter.

British American Tobacco also said it bought 553 million pounds of shares in the period, and increased its interim dividend 11 percent to 42.2 pence. Its shares were little changed at 3308 pence in London yesterday.

Philip Morris Int’l fewer cigarettes sold in Q2

Cigarette manufacturer Philip Morris International, Inc said Thursday second-quarter net profit fell 4 percent, despite higher prices, as the company sold fewer cigarettes.

The seller of Marlboro brand and other cigarette brands abroad said changes in currency values hurt profit in the April-June quarter and reduced earnings guidance for the year due to the strengthening of the dollar.

Net income was U.S. $ 2.32 billion, or $ 1.36 per share, in the second quarter, compared with $ 2.41 billion, or $ 1.35 per share, a year ago. Profit last quarter beat Wall Street estimates of a penny, according to FactSet.

When the U.S. dollar is rising against other world currencies, companies that sell goods at the international level to take a stab at converting revenue in foreign currency back into dollars. This effect is particularly strong for Philip Morris International, because it’s all their business abroad.

Excluding excise taxes, revenue fell about 2 percent to $ 8.1 billion, despite the high prices. Analysts had expected revenue of $ 8 billion.

Philip Morris International, said that the number of cigarettes, she put down about 1 percent to 238.3 billion. The company is the second largest seller of cigarettes in the world, behind the state-controlled China National Tobacco Corporation.

Its shares rose 14 cents to close at $ 89.55 on Thursday.

Smokers face higher taxes, bans, health and social stigma around the world, but the effect on cigarette demand generally less completely outside of the United States. Philip Morris International compensated for the decline due to price increases and cost reductions.

Deliveries rose by about 5% of companies in the region, which covers Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa, but fell by 9.4% in the European Union, and 3% in Latin America and Canada.

Shipments to Asia, one of the biggest areas of growth, fell by almost 1 percent during the quarter to hard compare to the same period last year, when deliveries surged in Japan following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

The events offered by the possibility of selling because of supply disruptions have led Japan Tobacco Inc, the world’s second producer of tobacco 3, stop delivery of cigarettes in Japan.

In addition, the company bought the Philippines Tobacco Company Fortune Co. in February 2010, the strengthening of the Asian business.

Philip Morris International said the total supply of Marlboro declined by 1.5% in the third quarter to 76.9 billion cigarettes. The company said that its market share increased or remained stable in many key areas.

“We have the best geographic footprint in the industry and leadership in both developing and developed markets,” Chief Financial Officer Hermann Waldemer said in a conference call with investors.

During the quarter the company spent $ 1.5 billion to buy back 17.8 million shares as part of its three-year $ 12 billion repurchase program that began in May 2010. New, previously announced three-year share repurchase program by $ 18 billion is scheduled to begin August 1.

In addition, the company has maintained all year earnings forecast of $ 5.10 and $ 5.20 per share.

Hilary Duff with cigarette in her hand

This is Hilary Duff smoking? This is a question which appeared on everyone’s lips after a few photos she holds a cigarette has been published. People have begun to offer ways to quit smoking.

Photograph of Hilary Duff smoking has gone viral on the Internet in June of this year. The actress is successful, albeit unintentionally, managed to terrify the media this summer, thanks to the photos that went viral last June. In the same photo, shows Hillary with a cigarette in her hand. While the young mother and recently, she were impressed by the media was that it did not seem concerned about the fact that she smoked. Online newspapers immediately began accusing her of being irresponsible with respect to the newborn or trying to lose weight by taking up the habit.

In an attempt to beam all of these allegations, the star responded to her fans on Twitter. The publication, written on June 18, 2012, she denies any allegations that were brought up to her and that she only supports holding the cigarette for a friend. However, neither the fans nor the public seem to have been very interested in or affected by the news – yet another attempt to the media overreact to the wrong picture.

Hilary Duff smoking may not be big news for some, however, especially the effects of smoking during pregnancy and early after birth is very damaging to mother and child. There have been some who are – more or less as a joke – Hillary offered to quit smoking using electronic cigarettes. And many other Hollywood celebrities have been seen puffing of the electronic cigarette, including Katherine Heigl and Leonardo DiCaprio.

People seem to promote alternative methods of traditional smoking habit. And many people have taken this trend, which has helped them to quit smoking without the harm to health. Sites which offer free electronic cigarette kits on the court all those interested in their health and the health of their children. There are many methods that have been offered to those willing to give up this vice, but none has yet proved as effective as smoking electronic cigarettes.

Life is long and the e-cigarette smoking by Jenny Jenkins of Houston, Texas said: “I usually smoke a pack a day, but as soon as my electronic cigarette free trial kit arrived, I found myself half-pack on my first day.

“I just took my cigarette vapor, when I felt the urge to smoke and took a few puffs. I had no more cravings for a cigarette tobacco. I also felt more energy and less fatigue at the end of the day.”

She continues: “After my third day I was up to five cigarettes a day and two weeks later I smoked my last cigarette tobacco. I just do not need them anymore.”

The ratio in smoking is a cultural revolution

Tobacco companies pay millions of dollars for “product placement” to be the most popular movie stars suck on their brands, even though they have moved from the Lucky Strike product in Marlboros in recent years.

In my younger days, newspaper and magazine advertisements and television commercials were doctors saying Camels are good for you. In 1950, some participants in the Tour de France, which is full swing right now, smoking has been strongly suggested as a way to improve their performance.

You do not see doctors or professional bicycle racers roll cigarettes in those days, and paid placement of cigarettes in movies on the decline, although a few paid seats for Marlboros, as well as hidden connections paid for the Coca-Cola, McDonalds, etc., so then contaminate some films and television programs.

Meanwhile, the innocent victims of the cigarette smoke that used to just suffer in silence, like carcinogens, and other rubbish are covered with interior light, and light a cigarette near drug addicts, not as tolerant as before.

 In recent years, if I wrote anything bad about smoking, I would get a blizzard of complaints saying that I was against the “freedom” of nicotine addicts. In fact, I am against any restrictions on behavior that is not harmful does not want – whether it be smoking or other vices and habits. If you want to rot your brain on drugs, or take other risks that I will make no objection at all.

Smoking, however, often affect the other in different ways, and when it comes to making smoking, it’s amazing how the tide has turned.

Reaction to the column Sunday about smoking parasites on public assistance has been almost 100 percent in favor of my opposition to those worn on the hands.

It is in connection with the history of last week in The Morning Call to ban smoking in the Allentown Housing Authority, which regulates public housing in the city, and my column on Sunday, which raised the question of the taxpayers are forced to subsidize people who can afford to smoke and other pernicious luxuries.

“I wonder how much we could save as a country if all the help we gave was closely monitored, and how much was spent on cigarettes, alcohol, tattoos,” Sauerzopf said. “The National Park Service,” noted the letter from EJ Wendell, “asks us to” Please do not feed the animals. Their stated reason for the policy, because the animals will grow dependent on handouts, and have not learned to take care of themselves. “

And so it went. Do not peek of those who believe his habit of smoking should be subsidized by the state.

There were also several letters from people who lodged complaints about my comment in the Sunday column about a man who asked how to “tell me what I can do in his place.”

I said that “it is not his place. This place is the one who actually pays for it”

“Anyone who actually pays for it to be correct full sentence,” says Bruce Huie of Zionsville, a number of readers who caught the “who” goof. He said he did not see too many mistakes in my stuff, and, therefore, he assumed that it was “just a matter of editing.”

Oh, how I want Huie was right, because I spent a lot of time over the years other journalist’s lectures on how to get someone who, and those who designs the right. I am so upset my stupid mistake that I just might have to highlight the Camel, to calm me down.

I felt better when I saw the paper on Thursday and the story about the state parks.

Because of complaints about the plague cigarette litter, especially the filters in the parks, and because of the amount of time park employees must use to clean up, state officials plan to ban smoking in the two parks, has not yet named. If the ban successful, as reported, it can be extended to all state parks.

“Cigarettes, now that the majority of filters are the worst of all litter,” I wrote on May 27. I said that the best solution would be to require that a deposit is paid for each filter – say, $ 1 for a cigarette – to be refunded when the smoker is in his or her use of filters when you buy a new pack of cigarettes.

I doubt that the ban on smoking in our parks will work just as well, but it’s great that someone in state government is beginning to take a cigarette with a filter problem of litter seriously.

E-Cigs are less harmful than tobacco cigarettes

The results of the first comparison of the level of volatile organic compounds emitted by electronic cigarettes as opposed to traditional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes confirms tobacco reduces the susceptibility of smokers are bad for health chemicals.

The German scientists are conducting research subjects were smoking tobacco or cigarettes or vaporize of electronic cigarettes in the emission test chamber, the concentration of volatile organic compounds measured mass spectrometry. The results of the study were defeated by a professor at the Department of Public Health Sciences, Boston University Health Dr. Michael Siegel, from Tobacco Analysis blog.

According to Siegel, while 20 volatile organic compounds were found in tobacco smoke, only six of those compounds were found a pair of electronic cigarettes. The concentration of these compounds in the e-cigarette vapor is also significantly reduced from 2.5% to 39.1% representing of acetone concentrations found in cigarette smoke. The researchers analyzed the exhaled air from electronic cigarettes, and only compounds found were low traces of nicotine and flavoring, moderate levels of glycerol and high levels of propylene glycol, which is the main component of the electronic cigarette liquid.

“This study confirms that the use of electronic cigarettes significantly reduces the exposure of users to a wide range of chemicals in tobacco smoke,” Dr. Siegel wrote in his blog. “A few chemicals for which exposure is located at substantially lower than cigarette smoking.”

One of the chemical compound of concern found in the electronic cigarette fumes of formaldehyde – whose presence was still five to ten times less than the amount contained in cigarette smoke cigarettes. Siegel says one of the hypotheses is formaldehyde may be the result of heating propylene glycol.

“I think in the long run, electronic cigarettes, which use glycerol as filler may become the standard,” said Siegel. “The use of glycerol, probably avoids the production of most volatile organic compounds detected in this study, as well as alleviates any concerns about respiratory irritation.”

Overall, this study is good news for retailers and manufacturers of electronic cigarettes. In previous studies, confirming that the amount of carcinogens is significantly reduced, the electronic cigarette (the only known carcinogen levels of product in trace amounts), Indoor Air Research shows electronic cigarettes also reduces the impact of the user to hazardous volatile organic compounds, probably reduces the risk of lung disease.


For some, they still do. But New Zealand might be one of the first countries in the world to eliminate smoking entirely. Susan Edmunds investigates the murder of cancer of the tobacco industry.

Golnaz Bassam Tabar is observed every time the work is achieved through a cigarette. Out of its offices in central Auckland, it pops Mild Seven cigarettes between her lips glossed to restrain her perfectly straightened hair from her face and lit celebratory smoke. “Working in a high-pressure environment, it was something to look forward to. Do it, get it back and get a cigarette.” Bassam Tabar, 30, is proud that she recently kicked the habit is responsible for the weakening of her shoulders, as well as the occasional admiring glance from a stranger.

“When I was growing up, I thought it was very cool, sexy thing,” she says. “My mother used to smoke and I thought she was so gorgeous and glamorous with a cigarette when she was kicking back … it always looked so cool doing it.” But if the government gets its way, the rest of the smokers in the country will follow example Bassam Tabar and kick his ass. Nevertheless, it remains easy sexuality of smoking, a hint of danger that the men noticed.

Anyone who will admit is a smoker’s head columnist Damien Grant. He said that the cigarette between his lips gives a touch of swagger of James Dean to even the mildest of the employees. “You do not marry a smoker, it is obvious – but a dangerous relationship, of course.” Our government has declared its goal to make the country “smoking” in 2025. This is not a ban – just reduce smoking to a level at which the cigarettes are not readily available, smoking is not popular, and it’s expensive to be out of reach of most in their daily lives. Smoking rate below 5 percent would qualify.

Bhutan has already declared itself smoke-free. But we are racing countries such as Finland, to be the first in the Western world to eradicate smoking. In 2025, for example, lobbyists, it is time to prohibit the retail sale of tobacco completely. Children born today will never know that the first cigarette on the back of the school tennis courts. Researcher Murray Laugesen: “You’ve got to cut it off somewhere It’s not wise to allow the continuation of the sale of such products addictive” For those of us who remember the offices of the complete chain smoking, and the aircraft on which it was quite common to look to the altar and see line hands dangling cigarettes arms, it’s almost unbelievable.

Gone are the days when smoking was Ayn Rand-style expression of power – the holding of fire between his fingertips. Glamorous Audrey Hepburn would be forced to leave the pub nowbe if she put a treat that the mouthpiece between the lips. Converting from smoking during the past sexy secretaries waist tightened Mad Men on the scourge of society requires an organized campaign about the dangers to health regulations and prohibitions. This week, the Board of Auckland has shown that it is considering a ban on smoking in public places. Twenty-four other councils, including Rotorua, Whangarei, Far North, Bay of Plenty and Christchurch, has a policy against smoking in public places. But the biggest blow to the fagging came in 2003 when the government passed legislation to implement the ban on smoking in schools and workplaces – the days of a pint and a cigarette in a bar. In December 2004 a new generation of smokers fears the elements outside the pub, or shelter in the doorways of office buildings. Smoking
was literally thrown out into the cold.

New anti-smoking measures proposed all the time: Maori Party co-leader Tariana Turia wants a ban on smoking in cars. Actions on Smoking and Health (ASH) spokesman Michael Colhoun says it’s time to introduce measures to restrict the supply and demand, such as the licensing of sellers of tobacco products. The Cabinet accepted in principle a plan to make cigarettes for sale in plain packaging. Australia will not introduce the motion pending the outcome of litigation with the tobacco giant Phillip Morris is known, probably around September.

Down the hall, the head of the Imperial Tobacco Finance Brendan Walker rails against the anti-smoking efforts of the government, saying that they are unreasonable, unnecessary and unreasonable. This is a massive violation of human business, he says. “We will take all steps we can to protect our intellectual property.” Laugesen, who has been studying smoking since the mid-1980s, said that the most effective measures are those that sting of smokers in the pocket – and the exponential growth of excise duty done New Zealand tobacco is one of the most expensive in the world. Over the years, our prices are tobacco were among the highest in the world, in relation to our income. New Zealanders are now paying more for a standard package of 20 cigarettes, smokers than the guy in the UK, South Africa, USA, Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan.

We pay about the same as the Australians are now – but quickly outstrip their prices with the Government of New Zealand are programmed annually by 10 per cent rates. Cigarettes are $ 1 each in 2016. The package price is 30 g of tobacco leaves about $ 40 for four years. The changes are expected to put an additional $ 528 million into state coffers and reduce the number of smoking-related deaths in the range from 300 to 350 a year. But that’s not enough for the Ministry of Health, which suggested that the Government consider raising the price of ciggies 20 to $ 100 in 2020. And it’s not enough to Turia, who as minister of the first Labour-led government and the current National-led government insists on anti-smoking measures – including the drivers are asked to wag their fingers at others they see smoking with kids in the car.

Turia says she wants a 50 per cent more than the price of tobacco products, effective immediately – in accordance with one embodiment of the Ministry. Colhoun Ash agrees. He said that smokers should be a large increase in shock, to induce them to leave, a 10 percent increase by no more than a minor annoyance that people will change their budgets to absorb. Laugesen is approved in the latest New Zealand Medical Journal at a price boost of 40 percent next year, and then increases each year by 20 percent. He says that the limitation is increased to 10 percent per year, will push the smoke-free goal beyond the reach New Zealand until 2040, in the near future. He hopes that the government may revise its proposal on the background of understanding of the legislation, which closed at the end of this month.

Mana Party leader Hone Harawira would like to see smoking banned immediately, but said that the government is too pragmatic to do so. “We are in severe financial constraints and it is raising $ 1 billion per year for the government, I can not see that happening.” He has a point. Tobacco is the mass worker to the government. Amount it collects in excise tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products has almost doubled over the past two decades. Smokers are now generating more funds for the government than it receives in payment of the largest state-owned enterprises, Meridian Energy. Meridian paid $ 163 million in common dividends last year. Imperial Tobacco, alone, accounts for about $ 249m in tax. Corporate Affairs Manager Cathy Edwards said 80 percent of the company’s products are the direct income to the government – and this is just one of the three tobacco companies, which dominate the market in New Zealand.

Despite the overall drop in sales, the condition of the Emperor to be on the rise. Its profit rose to $ 21 million last year, due to increased sales by 16 percent. Duty is the biggest cost of the tobacco companies at a rate of 72 percent of revenue Imperial Tobacco in its final year. In addition, the company paid $ 9.3 in tax. Even the Ministry of Finance recognizes smokers generally pay for themselves. They die on average 15 years earlier than nonsmokers, so if they have to treat unpleasant smoking-related diseases, the tax they pay for their habit of that coverage. BrendanWalker Imperial says it’s something that people need to remember. Smokers continue to smoke, says Laugesen, while the price does not allow them to continue. Eleven percent less tobacco was sold during the period between 2010 and 2011, and that is now attributed to higher prices. “You can change the warning and nothing happens, but when the price goes up, people act.”

In 1992 New Zealand had the lowest tobacco use in adults in OECD countries, which says Laugesen was achieved through taxation. And the smoking rate continues to fall. Those few who still smoke consume only 12 days on average, compared with 20 in 1980. Thus, we give enough thought those smokers who, by their own admission, the dependence of? Smokers should be offered an alternative, Laugesen admits. “Smokers need consideration of how they cope. Provision is not made for smokers to quit smoking by alternative means. “He says that the de-nicotine cigarettes should be available and should be cheaper than standard varieties. He also wants the government to lift the ban on electronic cigarettes containing nicotine. It can import nicotine cigarettes from abroad for personal use, but the government did not allow them to be sold.

“If you ask them they say that nicotine is a drug and may not be sold unless it is authorized medical license them, but most of the nicotine, recreational use and there is reason for this continues to be. In my opinion, they can be sold in accordance with the Law smoke environment. “Talk to the tobacco companies, and they say that smokers will find a way to smoke, all that the government is doing. Prevent or hike the price of cigarettes, they say, and you’ll just provide a vacuum to be filled in the black market – an illegal trade that benefits no one, and organized crime. Ernst & Young report to Parliament for the British American Tobacco says tobacco black market is not a serious problem because of our geographical position and the way our borders are under control. But Walker said that the Government of Australia said until last year when it seized 60 tons of black market tobacco. He says that more than a quarter of smokers are aware of the black market products, and come a time when the price makes them buy. “There will be a price that makes law-abiding citizens into the hands of criminals.”

Illegal tobacco can not even come across the border. Two illegal cultivation of tobacco had been found guilty in Auckland District Court this week, and Imperial Tobacco said 4.7 tones of illegally manufactured tobacco, which was captured, would have done almost seven million cigarettes. “The total fine of $ 7,500 is less than 1 percent of the profits that these people would make from selling tobacco illegally.” Most of the illegal tobacco grown in New Zealand is Motueka, and in the Far North. Ernst & Young report says illegal tobacco is about 3.3 percent of total consumption in the present, and the loss of revenue for the government of $ 40 to $ 50 million each year. It says the price is the main factor for the transition to black-market product. Health lobbyists relaxed about the possibility that, as prices increase, smokers will grow by them. The law allows the farmer’s house, to an amount equal to about 80 cigarettes a day. They expect to be reduced, but they say, growing your own is a good alternative when the government finally bites the bullet and it is to remove tobacco from shops.

David Owen, a longtime smoker who had beaten them to it. He started production of tobacco in the home, almost by accident. Owen won three tobacco plants and produced approximately 50 g of tobacco, seeds and an envelope with at least one “fucking unbelievable” cigar. He said the procedure was simple. He received much of his information from a person Waihi, Peter Joyce, who writes a blog about the growth of their own tobacco: “Here in New Zealand”, he writes: “You can buy tobacco seeds to grow things, and if you want to smoke it is legitimate. You can not legally sell it, barter it or give it away. “Joyce recommends that home manufacturers have a dozen plants, if possible.” Tobacco is largely looks after … a lot of absolute nonsense is put on over the difficulty of treating tobacco. “

This country could be smoking, says Harawira – this is the case of obligations.

He wants New Zealand stubs from the habit in 2025. “The country wants to make it happen. My hopes are very high.” Laugesen says that even the strongest wish to change the smoker. “Even the angriest smokers will give in; we do not want to go on like this. For children born today, would not be good if we had an anti-smoking New Zealand for them?” Excise tax increases … Bassam Tabar said any efforts by the Government, would have made any difference if it did not hit a long bout of bronchitis, which did hurt to smoke.

Smoking is as important to her as food. This is a pack of cigarettes was a necessity, not luxury. No matter what price she would pay for it. “It does not matter how the food gets expensive, you have to buy it,” says Bassam Tabar. “It’s the same thing. I would not be stopped.”

California cigarette tax

Down by 63,000 votes, the initiative to be voted for a $ 1 per pack tax on cigarettes has been largely abandoned to die in the night on June 5 at Primary Election. Then, the election workers throughout California started counting the countless stacks of ballots – more than a million of them, mostly by mail within a day or two before the election or transfer to the polls.

The gap in the vote on the tobacco tax, Proposition 29, has started to narrow. And narrow. On Friday night, the margin of defeat was reduced to 16,778 votes – or four-tenths of 1 percent. “I think we’re still definitely in it,” said Jim Knox, California Division American Cancer Society, one of the main supporters of the Yes campaign 29. “In any case, it looks like it will be coming as the result of the vote in recent history -. If you do not ever”

Knox remains cautious for good reason. This measure was back on 29,000 a week ago, 42,000 on Thursday and then fell to the smallest gap on Friday. But the chances of 29 winning campaigns are taking off for a long time: about 52 percent of the remaining 436,000 countless ballots must contribute to measures that would fund research into cancer and anti-smoking campaign. The proposal has reached or exceeded the level of support in only 16 out of 58 counties in California.

“It’s not very likely, not if he gets the vast majority of the outstanding ballots in districts where it feels very good,” said Stephen Weir, Contra Costa County registrar of voters. In countless ballots were counted, some of the biggest gains came from large districts, where support for tobacco taxes received strong support, including Alameda, Contra Costa and Santa Clara. The measure also took land in San Diego County, where he is still behind by 1 percent. The measure took a minute increase – 0.2 percent – in voter-rich Los Angeles County, where she continues to lose by 1.2 percent, election figures show.

A spokesman for 29 campaigns is not funded by the tobacco industry, said the campaign was happy to remain in “such a good position.” “Coming out of the election night with 60,000-plus vote lead, we always felt in a good position to hold on and be successful when all the votes are counted,” said Beth Miller. “We do not see anything at this point, to lead us to believe anything else.” Counting may continue to fluctuate until 6 July, the deadline for county elections officials to provide certified results. After the official announcement of the results, every voter has the right to demand a recount, but requests must be made by counties and paid by the person making the request.

Proposition 29 will add $ 1 per pack tax on cigarettes to raise about $ 860 million a year to study tobacco-related diseases and prevention programs. The American Cancer Society and cycling champion Lance Armstrong, cancer survivor, was one of the biggest supporters of this measure, raising more than $ 11 million to support the ballot initiative. Tobacco giant Philip Morris USA and RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company poured nearly $ 47 million in “no” campaign and joined the fight against tax and business groups.

Fluctuating counts are common in a few weeks after Election Day, and countless ballots are processed and updated from time to time, countries. Some registrars to wait until all ballots are counted, to report their voting update, others do it as they go. “Having received through this experience before, I always caution against making bold predictions of victory or defeat, until it is mathematically impossible for any other result,” said Democratic political consultant Brian Brokaw.

Brokaw worked as a consultant for the campaign of the democratic state Attorney General Kamala Harris, DA in 2010, when Harris defeated Republican Steve Cooley, Los Angeles District Attorney, by less than 1 percentage point. Cooley, in effect, declared victory on election night. A few hours after he walked on stage in the Beverly Hilton Hotel to deliver the news, Cooley was back. Over the next three weeks, 2300000 more ballots were counted, the leading switches back and forth, until Harris finally pulled ahead for good.

“The vote will swing in the hundreds, sometimes thousands,” Brokaw said. “We were careful never to get our hopes too high.”

Regardless of the outcome, the fact that the initiative in tobacco taxes accounted for a significant ground after the Election Day drew attention to the campaign and election experts.

Figuring out what sways postal voters was decisive: almost half of the votes into a ballot by mail. Some speculate that they may be younger or busy parents a little free time, and their voices of liberal tendencies. Others believe they may have been swayed Yes 29 campaign ad, which aired at the end of the campaign.

“There’s a lot that happens in campaigns at the end. There are probably more people who are still waiting,” said Secretary of State Debra Bowen, the chief elections official in California.

Bowen dismissed the conventional wisdom that conservatives usually sooner-mail newsletters and liberals end. As you can see, she says, is that most partisan Republicans and Democrats tend to send their ballots early, because they make up their minds early on.

Late ballots tend to reflect the results of the traditional polling stations, she said.

With regard to the apparent end of the surge proposal 29, it does not express an opinion. Too many factors were in play, she said, the new “top two” primary system, counties, and millions spent on independent campaign expenditures.

“Was it a pizza or a beer that caused you to gain 15 pounds during their first year in college?” she joked.