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State prisons allow prisoners to have a cigarette at work centers

Corrections officials quietly canceled a total ban on tobacco at prisons this summer and currently are allowing inmates to work release centers have up to 10 packs of cigarettes each.

downloadDepartment of Corrections officials say they lifted the ban on tobacco products in the programs of work release because they did not want the prisoners are so close to the end of their sentences would have to return to jail for breaking the rules .

But the American Lung Association called the move a mistake.

” I’m surprised ,” said Brenda Olsen , chief operating officer of the American Lung Association in Florida.

Olsen said her present government “set a good example” in the form of a ban or restrict tobacco use.

The switch has less than two years after the DOC did all tobacco products in closed prisons, labor camps and centers of release September 30, 2011.

“The decision to Eliminate smoking and tobacco use has been made for umensheniyameditsinskih costs associated with exposure to tobacco , and eliminate second -hand smoke non-smokers , ” the agency said in April 2011, when the ban was announced .

The ban also applies to prison workers, who can not bring cigarettes into the hall, and visitors. Those sentenced to death are allowed to buy two packs of smokeless tobacco per week.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons and more than half of the other states also prohibit tobacco in prisons nozaprety created a new demand for cigarettes, a valuable commodity in prison.

During the six-month period shortly after the Florida ban went into effect, nearly 30,000 inmates or staff were caught with a tobacco smuggling , according to the annual report Doc . The report did not say how many of the culprits were the staff, and how many of them were prisoners.

The new rules of the camp came into force on June 13 and allow about 3,800 inmates in work programs have up to 10 packs of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco or 20 cigars, as well as a disposable lighter.

Rationale: Sentenced to work release can access to cigarettes, chewing tobacco or other products while they are in society.

“The department is determined after evaluation, it was more effective use of resources is not naytizaklyuchennogo in violation , which could potentially result in him / her to go back to prison for possession of tobacco, when so far ahead in the transition back into the community , we hope as a productive citizen, ” DOC spokeswoman Jessica said Carey.

Carey said there were “quite a few such incidents,” the prisoners and sent back to prison secretly smoking or other tobacco products in the work release center, but no data was immediately available on how widespread the problem is. Prison guards and other employees also were caught smuggling of tobacco products to ensure prisoners, Carey said.

But making sure that prisoners without tobacco before they are sent home will help them live a healthier life and save their money as soon as they are released, said Olsen.

“We know how addictive tobacco products,” said Olsen. “This is a great opportunity for these people to begin their journey to the availability of smoke-free life.”

Government tax on tobacco plants

Brits caught his snuff agriculture were warned that they could face a hefty fine if they do not pay tax on their hiding place.

images (1)In recent years, some smokers have taken to buying tobacco seeds from companies such as Plantation House Tobacco Company and the seeds before planting them in their gardens.

Currently, a 20-pack of cigarettes costs between £ 7 and £ 8 and 25gram pack of rolling tobacco is sold for around £ 8.

A standard size allocation of 500 plants is enough to get up to 54 kg of tobacco – which will cost more than £ 8,000 in the shops.

But smokers with green fingers can face the long arm of the law if they do not tell the taxman about your stocks – even if it is intended for personal use only.

Last night a representative of HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) said: “Anyone growing tobacco at home to smoke should ensure that they pay the tax legally due, otherwise they could face a fine or have tobacco seized.”

HMRC told us a private person must pay a fee for any tobacco products they have produced, even if they are growers for their own consumption.

Campaigners have hit back at the crackdown.

Matthew Sinclair of the TaxPayers’ Alliance said: “It’s ridiculous that Britain’s complex tax code means you could end up being charged just for growing plants in your back yard.

“The taxman is determined to get every penny he can from people who just want to enjoy the smoke.

“High taxes on tobacco have not only hit ordinary people hardest, they also heat the black market time for a rethink.”

Angela Harbutt, the pro-smoking lobby group Forest, said: “I understand that HMRC should have a rule on this, but I seriously hope they do not waste their valuable resources chasing that grow something in their garden that clearly small scale.

“It strikes me as a bit funny.”

Grow-your’s-own Company shows no signs of slowing up.

Internet based-Plantation House says that one tobacco plant can produce millions of seeds, although it is illegal to sell or give it away.

The company’s website states the seeds of tobacco have increased as a result of the feeling that they have been “driven underground and banned in public places of anti-smoking lobbyists.”

He adds: “The pricing structure in the world wide doesn’t reflect the true cost of tobacco, more than a means of increasing taxes.”

Men drink less when they pay more for cigarettes

Raising taxes on cigarettes, it turned out, the fall in tobacco consumption. No shock there, if something costs more, people tend to limit the purchase. But a study published on Friday that high taxes on cigarettes is also associated with a reduction in the consumption of alcohol, at least among men and young adult smokers.

getty_rr_photo_of_man_drinking_beer_and_smokingAccording to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 46 million Americans both smoke and drink. And previous studies have shown that “smokers drink more,” Ali Yurasek, a doctoral student of psychology at the University of Memphis, who has studied the link, told NBC News.

The new study – conducted by researchers from Yale, Stanford and the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York, and published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research – compared to nearly 11,000 people in 31 countries, the increase in cigarette taxes between 2001 – 2002 and 2004-2005, with the same number of people from 15 states, where taxes have remained the same.

The use of recorded alcohol consumption between the two periods of time, both in the national epidemiological research on alcohol and related conditions, the researchers were able to track any differences.

“What our analysis shows is the relationship between the increase in cigarette taxes and lower alcohol consumption of the general population, those in male smokers, male hazardous drinkers, smokers and young adults in particular,” Sherry A. McKee, associate professor of Psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine, and one of the study’s authors, said in an interview.

Male smokers drank about 15% less alcohol per session, and about seven binged less than once a year in the states with tax hikes on tobacco products, compared with male smokers who were not hit with higher taxes.

Young adult smokers in the 18-29 states that have raised taxes on cigarettes cut episodes of drunkenness in the year by nearly one quarter. Again, the effect was mainly males.

“This is pretty consistent with the concept of behavioral economics,” said Yurasek, who recently published a paper showing smokers are willing to pay more for alcohol than non-smokers.

This is because the cigarettes and booze go together like chips and downs. This is what economists call “complementary” as burgers and buns and coffee and sugar.

McKee said that this epidemiological study does not prove cause and effect, because it may not control for a number of other possible factors, such as people moving from one state to another between the time periods, and the fact that the study relies on self-reports of alcohol.

Nevertheless, the apparent effect makes sense, as the difference between men and women in the study.

First, the use of alcohol and nicotine together is “additive” effect on the brain, said Mackey.

Laboratory studies in animals have shown that exposure to a key part of the brain involved in reward and motivation for nicotine increases the response of dopamine neurons-emitting habits. In other words, the nicotine can make drinking seem more fruitful. Laboratory animals treated with nicotine will drink more booze.

When asked what her results may say about the present, “electronic cigarette” craze, McKee said that while the devices have not been studied specifically for interaction with alcohol, research has shown “that when nicotine is running and other forms of away from cigarettes or tobacco, we are seeing an increase in the consumption of alcohol.”

Tobacco tax and American drug policy

Among my colleagues in the open fields of health and drug abuse, I’m almost one in hatred of President Obama proposed a doubling of federal cigarette taxes. My reservations stem from the hard lessons of U.S. drug policy.

iAypG0ciTznsAs recently pointed out drug policy expert Dr. Peter Reuter, anti-tobacco supporters see the smoking rate as the only indicator of public policies success. When it comes down – as it almost always is in response to higher taxes – they are welcome without reservation. I passionately want more Americans to kick the habit of smoking. But I’m worried about how the extremely high taxes on tobacco expansion of the black market, which in turn can cause a draconian response of law enforcement.

In New York, legal, fully taxed pack of cigarettes costs $ 10-15, Chicago prices are only slightly lower. The working class and the poor are dependent smokers (ie, the majority of smokers) so face greater temptation to enter into the black market. Columbia University professor Shelley Cantrell documented that “$ 5 a person” – street vendor untaxed cigarette black market – is now common feature of life in low-income areas of New York City neighborhoods.

Extremely high taxes on cigarettes are widely evaded. Professor David Merriman of the University of Illinois at Chicago, organized team apparently did not squeamish researchers collect discarded cigarette packs from garbage cans and sidewalks in the 100 districts of Chicago neighborhoods. He found that 75%  had no tax stamp, which indicates that on the black market or gray market of origin.

On-the-board increase in federal tobacco taxes not only to expand the black markets high-tax areas, it would also help to eliminate widespread cigarette smuggling high-tax states to states where cigarette taxes are ridiculously low. Such smuggling is not determined by the cash-strapped college kids with a few boxes in their backpacks. Organized criminal groups, and even terrorist organizations, are major players in the lucrative trade.

The most common policy response to the exploding of illegal cigarette trade is familiar to those skilled in the illegal drug policy: Do away with law enforcement. Arrest sweeps and tough prison sentences are now proposed government policy in Canada, where an estimated 15% of all cigarette sales are illegal. Get a Tough proposals also in the process of discussion is U.S. cities such as New York and Philadelphia. Of course, the New York City police are capable of rounding hordes $ 5 men (most of whom are people of color, low-income) and sending them into already overcrowded prisons, but the experience of illicit drug policy shows that to be a lose-lose proposition.

The task of the federal tax policy on cigarettes therefore is to avoid feeding the black market high-tax states to reduce cross-state operations, smuggling of tobacco products, and to increase tobacco taxes in states where taxes have room to grow without creating black markets. Flat tax increase on tobacco products cannot serve all three goals, but more creative tax policy could.

If we imagine for the sake of argument, that the $ 1.50-$ 2.50 package was the original selected range to receive a federal tax generosity, which will give 28 states below this range an incentive to hike state taxes. Citizens in these countries are much less smoke, better health and a full recovery of the state budget for the costs of smoking. And from another state gang of smugglers of tobacco will have far less incentive to maintain a presence in the state.

High-tax states would reap little net income from that part of the tax, which they made more than $ 2.50 a package Because of the loss of federal tax credits. This will give them an incentive to stop further growth or even cut back. This can have the effect of reducing the frequency of abysmal price level smoking cessation, but the same state benefit in terms of reducing the black market. As for the state revenue received by the state in a lot more money from a lower tax that people actually pay higher than the tax that is evaded by 75% of the time.

In states at the top of the federal stimulus range where further increase in taxation could reduce smoking only on the cost of production of black markets returned federal taxes can be used as the state sees fit. This can and should include attempts to reduce smoking in other ways. In the states, the federal stimulus below the range, the state legislative raise taxes in order to receive federal dollars, thereby reducing the level of smoking their inhabitants, without creating a large black market. And in all states, a rough adjustment of prices across the country will collapse profit cross-state ring smuggling of tobacco products.

Tobacco companies pursue “safer” cigarettes

A major tobacco company seems serious about the development of a low-risk cigarette, sponsoring of clinical trials with prototypes containing reduced levels of toxic components.

image-05-largeLondon-based British American Tobacco said on Monday that it will begin a 6-month controlled trial “reduced toxicant” cigarettes, in which the effects on the respiratory function will be measured in current smokers.

It follows an earlier, shorter study published last month, which evaluated prototypes for effects on blood bio-markers of exposure to toxicant substances.

The prototypes described in this study contained tars and nicotine at level like conventional cigarettes, but with a reduced content of a variety of nitrosamines, aromatic amines, carbonyls, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

The new study, the protocol for which was published in Biomed Central Public Health, won’t come to satisfying FDA requirements for marketing reduced-risk cigarettes. The agency said in a guidance document published last year that it would need studies that assess multiple aspects of the overall impact of these products on public health, in addition to the direct impact on the health of the users of the product. They are:

• Exposure to second-hand smoke on the product

• The impact on the overall user habits, such as smoking frequency and intensity of smoking inhalation

• The impact on the consumption of users of other tobacco products

• The likelihood that users will comply with any special instructions for using the

• The likelihood that users will later go on to other, more high-risk tobacco products

• Is the product availability will affect non-smokers or ex-smokers to start smoking or discourage current smokers from quitting tobacco completely

• Whether marketing a product may be affected by “the understanding and perception of consumers”

The regulations allow companies to market cigarettes as simply reducing exposure to harmful chemicals, avoiding the need to demonstrate improved clinical outcomes with respect to the health of users with respect to smoke regular cigarettes.

But the company must still show that the reduction of the impact of “a sufficient degree of probability produce are measurable and significant reduction in morbidity and mortality,” when evaluated in later studies.

These requirements are set out in the legislation in 2009 that gave the FDA authority to regulate tobacco products. This law prohibited the agency from banning cigarettes in whole or in order that the nicotine levels to be reduced to zero. But it did not authorize the FDA to require proof of any allegation that the new tobacco product is less risk to health than the existing ones.

The agency has since established two ways for new tobacco products to enter the market. One allows manufacturers to simply certify that the product is “substantially equivalent” to those that have already been sold. This route was opened last month with a formal FDA clearance of two Newport brand products sold by Lorillard Tobacco, though the agency said that thousands of others have been introduced with preliminary applications.

The second way is akin to FDA premarket approval process for medical equipment that requires rigorous clinical trials. Any tobacco products for which applications for reduced health risks are made have to be approved through this process. No applications have yet been received, agency officials said.

But BAT – producer Kent, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall cigarettes and brands, as well as cigars, loose tobacco and smokeless tobacco products – seems to be prepared to meet the stringent requirements of the FDA. New clinical study, which will be held in Germany, will enroll 260 healthy volunteers, including 140 smokers, 60 former smokers and 60 never-smokers.

Smokers will be randomized to usual, but unlabeled Lucky Silver Strike cigarettes or reduced toxicant product and told to smoke free for 6 months. Blood and urine samples will be collected for analysis of systemic exposure to toxicants, and measures the level of serum creatinine and creatinine in urine.

Cigarettes will come with filters that investigators will collect to measure the frequency of smoking. Participants will keep diaries.

In addition, the spirometry will be performed at baseline and after 6 months for measurement of forced expiratory flow, forced expiratory volume in one second, and peak expiratory flow rate.

Nonsmokers will not use cigarettes in the study, but will undergo spirometry and biomarker studies for comparison purposes.

Stanton Glantz, MD, of the University of California at San Francisco and a prominent anti-tobacco campaigner, said MedPage Today in an e-mail that the study was published neglect an important category of direct health consequences.

“It does not consider important cardiovascular effects that may be both short-term and long-term risk for development of heart disease, in particular, changes in the platelets and vascular endothelial function,” said Glanz.

He also questioned the decision to match the levels of tar in reduced toxicant prototype to those in the conventional product.

“Tar measures many bad things in cigarette smoke and such correspondence may mask biologically significant changes,” he said.

Booming E-cigarette industry raises questions on safety, regulation

At the end of last year – for the first time in more than four decades – Cigarette has made a return to television advertising as a manufacturer of electronic cigarettes NJOY broadcast location approved cable networks.

ecig_620x350NJOY CEO Craig Weiss told CBS News’ Jeff Glor he hopes to extend the e-cigarette ads in prime time programming as part of its mission to “old fashioned cigarettes.”

NJOY is the best-selling brand of electronic cigarette or “e-cigarette”, battery-powered device that simulates the sensation of smoking real cigarette nicotine by delivering a smoke-like vapor. There’s no tobacco or combustion, and when no breath, no smell.

As he explained Weiss NJOY electronic cigarette makers are aiming for a unique and superior experience.

“It’s not that I want to be as good as a cigarette. I would like to be better than cigarettes,” he said.

E-cigarettes have been around for almost ten years, but the industry has expanded rapidly over the last year.

In 2011, sales of electronic cigarettes come close to $ 300 million. In 2012, sales more than doubled, to $ 600 million, according to the June 2013 report Wells Fargo Securities Analysts say this year, sales are likely to triple to more than $ 1 billion.

300 million in 2011, 600 million in 2012

And while traditional cigarette manufacturers will rake in about $ 80 billion this year, NJOY Weiss says he is confident the “good guys” – in his opinion, the electronic cigarette manufacturers – eventually come out on top.

“We think it’s kind of a David vs. Goliath battle. We take on big tobacco,” Weiss said Glor. “They’re good Public Enemy, to have.”

However, some in the medical community – including Dr. Neil Schachter, a leading pulmonologist at Mount Sinai in New York Hospital – was not convinced that the electronic cigarette manufacturers of so-called good guys.

“Patients come in and say,” Gee, I tried this new form of cigarette. Great. I smoke a non-toxic form of cigarettes. I tell them, ‘I do not know. I do not know if it is non-toxic, “Miner told Glor.

The Food and Drug Administration currently does not regulate electronic cigarettes, so manufactures are not authorized to disclose the ingredients.

Most of the major brands boast the same list of ingredients: Nictone, water, artificial flavors, glycerin, and propylene glycol, an ingredient that creates a simulation of exhaled smoke.

FDA continually promised to propose regulations for electronic cigarettes and while organization refused to talk to CBS News on camera, they are issuing this statement: “Further studies are needed to assess the potential public health benefits and risks of electronic cigarettes and other novel tobacco products.”

The study could take years, according to Erika Sward, the American Lung Association

“We are very concerned that there is literally no federal oversight of these products. We do not know them. We do not know how they are used,” Sward explained.

“I hope that the electronic cigarette does not ultimately have the same god awful that regular exposure to tobacco had, but the jury is still out,” she added.

For his part, Weiss welcomes FDA regulation, explaining that it would enhance his vision of the future, where smoking is not enough health effects known to date.

“I have a three year old and six-year-old. And I want to grow up in a world where they can ask me one day:” So, wait a second, Dad. I do not understand. Earlier you this little thing on fire, and then you Put it in your mouth? I mean, how did that even work?'” Weiss said

Tobacco companies donate school tables

One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd has saved about 500 pupils from sitting on dusty floors in Geitasamo elementary school in the Serengeti after donating 157 desks for the public school with 793 students.

Geitasamo is rural state primary schools which continue to face a wide range of issues, which include acute shortage of classrooms, desks, textbooks and teachers’ houses in the wildlife rich area of the Serengeti to the Mara region. School teachers and students welcomed the donation tables describing it as a huge relief.


images!“Prior to this donation nearly 50% of our children were sitting on the floor, but now we are happy that no a child who will sit on the floor”, Geitasamo Primary School headteacher Daudi Kabaka said shortly after receiving the tables on Friday.

Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd Corporate Communications Manager, Mr. Khamis Liana handed over the donation to the brief function show pupils, teachers, parents, district officials Serengeti education and community leaders. “We, as the Alliance One, we are proud to be the transfer of these desks and Geitasamo today is one of the schools that have received a lot of support from us.


The request of the school was 157 tables, and we pass the 157 tables in the amount of 5.4 ml. Nothing has been cut with your request, “Mr. Lian said. Tobacco Company, he said, was spending millions of shillings to support education, health and the environment in different parts of the country.

“In education, we respond to problems such as lack of school desks, as we have done here today. We also offer tutorials,” Mr. Lian said in his brief speech. Previously, Mr. Liana, who was accompanied in charge of Alliance One Tanzania Ltd Mara leaves manager Mr. James Gichuche, spent a few minutes checking some trees that were planted in Geitasamo primary school with the support of the tobacco companies.


Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd was the first company to support the introduction of tobacco growing in the Mara region. Tobacco is now seen as the best option for the majority of farmers in various villages in the Serengeti, seeing that it can save them from extreme poverty.

Hundreds of farmers have earned more than 8 million – after selling more than 2,520 tons of Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd for the season, according to officials of the Serengeti. Many villages have embarked on tobacco cultivation in the district are the homes of many families who are experiencing economic difficulties in the past.


Officials say the Serengeti District Council earned about 400 ml revenue from tobacco during the same period. This year, the government allowed large-scale production of tobacco in Serengeti, Tarime and Rorya districts in Mara Region. Mara Regional Commissioner John Tupa said that the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives support commercial farming of tobacco in the area.


Sale of tobacco products before Monday tax hike

Abed Abuhadid has one word to announces the business in his tobacco shop in the days before the increase in the cigarette tax by $ 1.60 a pack.

Business-taxes-270x300One of his clients store at the Smoke & Cigar Depot in Waite Park, Phyllis Zimmerman, pats a plastic bag she keeps that hung cigarettes cartons.

“It’s eight boxes,” Zimmerman said. “I think it’s stocking up.”

The cigarette tax rise will come into force on Monday, the first day of 2014 state fiscal year, along with a number of other changes to the state law passed during the 2013 Minnesota’s 2013 legislative session.

Abuhadid has ruled Smoke Shop for 16 years, during which time he had seen a few cigarette tax rise. But this is the greatest thing he’s seen by far, more than doubled in the package of state tax from $ 1.25 to $ 2.90, according to the House Public Information Services.

Supporters say the move will encourage some smokers to quit and to reduce public health costs of smoking, in addition to generating new tax revenues.

But Abuhadid doubt the tax increase will be additional revenue for the state. He says that some heavy smokers will go to surrounding states to buy cigarettes instead. In addition, he said that more customers roll their own cigarettes and smoking electronic cigarettes to save money.

Another of his clients, Kathy Nyberg of Avon, said she was trying to quit smoking in part because of higher taxes. At the same time, however, she is not a fan of the move. “I think it stinks,” said Nyberg.

Two new sales taxes on businesses takes some effects on Monday for transaction that were are not subject to the tax. They apply to companies that buy electronic and commercial repair and telecommunications equipment.

Dream Act

Some students living in the country illegally can get a living teaching in colleges and universities of Minnesota and state financial aid under the new law.

Dream Act is part of a broader higher education that the budget law shall come into effect on Monday. The law also freezes the training of students for the next two years in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, including Saint-Cloud State University and St. Cloud and Technical College.

Students without documentation will be eligible for resident tuition and state financial aid if they meet certain criteria, such as having attended high school for at least three years in Minnesota, in compliance with the requirements for selective service, and to prove they are applied, to have legal status, if such a process is established at the federal level. Director of the state institutions of higher education expects about 755 students in the state of Minnesota will take advantage from the new rules. The office is in the process of preparing an application for such students, said its spokesman, Sandy Connolly.

St. Cloud-area parks and trails will benefit from nearly $ 3 million in funding through grants to Minnesota’s Clean Water, Land and Legacy Amendment.

The grants are going to go out for the two-year budget cycle, which begins on Monday. They include a $ 1 million Sauk River Regional Park in Sartell, $ 1,000,000 to extend the Lake Wobegon Regional Trail and $ 930,000 to extend the Rocori Trail.

The funding River Juice Regional Park – the proposed park across the river from the juice of Whitney Park on the Sartell’s South edge – would be for land acquisition, trail improvement and other improvements.

Lake Wobegon Trail boosters want to extend the trail from its terminus in St. Joseph into downtown St. Cloud. A proposed first phase of the expansion would bring the trail River’s Edge Park in Waite Park.

Rocori Trail backers want to connect Cold Spring and Rockville to the existing trail. This would allow access to the two regional parks in Rockville: Rockville County Park and Park Eagle.

FDA announces first decisions on new tobacco products

In March, I became the director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), after spending more than three decades working on FDA-related issues, including a seven-year stint at FDA from 1993-2000. From 1997-2000 I was the first director of the agency’s office of tobacco programs. Since I returned FDA, CTP has made significant progress on many fronts. I look forward to discussing my strategic goals and priorities for the future blog post, but today I want to share some information about priority-review decisions regarding tobacco products.

tobacco_iconToday, for the first time since received FDA authority to regulate tobacco products identified, the agency authorized the marketing of two new tobacco products through substantial equivalence (SE) pathway, while denying the marketing of the four other new products.

These actions are unprecedented and mark the beginning of other upcoming decisions related to the marketing of new tobacco products. Substantial equivalence is one way manufacturers can use to market new tobacco product. To do this, the manufacturer must prove that their product has the same characteristics as the actual formerly marketed tobacco products, which we call the predicate product, or if the new product has different characteristics that it does not raise different questions of public health.

SE representations require careful study. FDA is responsible for protecting public health, and to do that, we are working to ensure that any new tobacco product brought to market by the way does not introduce more harm to public health than the actual product predicate specified by the manufacturer.

Today’s SE orders allow the marketing of two new Lorillard Tobacco Company Tobacco Newport Non-Menthol gold box 100s and Newport Non-Menthol gold box. The agency has found these two products are substantially equivalent to the predicate products based on materials of the company and other readily available science and information to demonstrate that each product will not pose more harm to public health than the predicate.

It is important to emphasize that the decision does not in itself mean that the Agency considers the product to be safe, and its not-FDA approved. SE decision only means that the new product does not cause various public health issues, compared to the predicate product.

The FDA has also released the first non-equivalent, or NSE, orders denying marketing of four new tobacco products after discovering that the products have different characteristics from their products predicate and that the applicant does not fully show that the new products did not raise different questions of public health.

FDA had been working diligently to address all the pending SE submissions. We know it took some time, but expect that the process will move more quickly in the future all the participants get more experience. FDA proposed to feedback from the industry about the requirements for substantial equivalence, and will continue to provide such feedback. We also created a new Web page that tracks SE decision on the date and provides general information on how the FDA to market new tobacco products. Our goal is to work through the remaining SE submissions in a consistent, transparent and predictable manner.

FDA graphic health warnings

When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) imposes new graphic health warnings for tobacco products, they can survive First Amendment challenge if they depict the health consequences and their effectiveness is confirmed by adequate scientific data, says Georgetown University Medical Center, an expert on public Health and counsel.

imagesGraphic tobacco warning labels that combine images with health warnings, a widely used tool for reducing tobacco use in other countries, but the tobacco industry claims that they are unconstitutional in the United States.

In the analysis of the legal and scientific issues for graphic health warnings published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, John Kremer, JD, MPH, defines how the courts are likely to analyze the graphic warnings and determine what health evidence must be presented in order to survive legal challenge. Kramer is an assistant professor of health systems administration at Georgetown University School of Nursing and Medical Research, and a member of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law.

Despite the fact that smoking kills 443,00 Americans each year, Kramer says, “The United States has some of the weakest tobacco warning labels in the world, and they have not been updated in nearly 30 years.”

In 2009, Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act requiring graphic warning labels on tobacco products, giving the FDA authority to specify the images and text that should be included. FDA released nine graphic warnings in June 2011, but withdrew them after two federal appeals courts have come to opposite conclusions about their constitutionality.

Although there is ambiguity over what constitutional rule will be applied in a lawsuit to labels, Kramer argues that it is possible for the FDA to address the two most likely standards of rational basis review and an interim review, with the right scientific data.

Kremer says the label is likely that, in accordance with a rational basis review, and will almost certainly prevail “if the court will issue a warning against deception past the industry.” He says that some courts have applied this review to be unquestionable, factual warnings such as information intended to help consumers make healthier decisions.

The second possibility is an interim review, which requires a strong public interest and greater confidence that the warning labels are effective.

“Under this review, the FDA, could probably win, but it will turn on how well the government will be able to convince the courts of some empirical evidence”, explains Kramer. “Providing clear evidence of graphic warning labels impact on smokers themselves or for a causal mechanism by which they reduce smoking will meet the test of the court.”

He adds that the FDA should also take care to avoid images that can be interpreted as an opinion and not the facts or do not show the negative health consequences of smoking, such as images previously received FDA, which depicted a man with no – smoking sign on his shirt.

Reynolds American launch of the e-cig updated

Reynolds American Inc. launches an updated version of its Vuse brands of electronic cigarettes – which promises to give users a “perfect puff” – in Colorado, with its sights set on expanding nationally.

images (1)The expansion represents a further push the tobacco giant in fast-growing business and this trend will continue.

The move announced Thursday the owner of the second-largest tobacco company in the country is his first State of the e-cigarette distribution and is the latest in industry-wide push to diversify beyond the traditional cigarette business, which is becoming more rigid in terms of raising taxes, smoking bans, health concerns and social stigma.

Winston-Salem, NC, company that sells Camel, Pall Mall and Natural American Spirit cigarettes and Grizzly smokeless tobacco, do not reveal the exact size of Colorado retailers should begin in July or deadlines for national implementation. Will include the launch of an advertising campaign that will include TV commercials – a place companied tobacco marketing has long been a traditional cigarette smoking.

Electronic Cigarette battery powered devices that heat the liquid nicotine solution, creating steam that mainstream users. Some e-cigarettes are made to look like a real cigarette with a tiny light on the tip that glows. The devotees tout them as a way to break the dependence on real cigarettes. They insist address of the device and the nicotine addiction and the behavioral aspects of smoking without the more than 4,000 chemicals found in cigarettes.

Although many smokers try e-cigarettes, some switch completely, because “products on the market today simply do not meet their expectations,” Stephanie Cordisco, president of the RJ Reynolds Co. couple, told the Associated Press before the announcement. The company has tested the electronic cigarette in North Carolina and Virginia for about a year.

E-cigarettes to maintain “a familiar ritual of cigarettes,” but most of the more than 250 brands – hand-built and imported from abroad – have a taste and performance problems, Cordisco said. And unlike their Marlboro or Camel cigarette smokers who can see the empty package delivery, smokers using their electronic counterparts often can not tell when they are close to running out of battery or vapors.

Reynolds believes that its updated electronic cigarette “supplies that smokers want” to deal with these problems, Cordisco said.

Vuse Rechargeable Electronic Cigarette is a technology that controls and regulates the heat and power more than 2,000 times per second, which provides a constant delay. It also has a smart light on the tip, so that users know when it gets low, replace or recharge.

Single e-cigarette cartridges and lasting for about as long as one pack of traditional cigarettes is expected to cost about $ 10 and will include a charger USB. Reynolds is also set to be sold for about $ 30, which will include one electronic cigarette, three cartridges and charger USB. Additional cartridges both original and menthol flavor will also be sold as a two-for about $ 6.

The market of electronic cigarettes has grown to thousands of users in 2006 to several million worldwide. Analysts estimate that sales could double this year to $ 1 billion. Some even said to consumption of electronic cigarettes can outperform traditional cigarette consumption in the next decade. Tobacco company executives said that even electronic cigarettes have gone the total volume of the cigarette industry down about 600 million cigarettes, or about 1 percent, in the first quarter, with the exception of online sales – the main way for electronic cigarette purchases.

Altria Group, owner of the country’s biggest cigarette maker, Philip Morris USA, announced in April, a subsidiary plans to introduce an electronic cigarette during the second half of this year. The company is expected to provide detailed information about their products to an investor meeting on Tuesday. Lorillard Inc., the third-largest tobacco company of the country, has acquired the electronic cigarette maker Blu Ecigs in April 2012.

In recent comments to the industrial group, Mitch Zeller, the new head of the tobacco Food and Drug control efforts, said that changes in the market have forced the public health, to deal with the fact that some tobacco products such as electronic cigarettes may be less of a danger health than others. FDA intends to assert regulatory authority for electronic cigarettes in the near future. State health officials say the safety of electronic cigarettes and their effectiveness in helping people quit smoking regular, have not been fully explored.

Tough measures needed to regulate the cigarette industry

The government should make effective efforts to regulate the local tobacco industry in order to prevent the entry of contraband and counterfeit cigarettes in the domestic market as it is bad for the local sector.

bY2QG9ZoHX217Ls08Z1vkDl72eJkfbmt4t8yenImKBVaiQDB_Rd1H6kmuBWtceBJThe World No Tobacco Day is celebrated on May 31, and it is generally sees a lot of groups to join forces under the banner campaign every year to reduce the level of tobacco consumption.

“Some of the anti-smoking enthusiasts to take it a step up, and focus on the tobacco industry, under the assumption that effort is likely to lead to the elimination of smoking. Actually, though, most of these efforts are hitting just legal industry, while providing an undue advantage flourishing illegal tobacco industry, “the expert said the tobacco industry.

In Pakistan, the legitimate tobacco industry provides employment and livelihoods of more than one million people, including farmers, distributors and retailers, which are the direct affectees any impact on legitimate industry players.

Market sources said that in the absence of legal tobacco industry in Pakistan, cigarette smugglers and tax evaders will rule the market. Contraband cigarettes, which will then be available in the market will be able to avoid severe legal restrictions and will come without the mandatory health warnings. Prices, of course, will be much lower, as the responsibilities avoided as a result of what these products are low quality within the reach of millions of new consumers, mostly young people.

They said that in a world where the legitimate tobacco industry does not exist, well-distributed network of criminals would be ready and waiting to step in and take over.

The reality is that even in the absence of the legitimate tobacco industry, adults who have made a conscious decision to smoke will continue to do so. But instead of buying their legal taxed cigarettes made by the legitimate tobacco companies and sold reputable retailers, consumers will turn to black market sources in order to get what they want, “the sources said.

This is probably the time to encourage them not to choose the path of least resistance, which is about bashing the legal industry players and suppliers, and to focus on solving tough problems on the ground such as the lack of enforcement leads to an increase in the black market, sources added .

 I was just puffing on a piece of plastic, until one day I did not. He acted as a pacifier, and it did its job getting my body through the withdrawal.

Also, the reason people gain weight when they quit smoking because they take craving hunger pang, and they eat. Whenever that happened, I would just drink a large glass of water and a sense of leaves.

The most important thing is to mentally prepare and have a support system. Set your quit date a month or so in advance, tell everyone you know that you are leaving, and then show them you can do it. They will be there for you, and they will be proud of you.

I know it sounds simple, but if your mind is to quit smoking, it’s that simple. You may not have time or two, but on the way you will find what works for you and what does not.

If you succeed, you’ll be flipping your nose not only to the taxman, who is just going to keep steadily coming to you, but in an industry that makes products designed to hook you, turn you into Pigpen and eventually kill you

Italian tobacco industry wrestling with electronic cigarettes

The Italian union of tobacco operators last week appealed to the regional court of Lazio, in an attempt to block the sale of electronic cigarettes.

imagesThe case is the latest in a series of measures taken by the tobacco industry, which believes that the spread of electronic cigarettes trade is being replaced with a hammer forged trade and smuggling.

The Italian government has not yet fully regulated electronic cigarette phenomenon, and there are doubts about its potential impact on human health and the economy.

“Its unfair competition,” says Enzo Perrotta, president of the Union of the operators of tobacco in a press release. Perrotta said that e-cigarettes should be taxed in the same way as traditional, and that their distribution should be done selectively. “Electronic cigarettes way to consume nicotine, they just sell cigarettes in liquid form.”

There are currently more than 1,000 stores and nearly 400,000 customers, according to Anafe, an association representing the interests of the industry, “electronic smoking” in Italy. A recent survey showed that of Doxa 10800000 tobacco users, 20 percent use or intends to use electronic cigarettes.

The turnover of electronic cigarettes was 90 million euros ($ 11.5 million) in 2012, a 25 percent increase over the previous year, according to the Italian consumer association.

The “traditional” tobacco industry has been hit hard.

“There is a very large drop in consumption due to smuggling, counterfeiting and distribution of electronic cigarettes,” said John Risso, national president of the Federation of the Italian tobacco (FIT) in a statement. “If the trend of reducing the consumption of manufactured tobacco continues, the impact on employment would be devastating: about 20,000 jobs would be in grave danger.”

The frame work of the law surrounding e-cigarettes began to grow.

Since May 1, electronic cigarettes have become subject to the same prohibition on sales to minors, as regular cigarettes, after a study conducted by the Italian Institute of Health. E-cigarettes have been banned in trains and domestic flights. Coldogno city in the province of Vicenza was the first to ban them in public buildings.

The European Respiratory Society believes that they are a serious threat to health, due to the possibility that the fluids used can contain toxic substances.

The Italian Institute of Health report said: “The e-cigarettes are of concern to public health due to the fact that they can be dangerous initiation to regular cigarettes.”

But supporters argue that instead of the gateway to nicotine addiction, electronic cigarettes offer a way to break apart the harmful “traditional” tobacco cigarettes. The study found that 70% of consumers Doxa use electronic cigarettes as a way to quit smoking.

“I used to smoke more than a pack a day,” says the executive of pharmaceutical company, who asked to remain anonymous, “then I tried [electronic cigarettes] through a friend. I stopped using traditional cigarettes. I feel better physically, and I’m saving money. I am amazed at the controversy regarding the alleged harm of electronic cigarettes. I think it’s a matter of losing money to a government that can not be applied to tax them yet.

Cigarettes Reviewed Releases

E Cigarettes Reviewed today released a new survey of White Cloud cigarettes, highlighting the important information of any electronic cigarette user needs to know before making a purchase.

imagesReviews are invaluable resources for any consumer, but to find a reliable website is not easy. Internet is flooded with overly positive reviews, as highlighted by the recent fiasco of Amazon review of e-books, so that e-cigarette users and smokers looking to make the switch flock to trusted sites, such as the Electronic Cigarette Reviews.

The site’s 2013 White Cloud Cigarettes review puts one of the leading brands in the market under the microscope, giving readers the objective information they need to make an informed decision.

The White Cloud electronic cigarette review aims variety of Cirrus Starter Kit for the test. Kit costs $ 109.95 and comes with three batteries – Cirrus 2, 3, and 3X – five cartridges; a USB charger and AC adapter, offering smokers everything they need to get started with electronic cigarettes. Users simply screw the cartridge end to the battery attachment and inhale the steam at the same time; they would smoke from a cigarette.

E Cigarette Reviewed tackles each element of the electronic cigarette in the review. It analyzes the packaging and design, the nicotine level is proposed, the couple made available flavors, battery performance, quality manufacturing, and guarantees that users get the full picture.

In general, the review is positive, and the manufacturer has been awarded the coveted space on the top 10 list site – entering at number three. The review welcomes the e-cigarette vapor production, flavor selection, battery life and a wide range of nicotine levels, as well as evidence of the quality of production.

It’s not all positive, however. Reviewed cigarette E indicates some problem with the product, primarily nicotine levels that are widely separated, which makes it difficult for users who want to reduce their nicotine intake. In a review of a white cloud cigarettes also indicates that the manufacturer does not offer e-liquid (used to refill reusable cartridges with nicotine-infused liquid) or manual battery, which is preferred by many vapers veteran.

White Cloud cigarettes review gives readers a comprehensive look at this leading option, and it is vital reading for anyone who wants to kick their tobacco habits.

About E Cigarette Reviews:

E cigarette review is the leading source of electronic cigarette reviews. E Cigarette Reviewed seeks to ensure transparency of the electronic cigarette industry through extensive testing and analysis of the latest products on the market and offer an unbiased opinion of users.


David Cameron stubs out plan for cigarettes in simple packages

David Cameron has ditched plans to force tobacco companies to sell cigarettes in plain packets because of concerns about restrictions on personal liberty, senior Tory sources revealed last night.

ZigarettenpackungHealth ministers have considered the motion for a year after the campaign argues that flexible packaging will make smoking less attractive.

But in a move that has delighted civil liberties groups, the Prime Minister said that they would forget to prevent other extension of the “nanny state”.

After rumors last week that the proposed legislation to enforce the ban, was scrubbed from the Queen speech Wednesday, Downing Street source confirmed that the politicians really were completely eliminated.

Tory ministers have determined that the coalition will not repeat the mistakes of the previous government’s labor and the risk is seen as overbearing and restriction of personal freedom.

The source said: “This sentence is not going to be in the Queen’s Speech and the government does not see this as a priority. It’s not going to be continued.”

Anti-smoking campaign would ban based on previous measures to reduce smoking, including a ban on smoking in public places.

They argue that the attractive branding is one of the elements that can make smoking appear glamorous, especially among children and adolescents.

Cameron had originally been willing to consider packing a prohibition on health grounds alone.

But he was convinced that this measure could cost jobs in the packaging industry, and could lead to a £ 3 billion in lost tax revenue.

The Prime Minister also sought to shed limiting questions from the governments programmed to concentrate on their core Tory messages on issues such as economic growth, immigration and welfare.

In a similar move earlier this year, it has revised its plans for the introduction of a minimum price for alcohol as a result of fears that responsible consumers feel that they have been penalized for the misbehavior of a small number of hardened binge drinkers.

The ban on cigarette packaging has been tested in Australia, but the authorities have recognized, there is little evidence of measures have reduced smoking rates

FIN Electronic Cigarette maker hires BB & T to review rate

FIN Branding Group LLC, a closely held manufacturer of electronic cigarettes, has kept BB & T Corporation (BBT), to evaluate the bids as private equity firms and tobacco companies seeking to enter the market for an alternative to smoking.


imagessBB & T is “growing and sustainable” The number of requests, FIN CEO Elliot Maisel, 58, said yesterday by phone. Possible buyers include tobacco and pharmaceutical companies as well as private equity firms, he said, refusing to identify companies that have expressed interest.

The consumption of electronic cigarettes – battery-powered, nicotine-infused tubes designed to replicate the experience without puffing smoke – may exceed the demand for traditional cigarettes in the next decade, according to Bonnie Herzog, an analyst at Wells Fargo & Co. in New York. The devices are designed for consumers worried that smoking is unhealthy and not allowed to smoke in offices, restaurants and other public places.


Potential investors’ financial capacity to see, “said Meisel, who started FIN Atlanta in 2011, and projects revenue of nearly $ 70 million this year. He hired Winston-Salem, North Carolina-based BB & T at the end of last year and said he was open to a joint venture or acquisition proposals from strategic buyers, such as Reynolds American Inc. (RAI), Altria Group Inc. (MO), international companies tobacco or big pharmaceutical companies.


David Silva, a spokesman for Altria, and Brian Hatchell, a representative of Winston-Salem, North Carolina-based Reynolds, declined to comment in an e-mail from their company would be interested in communicating with a fin.

Maisel competes with Lorillard Inc. (LO) ‘s Blu Ecigs and closely held producers such as NJOY logic and technology.


LOGIC technology, based in Livingston, New Jersey, talked to a lot of tobacco companies and financial firms interested in the possible combinations, CEO of Eli Alelov said in a telephone interview. He declined to name the companies with which he spoke.

“Investment bankers are trying to get into the space,” said Alelov, 45. He said that he was “interested in what other business partners could put on the table. I’m always open to suggestions.”


Altria, the largest seller of tobacco in the United States, said last week that it plans to introduce an electronic cigarette in an unknown market in the second half of 2013. CEO Martin Barrington, speaking on a conference call with analysts, declined to comment on whether Altria considers takeover, saying the Richmond, Va.-based company did not speculate on potential acquisitions.


Electronic cigarette represent health risks and benefits

At Old Town Kettles and Cups in Wentzville, the electronic cigarette business is smoking. Minutes before closing time, some customers were buying electronic cigarettes are battery-powered and choosing from 80 flavors of e-liquid, sometimes called the “juice” with various doses of nicotine. The e-cigarette converts the liquid to vaporized nicotine that isinhailed.

images!“All you have to do is add your juice,” said store owner Denise Menckowski, showing how the electronic cigarette works. “This juice, in particular, consisting of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine and some food flavorings. The mixers, we have to mix our juices, in fact we will not do it in house. We want it to be in a clean environment above the restaurant, and they are also the guys who talk to FDA, so it’s pretty cool, so they put standards in place to make sure that this nicotine is correct.”

Greg Hohimer smoked cigarettes for 45 years. “I had asthma, bronchitis, emphysema. I was on four medications.”

Hohimer said after unsuccessfully trying to kick the tobacco habit at least 30 times, he started vaping electronic cigarettes. “One year after quitting smoking and start vaping, I went to all my lung medications.”

Fans of electronic cigarettes, also known as vapers, say they are less harmful than real cigarettes are effective and help smokers quit tobacco. Critics say that too little is known about the safety of electronic cigarettes because they are not regulated. Michelle Bernth manages communications for the American Lung Association of St. Louis, which is against electronic cigarettes.

“Now there is a lot of misinformation about electronic cigarettes,” said Bernth. “The first thing that they are not harmful to your health, which is not true, because the nicotine, which we know is bad for your health. They also contain chemicals that we do not fully understand. Now they are not regulated by the FDA. And so we want to know more about what’s going on with them, before we can understand how harmful or not harmful they are to people. “

Hohimer says he uses e-cigarette and has no plans to quit smoking, but there is little information on long-term use. “What I got from the very harmful,” said Hohimer. “If there are any long-term problems, there is no way that it will be almost the same as when I was smoking.”

The American Cancer Society, as well as the American Lung Association, is opposed to electronic cigarettes. “As long as you are inhaling nicotine and other toxic chemicals into the lungs, you’re still smoking,” said Michelle Bernth.

Concern for the safety of electronic cigarettes does not harm sales, which could reach $ 1 billion this year, according to UBS, a global financial services firm.

New York City offers raising the age for buying cigarettes

No one under 21 would be able to buy cigarettes in the city under a proposal unveiled Monday to make it the most densely populated place in America to set a minimum age, which is high.

imagesExtending the decade of moves to combat smoking in the largest city of the country, the measure is aimed at stopping young people from developing the habit, which remains the leading preventable cause of death, City Council Speaker Christine Quinn said as she announced the plan. Eighty percent of smokers in the work of lighting before they were 21, officials said.

“The fact is, in this decision, where smoking begins,” she said, surrounded by colleagues and the health commissioner of the city. With support in the Council and the support of Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the proposal has the political ingredients to pass through.

But it may face questions about its effectiveness and fairness. Retailers representative proposed measure is simply to go young smokers to neighboring communities or the corner store instead of cigarette sellers shops in the city, and the smokers’ rights activist called it a “government paternalism at its worst.”

Under federal law, no one under 18 cannot buy tobacco anywhere in the country. Four states and some communities have grown to the age of 19 years, and at least two communities agreed to raise it to 21.

A similar proposal has been floated in the Legislature of Texas, but it is on hold after the board about the budget it will cost the state more than $ 42 million in cigarette tax revenue within two years.

Public health and anti-smoking advocates, the costs paid by the state is ahead of smoking on human life.

They say a higher minimum age for buying tobacco prevents, or at least delay, the young people from starting to smoke and thus limiting their risks to health.

“Infringement of smoking among these age groups is critical to winning the fight against tobacco and to reduce mortality, morbidity and health care costs it causes,” said Susan M. Liss, executive director of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free.

Smoking has become less common in the general New York City over the last decade, but has a plateau at 8.5 per cent of urban public high school students since 2007. An estimated 20,000 of them smoke today.

It is illegal for many of them to buy cigarettes, but the increase of the minimum age to prohibit smoking little older friends to buy from them.

City officials cited statistical modeling, published in the Journal of Health Policy, it is assumed that increasing the age to purchase tobacco 21 nationally can reduce smoking rates by two-thirds of the 14-to-17-year-olds and half of 18-to -20 – summer more than 50 years. Texas budget officials predicted a third of the reduction of tobacco product by 18-to-20-year olds.

A higher minimum age of purchase of tobacco could cut into sales, which account for 40 percent of gross income for the average convenience store, said Jeff Lenard, a spokesman for the National Association of Convenience Stores. But he suggested that young smokers would simply go out of the city – the minimum age is 19 in nearby Long Island and New Jersey, for example – or the black market traders.

Audrey Silk smoker people thought old enough to vote and serve in the military should be allowed to decide whether to use cigarettes.

“Intolerance for those who smoke to justify anti-smokers to reduce the adult status of children,” said Silk, who founded the group that sued the city over the previous restrictions of tobacco.

Advocates say the measure is parallel does not vote, but drinking. They refer to the laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol to persons under 21.

The nation’s largest cigarette maker, Altria Group, had no immediate comment, spokesman David Sutton said. Earlier, he said that in Richmond, Va.-based Company that produces the best-selling brand Marlboro, supported by federal legislation in 2009 that gave the Food and Drug Administration authority to regulate tobacco products, which includes a variety of retail restrictions.

Representatives for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. did not immediately respond to phone and email inquiries. Based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, this makes Camel and other brands.

The age limit is 21 in Needham, Mass., and went to 21 in another suburb of Boston, Canton. Canton Board of Health approved the changes this month, but it is not yet implemented, said the Director of Public Health John L. Ciccotelli.

Plans call for an annual study on reducing smoking among high school students Canton – and the elimination of the extent to five years if it is not, he said.

In Needham, high school smoking rate has dropped from about 13 per cent to 5.5 per cent from the 21-year threshold came into effect in 2006, Director of Public Health Janice Burns said. It’s not clear how much reduction is due to the age limit.

Since Bloomberg took office in 2002, New York, helped to impose the highest cigarette taxes in the country, it is forbidden to smoke in parks and on beaches and are held occasionally graphic advertising campaign about the dangers of smoking.

Last month, Bloomberg proposed to keep cigarettes out of sight in shops and stores to stop from taking cigarette coupons.

Hearing by the Board on the proposal and the age limit is set for May 2.

Several New York City smoking rules have survived lawsuits. But a federal appeals court last year said the city cannot force tobacco retailers to display gruesome images of diseased lungs and rotting teeth.

Quinn, a leading Democratic candidate for success next year Bloomberg, is often seen as an ally of his.

Bloomberg also has prompted a number of other innovative public health measures, such as forcing chain restaurants to post calorie counts on their menus, banning artificial Tran’s fats in restaurants and attempting to limit the amount of sugary drinks. The court overturned a large drink rules in the last month, but the city is appealing.

While Bloomberg has led many anti-smoking initiatives, this one came from the council – in particular, a board member James Gennaro, who lost his mother to lung cancer after she smoked for decades.

Opinions about fall and rise of the cigarette culture

George McKenna is a professor of political science at the City College of the City University of New York and volunteers of Concern Food Pantry from Englewood.

electronic-cigarette-elite-dailyThe award-winning series “Mad Men”, will return for its sixth season on Sunday, plunging us once again in the early 1960s, the world of the office of tobacco and booze. Skeptical younger viewers may wonder if the creators of Mad Men have not gone a little overboard with the cigarette-puffing, but I’m old enough to offer their personal testimony: It’s just the way it was.

I remember those long Sunday lunch with his family in 1950, a cloud of bluish smoke gathering over the table as our meal progressed. Everyone smoked – my mother, two older brothers, my teenage sister. (I took it myself as a teenager, but I managed to stop in my 20’s.) Smoking has been part of the American way of life.

 However, today, at least in polite society, we have seen a complete turnaround: The only remaining smokers are hiding around, hiding their habits, like my friend who retreats on my back porch, even when I insist it is normal to smoking. How did that happen? What made smoking so popular half a century ago and such a shame today?

Facts are not enough

It is not that people did not have any information about smoking. Studies going back to the 1930s have shown a link between smoking and cancer. But the facts are not enough. To have social significance, the facts should be highlighted. How is it done?

At the beginning of the last century, the great philosopher, journalist Walter Lippmann, marked the emergence of “publicity rights.” His arrival on the public stage, Lippmann wrote: “This is a clear sign that the facts of modern life do not spontaneously take the form in which they can be known.”

In the fifties and sixties, men publicity (many Mad Men) has shown smokers to be one of the most wonderful people in America – the singers, movie stars and TV presenters. In addition, they showed us that smoking can be a pleasant one. (“Be happy, go lucky, be happy, go Lucky Strike …») They hinted that smoking is harmless, at least if you were smoking their brand. (“More doctors smoke Camel than any other cigarette.”)

This latest offering, many of us suspect, was nonsense. But we did not care, smoking was cool. We had to be made to take care of, and it was the work of a new set of public men and women.

Transformation began in 1961 when an alliance of four private health organizations, including the American Cancer Society and the National Tuberculosis Association (later renamed the National Lung Association), wrote a letter to President Kennedy encourages the formation of a national commission to study the effects of cigarettes on public health. In response to Kennedy’s doctor, Luther Terry, has appointed a commission, which for the next two years, reviewed thousands of scientific articles and interviewed more than 150 consultants. When it published its final report in 1964, Terry later recalled: “He hit the country like a bolt from the blue.” It was a Page One story in every newspaper and was given saturation coverage on radio and television. By 1968, a Gallup poll showed that 78 percent of Americans believed smoking causes cancer, compared with 44 percent a decade ago.

4 Financial Tobacco giants Reviewed

Because of seemingly endless cash flow and the massive size of its market, the tobacco industry is attractive to investors seeking income. Firms in this sector have been able to consistently pay regular dividends, allowing many investors to fame for safe and high returns. Despite the economic downturn, tobacco stocks appear to be stable, because the recession tobacco is a basic need for the millions of smokers. In this article, I take the four tobacco companies for the ever-increasing profits. These four companies have solid financial statements to back profits for investors. Let’s look at the financial position of each company in order to study its ability to support the growing returns for shareholders.

cigs_1799072bPhilip Morris International, Inc (PM) is a holding company. The Company, through its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells cigarettes and other tobacco products in markets outside of the United States. With its premium positioning of strong brands, global scale, and addictive products, Philip Morris has been able to consistently increase dividends. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.85 cents / share. The following is a brief history of Philip Morris dividends.

As can be seen from the table, Philip Morris had shown exceptional financial performance. Its profit and loss account shows a reasonable investment strategy, strong brand and management firm. In the past three years, he was able to increase its revenues by an average of 7.6%. Furthermore, in terms of the high cost, the company was able to sustain such margins. In the last twelve months [TTM], net margin was 11.4%. In comparison with the last year sales growth with stable profitability over the last three years, on average, it was able to expand earnings per share [EPS] of 16.9%.
In addition, over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has consistently generating strong operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 8,365 million, and dividend payments amounted to only $ 5404 million. This is the free cash flows to a sufficient degree to ensure the payment of dividends. Thus, the dividends look safe with the potential to consistently generate strong cash flows. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors.

Altria Group, Inc, (MO), through its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells cigarettes and other tobacco products, machine-made large cigars and pipe tobacco. Over the years, Altria paid consistently increasing dividends. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.44 cents / share. The following is a brief history of its consistent dividend increase.

The company shows a strong declaration of income in recent years. However, over the last three years, on average, revenue growth was 1.3% for the industry average was at -1.9%. On the other hand, the company has one of the best operating margins of 41.4%, representing a strong management team. In addition, he showed exceptional EPS growth of 10.2% over the past three years.

In addition, over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has been consistently increasing operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 3,779 million and the payment of dividends, was $ 3,400 million. With a strong financial position and continued profitability, Altria Group looks like a safe bet. Wall Street analysts also recommend a strong buy Altria Group.

Lorillard, Inc (LO) is engaged in the manufacturing of cigarettes and tobacco in the United States. Lorillard offers one of the best high dividend yields. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.55 cents / share. The following is a brief history of its consistent dividend increase.
The company shows a strong statement of income for the last three years. It was an opportunity to expand revenue year on year basis. In the past three years, on average, revenue growth was 8.2%, while the industry average was at -1.9%. The company has an operating margin of 16.6%. In addition, he showed exceptional EPS growth of 13.5% over the past three years.

Over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has consistently generating strong operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 1,096 million, and the payment of dividends, was $ 807 million. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors. Below are several metrics show strong financial health of the company.

Reynolds American Inc, (RAI), through its subsidiaries, production of cigarettes and other tobacco products in the United States. Currently, Reynolds American offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.59 cents per share. For the entire 2012, it provides a dividend of $ 2.33. Over the past five years, it has been consistently able to increase the dividend by 38.82%.

The company shows strong financial performance over the last three years. He was able to produce strong revenue and profit. However, over the last three years, on average, revenue growth remained fairly stagnant and was negative 0.5% for the industry average was at -1.9%. However, the company has an operating margin of 26.7%, and in the past three years, its EPS growth of 10.7%.

On the other hand, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has been consistently increasing operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 1,091 million and the payment of dividends, was $ 1,307 million. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors.

Electronic cigarette smokers – you are inhaling the unknown

Electronic cigarettes sound fantastic. Rather than your lungs fill with tar, they deliver nicotine vapor to satisfy your craving, without unpleasant side effects. They are widely popular as the safe alternative to cigarettes, a harmless way to get a nicotine hit. No wonder that 700,000 people have been using electronic cigarettes in the UK last year; with this figure should rise to over a million by the end of 2013.

imagesDoctors are desperate to reduce the £ 5 billion a year, smoking-related diseases costs the NHS. Anything that can help smokers quit, would be welcome. But electronic cigarettes are not a drug. There’s a reason you’re buying it from a newsstand, and do not get them on prescription. E-cigarettes may look legitimate, but they have not gone through the same rigorous safety checks as a medicinal nicotine replacement therapy.

I want to be sure that I am giving the right advice to patients when they ask about electronic cigarettes are not unwittingly compromise their health. Hardened smokers trying to quit using them as prescription drugs, but they do not have the same guarantee.

A quick search of the medical journal Archives shows about 200 links to electronic cigarettes in the past five years. These products are relatively new, so there are no long-term studies on the impact of them regularly. Instead, the research is focused on what is being delivered to the lungs of smokers, in addition to nicotine.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration analyzed the components of the electronic cigarette cartridges in 2009. They found trace levels of tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) – cancer-causing compounds commonly found in traditional cigarettes, although to a much lower concentration.

Although related, it is not a big surprise – the same levels found in nicotine patches. But the FDA also found diethylene glycol, a component of antifreeze and brake fluid. Rated as the poison of the World Health Organization, at high enough quantities it can cause kidney damage, nerve dysfunction and respiratory failure.

In March 2013, researchers from the University of California examined in detail the aerosol content of the electronic cigarette. They found particles of silver, iron, aluminum and silicate, and nanoparticles of tin, chromium, and nickel. The researchers noted that the concentration of these elements «was higher or equal to the corresponding concentrations in normal cigarette smoke,” and that “many of the elements defined in [electronic cigarette] aerosol is known to cause respiratory disorders and diseases.”

Other papers focus on the social impact of the introduction a highly addictive drug for a new audience. The Journal of Adolescent Health identified the electronic cigarette advertising campaigns that disproportionately appeal to the younger market, including “celebrities, trendy / fashionable images, and fruits, sweets, alcohol and flavors.”

A comparison can be made with alcopops, and there are fears that the awareness of e-cigarettes are much more teenagers than among the general population. Instead of being an opportunity for smokers to go to something less harmful, they can be a gateway to smoking young people who not otherwise try cigarettes.

Some commentators are skeptical restraint physicians to embrace electronic cigarettes. Although I strongly recommend smokers to quit, I do not comfortable playing unregulated, unlicensed product to the consumer, which sells itself as a medicine. It has similarities with the alarming when some doctors have called for smoking to health damage cigarettes has been fully understood.

With a little research, it is clear that we do not know the risks of using electronic cigarettes long-term, and the potential for harm is significant. While the same rules as other nicotine replacements are introduced, electronic cigarettes should be considered snake oil trick that can get a new generation hooked on nicotine before their first smoke.

Electronic cigarettes are a new solution for smoking

The electronic cigarettes, also known by its nickname the “e-cigarette”, is changing the way people smoke. Except, there is no smoke involved.

e-cigarette-replicationEric Adel, a senior from Olathe, electronic cigarettes took three months ago, in his efforts to quit smoking.

“I started using the electronic cigarette as a way to quit smoking. I’ve tried other things before, but so far this is the only method that has been really effective for me,” says Adele.

The electronic cigarette was first invented in 1960, but did not make a full appearance on the market before 2008. Number of people using electronic cigarettes has grown steadily over the past few years. Request to the electronic cigarette is that it does not contain harmful chemicals, which include regular cigarettes, and it emits water vapor instead of toxic smoke.

The main problem, however, is that there is very limited research available that display what the exact impact on the health of electronic cigarettes. Doctors and consumers cannot tell for sure if the electronic cigarette is safer than any regular cigarettes.

In December, FDA held a public hearing on nicotine replacement therapy, and one of the main focuses was on electronic cigarettes. Dr. Gilbert Ross of the American Council on Science and Health spoke at the hearing in support of electronic cigarettes. Dr. Ross is sure that the electronic cigarette is safer than regular cigarettes.

“The substances that are available in electronic cigarettes, water, glycerin or propylene glycol, nicotine is vaporized and in different dosages, it is benign and, in the worst case, it is much less harmful than the products of combustion of tobacco,” Dr. Ross said at the hearing.

Dr. Ross explains that electronic cigarettes should be praised, not punished, because they do not emit harmful fumes and chemicals like regular cigarettes.

“Electronic cigarettes are certainly not cigarettes,” Dr. Ross said. “They are nicotine delivery systems.”

Nicotine craving is a major problem faced by smokers when they decide to quit. Adel said that the electronic cigarette helps them to reduce their intake of nicotine significantly.

“I think the e-cigarette as effective quit smoking, because they mimic the behavior of smoking while satisfying the need for nicotine, but at the same time, you can deliberately reduce the amount of nicotine that you consume,” Adel said. “This is a way to outsmart your addiction.”

Ryan Hughes, a sophomore from Redlands, California also smokes electronic cigarettes, and says that, in general, the electronic cigarette is best for smokers.

“The electronic cigarettes are always longer than regular cigarettes,” Hughes said. “There’s not so much nicotine in electronic cigarettes, so that you can mimic lighter, less rich sensation of smoking, in contrast to the conventional cigarette.”

Adele says that they are cheaper.

“The set originally cost me about $ 40 and come with a battery and a bottle of liquid nicotine,” Adel said. “I spend about $ 10 a week for flavored liquid nicotine. You can buy cheap stuff, but I think it does worth it to spend a little more for a higher quality brand, and you will get the best selection of flavors. Compared to a pack of smokes day, electronic cigarettes are much cheaper. “

Adele says that nicotine addiction is not something that can be easily stopped, but the electronic cigarette is making progress for eliminate its dependence.

“Most people do not realize how powerful nicotine addiction is,” said Adele. “It completely destroys any rational decision-making. It does not matter that you know is going to give you cancer, or that it is unattractive, or that it makes you smell offensive. Psychologically, you just have to have it. Since I began using an electronic cigarette, I drastically reduced the amount of nicotine that I use, and we hope that by using only flavored liquid with zero nicotine over the next month. “

Richard Carmona joining electronic cigarette cards

Former U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona, who stressed the danger of secondhand smoke and support a ban on all tobacco products, joins the board of directors for NJOY, the leading electronic cigarette companies in the country, a move that may increase the legitimacy of electronic cigarettes as a viable alternative to traditional cigarettes.

electronic cigaretteSenior public health official in the country under President George W. Bush from 2002 to 2006 will advise the Arizona-based company in the field of public health and regulatory issues. He will also supervise their studies with battery-operated devices that heat a liquid nicotine solution and create steam, which breathes users. Flagship private company NJOY King Product is the best selling electronic cigarettes.

Carmona, 63, is president of the health and welfare nonprofit Canyon Ranch Institute in Tucson and is a professor of public health at the University of Arizona.

In 2006, he published a comprehensive report, which concluded that breathing any amount of someone else’s tobacco smoke harms nonsmokers, and played an important role in smoking bans across the country. In testimony to Congress Committee in 2003, Carmona was critical about the possibility of a safe alternative to smoking tobacco.

“Definitely there is an argument that can be done to reduce the damage, but, obviously, more research needs to be done,” Carmona told the Associated Press. “I probably will [us] the biggest critic …. I still look at his work as a doctor of people, and I will look at the science…. If we can find an alternative that gave us harm reduction as people refuse to nicotine, I’m happy to participate in that science, and see if we can do it. “

There are two approaches to regulating tobacco use: one that says there is no safe way to use tobacco and pushes people to quit above all. Others support safer alternatives like smokeless tobacco and other nicotine delivery systems like gum or even electronic cigarettes, and methods to improve overall health.

Devotees insist e-cigarettes address both addiction and the behavioral aspects of smoking. Smokers get the nicotine without the more than 4,000 substances in cigarettes. And they get to keep a cigarette while puffing in and out something that looks like smoke. More than 45 million Americans smoke cigarettes, and about half of smokers try to quit each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“When he came on board, it is very difficult for anti-smoking people who consider themselves health campaigns to simply speak out against electronic cigarettes. They have to deal with the fact that one of the leaders of the community not only supports e-cigarettes, but is willing to be board of directors of the largest electronic cigarette company, “said David Sweanor, a Canadian law professor and tobacco expert who consults with companies and others on industry issues.

In an interview with AP, NJOY General Manager Craig Weiss said of Carmona to its board “is a very powerful step forward” in its mission to “stale cigarettes.”

The company does not disclose how much was to be compensated Carmona his new role.

The market of electronic cigarettes has grown to thousands of users in 2006 to several million worldwide.

Some of the largest tobacco companies in the country have moved to capture some of the growing revenue in the electronic cigarette market. Reynolds American, the second-largest U.S. cigarette manufacturer, began limited distribution of its first electronic cigarette brand Vuse. Lorillard Tobacco, the third-largest tobacco company in the country, has acquired the electronic cigarette maker Blu Ecigs last April. Some e-cigarettes are made to look like a cigarette with a tiny light on the tip that glows like the real thing.

E-cigarettes can be more regulated in the near future. Recent CDC study found that one in five smokers reported using an electronic cigarette, the evidence, and the agency says that more control is needed. And the Food and Drug Administration is expected to approve the regulatory body for the electronic cigarette later in the year, to treat them in the same way as traditional cigarettes and other tobacco products.

“We still have a one in five people in America smoke; … there is still a lot of work to do,” said Carmona. “Dismiss [electronic cigarettes] and do not even think … would be a disservice to the public who are looking for alternatives.”

FDA refuses cigarette warning fight

The FDA will not request for review of the most recent court decision against his rule requiring graphic warning labels on cigarette packs, some of the Obama administration said on Tuesday.

Instead, the agency will go back to the drawing board to develop new warnings he hoped to pass legal review, they said.

imagesThe U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia ruled in a 2-1 decision in August that the tobacco companies’ First Amendment rights would be violated graphic warnings proposed FDA. Furthermore, the court ruled that the FDA had failed to show that the warnings will reduce smoking. It was the last in a series of judgments against the FDA rules.

A further appeal against the decision would go to the Supreme Court.

The regulation requires that cigarettes sold in the U.S. are graphic images warning of the dangers of smoking, including photos of rotting teeth, diseased lungs, the child enveloped in smoke, and the body on the autopsy table.

The images were accompanied by such phrases as “cigarettes are addictive,” “Cigarettes cause cancer” and “Smoking can kill you.” They had to take at least half of the front and back of cigarette packs and 20% from the top of the pack.

A group of the largest tobacco companies, including RJ Reynolds, sued the FDA shortly after the regulation was released. A federal judge dismissed the warning notices in March, after previously placing a ban on the alert.

“In these circumstances, the attorney general determined after consultation with the [Department of Health and Human Services] HHS and FDA, not to seek Supreme Court review of the first questions that amendment at the present time,” Attorney General Eric Holder wrote a letter to House Speaker John Boehner ( R-Ohio) last week. “If the Court of Appeal had to postpone new rules to FDA at a later date, will not be able to claim the full Supreme Court review at that time.”

Howard Koh, MD, MPH, Assistant Secretary of Health for HHS, admitted recently been court cases in his blog on the Huffington Post on Tuesday, but said that the FDA is “to conduct research in support of the new rule-making under the Tobacco Control Act.”

This law, passed in 2009, gives the FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products.

“FDA is committed to reducing morbidity and mortality from tobacco use by bringing science-based regulation of the production, marketing and distribution of tobacco products”, Koh wrote.

He told MedPage Today earlier this year that the fight against tobacco use is one of the key public health initiative for the second term of President Obama in the White House.

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network called for FDA to continue to develop new graphic warnings that he believes that the body must be in accordance with applicable law.

“At present, warnings are not changed in the last 25 years and is widely considered to be ineffective because of the danger of exciting and deadly products,” President Chris Hansen said in a statement late Tuesday. “Large, graphic health warnings on cigarettes has been shown that encouraging adults to quit and prevent children from starting in the first place.”

Cigarette Warning-Label Ruling won’t be appealed by U.S.

The U.S.A Justice Department won’t ask the Supreme Court overturned a lower court ruling that struck down rules requiring graphic health warnings on cigarette packs.

imagesAttorney General Eric Holder, in a letter to Congress on March 15, said the Food and Drug Administration will create new rules to first amendment concerns raised by the Court of Appeal, in a 2-1 decision that found the requirements violated free speech rights of tobacco companies.

“If a Court of Appeal had to postpone the new FDA regulations at a later date, will not be able to claim the full Supreme Court review at that time,” Holder said.

The FDA has been accused in 2011 R.J. Reynolds, a unit of Reynolds American Inc (RAI), Lorillard Tobacco Co, Commonwealth Brands Inc, Liggett Group LLC and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co, the company argued that the mandates on cigarette packs, cartons and ads, passed as part of Family Smoking Prevention and Control it violated the First Amendment because the government is using “threats and fear” to motivate people to stop using the legitimate product.

Tracheotomy hole

The Government argued that the nine images chosen agency for placement on the packaging and advertising of the true image requires Congress to show the negative health consequences of smoking. One image was a man with cigarette smoke coming from a tracheotomy hole in his throat. The other was a corpse with a chest guard on autopsy table.

Schedule should cover the top half of the front and back of cigarette packages and 20 percent of printed advertising.

The U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington ruled on August 24 that the visual images, along with a phone number 1-800-QUIT-NOW, are “provocative attempt evoke emotion” and “intimidate consumers” stop buying the products of companies.

Department request that the full appeals court to reconsider the decision was rejected in December.

Brian Hatchell, spokesman for Reynolds, and Robert Bannon, a spokesman for Lorillard, did not respond to phone calls and e-mails seeking comment on the letter to the owner.

The fact is, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. v. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 11-5332, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (Washington).

New income gun will not differ from state income cigarettes only start collecting: Phillip Morris

What is the real reason the government can tax the weapons and bullets?

imagesStand-up comedian Chris Rock once put forward the idea that America can dramatically reduce violent crime, charging a blanket rate of $ 5,000 for a bullet.

“Because if a bullet cost $ 5000 will be no more innocent civilians,” a comic thought.

“People will think twice before they killed somebody, if a bullet cost $ 5,000.”

This is Chris Rock funny guy. Some people consider him a genius. But the increase in chatter about plans to reduce the number of violent Americans by introducing strict new taxes on guns and ammunition creates disturbing impression that some of our legislators are taking their cues from the comic.

Some of the fantasy placed in violence at the center of political ideas that America can tax its way to less Trigger Happy nation, or if not, just the price of some potential killers from the market.

In Maryland, for example, legislation has been introduced to add a 50-percent tax on most of the ammunition and create a $ 25 annual registration fee of weapons.

The legislation of the State of Nevada is preparing that would impose taxes of $ 25 per gun and 2 cents per bullet. Not to be out done, Massachusetts has introduced measures that would place a 25 percent tax on the sale of a weapon and ammunition.

This is not a $ 5,000 bullet. But this is still a problem on several levels.

Money raised from the Massachusetts ammunition and gun tax hike supposedly be used to fund mental health programs, police training, and programs for victims of violent crime.

Who can resist such great material society?

But here’s why this effort – and others like it – is doomed to failure, as a politician, even if they become law. That’s the problem, according to David Lynskey, the person who is the author of the measure of Massachusetts:

“We know that smoking has a significant impact on public health. Similarly, the use of firearms has a significant impact on health and social security,” he told the Los Angeles Times.

This is a smoke screen in a nutshell. So, what does all this talk cessation of violence have to do with cigarettes?

This is a clever marketing attempt to marry the gun violence and smoking as something identical health risks. After all, cigarettes are directly responsible for the deaths of more Americans, the weapons each year.

That is why the anti-gun groups are desperately trying to alter the anti-smoking tax template as a way to place a new financial burden on those in the market of arms and bullets.

But it will not work, and I’m not talking about complicated Second Amendment, which speaks of the right to bear arms, while remaining silent on the regulation of tobacco products.

I say disingenuous practice of many state governments, including Ohio, until recently, still balancing their budgets on the backs of smokers, using the $ 246 billion, 25-year agreement with the major tobacco companies to pay their bills. This historic settlement was created to promote smoking cessation programs, which the state agreed to work until they decided – most of them anyway – that they wanted to use the money to pay their bills, instead.

The same pattern will be repeated with new taxes draconian gun.

Last year, for example, Massachusetts has collected $ 821 million of tobacco settlement payments and tobacco taxes to the state. However, he spent a little over $ 4 million for smoking cessation programs. This is a pittance.

Why so few?

Ohio is much worse in the number of tobacco according to the Centers for Disease Control. In 2012, he collected $ 1.1 billion in tobacco revenue generated from state taxes on tobacco products and what, if anything is left of his part in the 1998 tobacco settlement, but allocated none of the money to fight smoking programs.

$ 10.1 billion, the state received from the Big Tobacco settlement a long time to play in the many, not the health-related costs, less than 10 years after the state agreed to spend on anti-smoking efforts.

So why is the gun tax should be otherwise?

As many as 18,500 residents of Ohio will die this year as a result of their own smoking, and annual health care costs associated with smoking in the state, is expected to top $ 4.3 billion.

However, the state will not use any of their tobacco revenues to counter the deadly reality.

The picture is clear.

Our cash hungry federal and state governments are willing to use the last fatal tragedy, to soak up the law-abiding Americans buying guns and bullets in the name of reducing violence.

Yes, something needs to be done to help curb the carnage.

But as experience with tobacco money showed the government officials were merely smoke on public health problem, their efforts to tax guns and ammunition are not so much to reduce violence, since they are at filling state coffers with cash.

Gov legislate for plain cigarette packs this year

Minister wanted to introduce plain packaging for cigs through Australia with legislation, after becoming convinced that the branding is the main factor.

220px-Plain_cigarette_packagingThe legislation was announced by the Queen’s speech in May, the smoking is expected to be banned in cars. The ban is very hard for police and in general for law and they believe in group pressure that will have the main impact to the drivers ban using phones.

David Cameron referred to the possibility of plain pack introducing, without any timetable Ministers and of smoking ban reduces in the UK.

We have to follow what they have done in Australia. The evidence suggests it is going to detect youth. There is going for legislation.

The move comes after Lancet study of 19 countries in the UK down the health wellbeing. It found Britan’s space of decline of premature mortality of the Australian members and European Union members. The main reason consists in the durability of the public health, including drinks, drugs and diets.

Smoking causes more the 100,000 deaths every year in the UK. Despite a enormous reduction in the number of smoking since the 1950s, it still estimate a five part of British population of smokers. There is already a full ban on cigarette ads, and in one of the Labor government’s most of smoking places was banned. The 2009 Health Act opened display of tobacco products from April a year ago and will come into force only in April 2015.

Ministers are looking to see the troubled families, and can start to design for improving the diets of more than 120,000 families.

Researchers show that poorer families are far more inclining to obesity, immune to public health messages. In schools research is showing that wealthier families are taking up healthy food options.

The Department of Health started a consultation in March 2011 on plain packs which ended last August for department by the University of Sterling found that “plain packs colors have negative message, projected a less desirable smoker identity, and expose the reality of smoking.”

The study also found that non-smokers tended to find plain packaging less appealing than did smokers, and younger respondents tended to find it less appealing than did older respondents. Around two thirds of smokers say they started smoking before they were 18.

The study also found

Since December in Australia cigarettes must be sold in uniform drab olive-green packets with graphic health warnings. The only marker of difference between products is the brand name written on the packet in a uniform style. New Zealand has promised to follow the Australian lead.

The Australian attorney-general, Mark Dreyfus, has defended the packaging saying “it is anti-cancer, not anti-trade”. There has been some evidence that smokers are now trying to cover up the packaging with plasters.

International Conference on Management of Tobacco in the 21st century

Imagine for a moment that the plague devastated the developed world, but has not yet established its control over developing countries. If the world’s leaders in the field of public health come together for two days at Harvard to outline the campaign to prevent the spread of the plague, unless you do not want to cover this meeting?

imagesFebruary 26 and 27, under the auspices of the World Health Organization and Harvard University, representatives from more than two dozen countries, the African Union, the European Union and many other public health and international organizations will meet at Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study in Cambridge, Mass., to develop a framework to prevent one billion projected deaths by the end of this century – all caused by the spread of tobacco use in developing countries.

The main purpose of the conference is to prevent the global tobacco industry from using his wealth and power to prevent the passage of laws based on (WHO), the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in developing countries. Industry undermines national laws on trade issues or complaints to the World Trade Organization (WTO), arguing that they violate trade agreements.

Julio Frenk, Dean of Harvard School of Public Health and former Minister of Health of Mexico, said that “by the end of the tobacco epidemic once and for all, we must clearly present the facts that tobacco is detrimental to both public health and the economic health and development of nations. This meeting is a huge opportunity for the prevention of smoking plague raging in developing countries, as it has been raging over the developed countries.”

And Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma: Chairman of the African Union called for a conference of leaders “to prevent the global tobacco industry from the transfer of the burden of tobacco-caused death and disease in developed countries in Africa.”

“Thanks to the tobacco industry, tobacco killed 100 million people last century,” said John R. Seffrin, Ph.D., Executive Director of the American Cancer Society. “If we do not become more aggressive with respect to the industry, they will require a billion people this century; we know how to stop this pandemic. – With good science, good governance, and the political will question whether we will take the necessary. Steps in this direction? “

In addition to Frank, Dlamini-Zuma and Seffrin, leading to the two-day conference will include Dr. Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, Vesile Kulaçoğlu, director of trade and the environment, the World Trade Organization, and Nicola Roxon, Member Parliament, former Attorney General and Minister of Health of Australia, as well as leading scientists, public health officials, and the anti-tobacco campaign of Russia, India, Kenya, Canada, Chile, Thailand and other nations.

The cost of weapons and cigarettes

I was brought up on war movies when I was a kid. The Second World War was nearly 10 years past, films that were originally intended to inspire young recruits and shake their loved ones in the rear broke out of our black and white TV, as All-American passion play.

cigarettes-with-moneySince we were just kids, we paid much attention to visual detail, how the actors looked and behaved. We took things literally, metaphors, however, still waiting for us down the road. So we can not avoid that some objects were invested with what amounted to the sacred powers. Of these, the most sacred of all were tobacco and weapons.

My friends and I spent many a day, operate our pint version of what we saw in the movies, as the goal of Burma and The Sands of Iwo Jima. We had plastic guns and adorned themselves with bits and pieces of our gear Army Dad brought home from the real thing. Once, to achieve a higher degree of likelihood, I remember stealing a carton of cigarettes to my mother, so that all of us, 5 – and 6-year-old could see how we smoked, we mowed invisible Nazis.

Cigarettes were common in those days. It would seem that almost all smokers. It was considered good form to offer someone a cigarette, if they stopped your home or office.

Although the U.S. Surgeon General issued the first public warning about the dangers of cigarettes in 1964, smoking continues to hold pride of place in our culture. Smoking was cool. Cigarettes functioned as fashion accessories for everyone from rock stars to the captains of industry. People smoke in commuter trains and on a commercial flight, in the theater lobby and the best restaurants.

Signs were posted in my high school warning about the dangers of smoking, but it did not stop many of us, illuminating. I allow myself to sit down at the college, and in spite of the growing wave of negative feedback, kept it in my 50 years. During this time I worked as a public librarian. I remember in the weekly meetings of department heads, and we were sitting around a large round table with ashtrays positioned every seat.

Those days are gone. Although a few incorrigible souls remain addicted to nicotine lady cultural cache soaking was put out, the dying embers unfiltered butt. It is significant that one of the last bastions of tobacco is, clubs for aging vets.

The history of our cultural love and eventually drop out of cigarettes came in a recent quarrel over what to do about gun violence. It cost comparison because weapons, like cigarettes, are deeply rooted in American culture. Just as the tobacco was one of the first and most lucrative cash crop of America, guns played inseparable, even symbolic, role in the history of our country. Even more so: the right to bear arms is written in the Bill of Rights, placed on freedom of expression and religion.

And, like tobacco, weapons, were also part of what many call the public health crisis. On the same day that the U.S. Senate began holding hearings on gun violence, a man entered the building Phoenix and opened fire, injuring three people, one critically. 15-year-old drum majorette was killed in a Chicago park, adding that the largest amount of city gun-related murders a year. In Alabama, an armed man got into a school bus driver fatally shot and kidnapped six-year-old boy. A doctor in California was killed in the exam room of one of his patients.

They were only the headlines. Slate was able to verify that, since the massacre Newtown in December, one thousand four hundred forty-four Americans were shot. In this case, Bloomberg News estimated that gun-related murders could exceed deaths from car collisions in 2015.

But where, in the 60’s, the doctor can give a report on the basis of research on the link between smoking and cancer, the impact on the health of guns has gone unstudied. This is because, since 1996, gun lobbyists succeeded banning federally funded research on guns. “Public health researchers have done the work to help the public, even more than the politicians really understand the key issues related to firearms,” Arthur Keller Mann, a senior policy analyst and expert in emergency medical care and prevention of injuries in the Rand Corp, said Huffington Post. “This kind of research is very threatening to people who have been involved in the debate over gun control.”

Cultural change is never easy. It took decades to change people’s attitude about smoking. But it happened, and it should be noted, without having to ban or severely restrict people’s access to cigarettes. We taxed Sparks of them is that all?

Something similar should happen with guns. First, though, we need to better understand their impact on public health.

Luther Pendragon is no longer working with Philip Morris

Luther Pendragon said healthcare customers that it no longer works with Philip Morris after some questioned his work with the tobacco company.

imagesAgency work with Philip Morris was thrown into the spotlight at an article in the journal The Lancet, which called Health Organization to reduce their communication last week.

Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry also went public to say that it fell agency in December, after training, he worked with the tobacco company.

Royal Pharmaceutical Society’s head of public affairs Charles Willis told PRWeek: «Luther Pendragon confirmed that they no longer work with Phillip Morris International.

“We are very pleased with this answer, and work with Luther Pendragon spent with us. Work that Luther had their other clients did not contradict the joint work between Luther and RPS.

A representative from the National Pharmacy Association also told PRWeek he realized that was not working Luther Pendragon Philip Morris.

Both pharmaceutical bodies were identified in a letter to The Lancet from senior health professionals Health Organization calls break their ties with the companies PR », who are working to advance the interests of the tobacco industry.

He named a number of health organizations, as former clients Luther Pendragon. However, some organizations are named; including the Royal Pharmaceutical Society, National Pharmacy Association and all party parliamentary groups on pharmacy are current clients of the agency.

Luther Pendragon acts as secretariat to the APPG pharmacies on behalf of Pharmaceutical Services Negotiating Committee, the National Association of pharmacists, chemists Association and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

Group chairman Kevin Barron MP and deputy chairmen Baroness Cumberlege and Oliver Colvile MP did not respond to a request for comment at time of publication.

Prior to the revelation that Luther Pendragon stopped working with Philip Morris, spokesman for the Association of vision correction and the Federation Ophthalmic optics and dispensing, as mentioned in part Lancet, said at the time he was working with Luther Pendragon in the past, ‘it is actually not in the past two years.

Spokesman said: “We were not aware of the relationship and are very supportive of any action against smoking and labeling of tobacco products, particularly in connection with the eye of public health.

St George’s Health NHS Trust also said it did not work with Luther Pendragon in 2010, when he used the agency a brief description of the project on branding, when trust has been consolidated.

On Friday, he responded to requests for Twitter question its relationship with the agency, saying: “We always strive to uphold the values of our suppliers NHS» and that “trust has no current plans to provide any services or other support from Luther Pendragon.

The representative of the trust said it had received a number of inquiries from the public about their work with Luther Pendragon.

NHS Skills for Health, a company that has the license of the Department of Business Innovation and Skills also said it did not work with Luther Pendragon for a number of years.

Philip Morris has been listed as a client of Luther Pendragon APPC register to lobby on 1 June 2012.

Luther Pendragon declined to comment while Phiip Morris confirmed the agency stops providing consulting services to it in the UK.