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Monthly Archives: July 2013

Tobacco companies pursue “safer” cigarettes

A major tobacco company seems serious about the development of a low-risk cigarette, sponsoring of clinical trials with prototypes containing reduced levels of toxic components.

image-05-largeLondon-based British American Tobacco said on Monday that it will begin a 6-month controlled trial “reduced toxicant” cigarettes, in which the effects on the respiratory function will be measured in current smokers.

It follows an earlier, shorter study published last month, which evaluated prototypes for effects on blood bio-markers of exposure to toxicant substances.

The prototypes described in this study contained tars and nicotine at level like conventional cigarettes, but with a reduced content of a variety of nitrosamines, aromatic amines, carbonyls, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

The new study, the protocol for which was published in Biomed Central Public Health, won’t come to satisfying FDA requirements for marketing reduced-risk cigarettes. The agency said in a guidance document published last year that it would need studies that assess multiple aspects of the overall impact of these products on public health, in addition to the direct impact on the health of the users of the product. They are:

• Exposure to second-hand smoke on the product

• The impact on the overall user habits, such as smoking frequency and intensity of smoking inhalation

• The impact on the consumption of users of other tobacco products

• The likelihood that users will comply with any special instructions for using the

• The likelihood that users will later go on to other, more high-risk tobacco products

• Is the product availability will affect non-smokers or ex-smokers to start smoking or discourage current smokers from quitting tobacco completely

• Whether marketing a product may be affected by “the understanding and perception of consumers”

The regulations allow companies to market cigarettes as simply reducing exposure to harmful chemicals, avoiding the need to demonstrate improved clinical outcomes with respect to the health of users with respect to smoke regular cigarettes.

But the company must still show that the reduction of the impact of “a sufficient degree of probability produce are measurable and significant reduction in morbidity and mortality,” when evaluated in later studies.

These requirements are set out in the legislation in 2009 that gave the FDA authority to regulate tobacco products. This law prohibited the agency from banning cigarettes in whole or in order that the nicotine levels to be reduced to zero. But it did not authorize the FDA to require proof of any allegation that the new tobacco product is less risk to health than the existing ones.

The agency has since established two ways for new tobacco products to enter the market. One allows manufacturers to simply certify that the product is “substantially equivalent” to those that have already been sold. This route was opened last month with a formal FDA clearance of two Newport brand products sold by Lorillard Tobacco, though the agency said that thousands of others have been introduced with preliminary applications.

The second way is akin to FDA premarket approval process for medical equipment that requires rigorous clinical trials. Any tobacco products for which applications for reduced health risks are made have to be approved through this process. No applications have yet been received, agency officials said.

But BAT – producer Kent, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall cigarettes and brands, as well as cigars, loose tobacco and smokeless tobacco products – seems to be prepared to meet the stringent requirements of the FDA. New clinical study, which will be held in Germany, will enroll 260 healthy volunteers, including 140 smokers, 60 former smokers and 60 never-smokers.

Smokers will be randomized to usual, but unlabeled Lucky Silver Strike cigarettes or reduced toxicant product and told to smoke free for 6 months. Blood and urine samples will be collected for analysis of systemic exposure to toxicants, and measures the level of serum creatinine and creatinine in urine.

Cigarettes will come with filters that investigators will collect to measure the frequency of smoking. Participants will keep diaries.

In addition, the spirometry will be performed at baseline and after 6 months for measurement of forced expiratory flow, forced expiratory volume in one second, and peak expiratory flow rate.

Nonsmokers will not use cigarettes in the study, but will undergo spirometry and biomarker studies for comparison purposes.

Stanton Glantz, MD, of the University of California at San Francisco and a prominent anti-tobacco campaigner, said MedPage Today in an e-mail that the study was published neglect an important category of direct health consequences.

“It does not consider important cardiovascular effects that may be both short-term and long-term risk for development of heart disease, in particular, changes in the platelets and vascular endothelial function,” said Glanz.

He also questioned the decision to match the levels of tar in reduced toxicant prototype to those in the conventional product.

“Tar measures many bad things in cigarette smoke and such correspondence may mask biologically significant changes,” he said.

Booming E-cigarette industry raises questions on safety, regulation

At the end of last year – for the first time in more than four decades – Cigarette has made a return to television advertising as a manufacturer of electronic cigarettes NJOY broadcast location approved cable networks.

ecig_620x350NJOY CEO Craig Weiss told CBS News’ Jeff Glor he hopes to extend the e-cigarette ads in prime time programming as part of its mission to “old fashioned cigarettes.”

NJOY is the best-selling brand of electronic cigarette or “e-cigarette”, battery-powered device that simulates the sensation of smoking real cigarette nicotine by delivering a smoke-like vapor. There’s no tobacco or combustion, and when no breath, no smell.

As he explained Weiss NJOY electronic cigarette makers are aiming for a unique and superior experience.

“It’s not that I want to be as good as a cigarette. I would like to be better than cigarettes,” he said.

E-cigarettes have been around for almost ten years, but the industry has expanded rapidly over the last year.

In 2011, sales of electronic cigarettes come close to $ 300 million. In 2012, sales more than doubled, to $ 600 million, according to the June 2013 report Wells Fargo Securities Analysts say this year, sales are likely to triple to more than $ 1 billion.

300 million in 2011, 600 million in 2012

And while traditional cigarette manufacturers will rake in about $ 80 billion this year, NJOY Weiss says he is confident the “good guys” – in his opinion, the electronic cigarette manufacturers – eventually come out on top.

“We think it’s kind of a David vs. Goliath battle. We take on big tobacco,” Weiss said Glor. “They’re good Public Enemy, to have.”

However, some in the medical community – including Dr. Neil Schachter, a leading pulmonologist at Mount Sinai in New York Hospital – was not convinced that the electronic cigarette manufacturers of so-called good guys.

“Patients come in and say,” Gee, I tried this new form of cigarette. Great. I smoke a non-toxic form of cigarettes. I tell them, ‘I do not know. I do not know if it is non-toxic, “Miner told Glor.

The Food and Drug Administration currently does not regulate electronic cigarettes, so manufactures are not authorized to disclose the ingredients.

Most of the major brands boast the same list of ingredients: Nictone, water, artificial flavors, glycerin, and propylene glycol, an ingredient that creates a simulation of exhaled smoke.

FDA continually promised to propose regulations for electronic cigarettes and while organization refused to talk to CBS News on camera, they are issuing this statement: “Further studies are needed to assess the potential public health benefits and risks of electronic cigarettes and other novel tobacco products.”

The study could take years, according to Erika Sward, the American Lung Association

“We are very concerned that there is literally no federal oversight of these products. We do not know them. We do not know how they are used,” Sward explained.

“I hope that the electronic cigarette does not ultimately have the same god awful that regular exposure to tobacco had, but the jury is still out,” she added.

For his part, Weiss welcomes FDA regulation, explaining that it would enhance his vision of the future, where smoking is not enough health effects known to date.

“I have a three year old and six-year-old. And I want to grow up in a world where they can ask me one day:” So, wait a second, Dad. I do not understand. Earlier you this little thing on fire, and then you Put it in your mouth? I mean, how did that even work?'” Weiss said


In this day and age, everything seems to be going digital, and that includes smoking. Many smokers are turning to electronic cigarettes, also called e-cigarettes, thinking that they are better off with it than regular cigarettes. The truth is, we do not know what the consequences of electronic cigarettes are on the long term because there is not much scientific evidence, except those of manufacturers have come up with.

electronic-cigarette-185The Philippine Medical Association has called for a ban on the sale of electronic cigarettes to the public until the proper testing of their safety has been done. He noted that the sale of electronic cigarettes are not regulated, making them accessible to children and youth who look up to them as cool devices to be visible. They have contributed to some marketers, as an “alternative lifestyle” and many are made to believe that they are safer and relatively “healthy” than actually smoking.

“We do not know if it can be bad for us, and if they say that it is an alternative lifestyle, the question whether it is right for us to learn a new kind of vice to the public, to ensure that our children and young people,” warned Dr. Ramon Severino of the Philippine Pediatric Society, which is an organization of PMA specialty.

Dr. Saturnino Javier, immediate past president of the Philippine Heart Association, also details the uncertainty and risks of e-cigarette use in his column in Vital Signs, a newspaper for physicians and health care professionals. “It must also contend with the fact that nicotine is also a pair of the lungs,” he wrote. “One of the strongest arguments against the use of the electronic cigarette is that it can undermine prevention and cessation of smoking habits by strengthening the consumption of cigarettes in public places and workplaces,” he added.

Local FDA stand

Sometime ago, our local Food and Drug Administration issued a warning to the public about electronic cigarettes, emphasizing that they are not recommended method of smoking cessation treatment for smokers who want to quit. It also highlighted the potential risk of grave incitement children into learning how to smoke.

Electronic cigarette manufacturers claim that they are not targeting children with their product, but the nicotine cartridges they sell tastes are attractive to children. What child would not be attracted to chocolate, caramel, strawberry and even bubble gum flavors taste? Knowing the adventurous nature of the school and the unregulated nature of electronic cigarettes, we can have disastrous fad in the making, if we allow the electronic cigarette to be approved for sale.

The e-cigs work as a vaporizer since they vaporize a liquid solution into an aerosol mist, which simulates the real thing. It gives one the feeling of virtual smoking. It provides a virtual smoking. Although they do not contain tobacco is small in the device, which heats liquid nicotine, which transforms it into steam, which Smokers inhale and exhale.

Electronic Cigarette manufacturers claim that this nicotine vapor offers much less risk than conventional cigarette smoke. But no one knows for sure, possible side effects of inhaling nicotine vapor, as well as other health risks electronic cigarettes can cause. 

Vaporized solutions

We usually evaporate medicament for pulmonary problems such as asthma and lung inflammation, as it was shown that the vaporized solutions can reach the lung tissue more quickly and efficiently. If the electronic cigarettes have the same mechanism, and then vaporized nicotine to affect adversely the lighter, and we will not be surprised if more recent studies have shown that electronic cigarettes can cause all known complications of smoking in a short period of time.

Quality control in the manufacture of electronic cigarettes is also a big question mark, and it is likely that some manufacturers cannot adequately disclose all they put in their cartridges for electronic cigarettes, or the actual nicotine levels may be higher than what is listed on the label of the cartridge.

This may be the cause of satisfied electronic cigarette users swear by the high heavens about how electronic cigarettes have weaned them from smoking tobacco. Most likely, they do not realize that they get a higher dose of nicotine. They are out of the frying pan and put the fire directly.

Johnny Depp might have looked cool, though he fidgeted with his electronic cigarette in the movie “The Tourist” and Katherine Heigl of “Grey’s Anatomy” might sound like a health expert, as she explained how electronic cigarettes work when she guested in the David Letterman show. But not even a ton of celebrities can ever cover up the unknown danger that lurks behind the use of electronic cigarettes.

Tobacco taxes: myths against facts

We were desperate and disappointed to read the views expressed in an editorial on July 7. We would like to provide and led your readers with select and accurate information based on facts.

The following items are about some myths presented by Mr. Peterson:

  1. imagesMyth: The new tobacco tax will help pay for the Vikings stadium.
  2. Fact: The revenue from tobacco taxes will go into the general fund. Part of the money from the one-time tax on cigarettes in stores inventory will go to the stadium.
  3. Myth: Raising the tobacco tax is unfair to smokers.
  4. Fact: The cost of treating tobacco-related diseases is much higher than the amount of tobacco tax collected by smokers. Every man, woman and child in Minnesota pays $ 560 in excess health care costs due to smoking if they smoke or not.
  5. Myth: smokers do not go away, even if the price increases.
  6. Fact: Studies show that the $ 1.70 for a pack tax increase will help more than 36,650 smokers quit Minnesota. In our state, we are fortunate that all smokers have access to free services through the termination QUITPLAN. In addition, low-income smokers suffer from the effects of smoking on health, and 75% are more sensitive to price increases.
  7. Myth: Tobacco tax revenue is not reliable.
  8. Fact: Each state is greatly increased tax on tobacco has seen an increase in state revenue and health benefits residents.
  9. Myth: The new tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products is estimated to generate about $ 500 million over the next two years and will save our state more than $ 1.75 billion in long-term health care costs.
  10. Myth: A tax increase on tobacco will make people abroad.
  11. Fact: In most places, the price difference is not significant enough to cause people to cross the border to buy cigarettes. Some may overlap at times, but the number of people who make it statistically very low. Most smokers will continue to buy their cigarettes in Minnesota.

Studies have consistently shown that increasing the price of tobacco is one of the most effective ways to help smokers quit and prevent children from starting to smoke.

Saving lives and our children from Minnesota addiction life is “fair”, and a great idea in our book.

Tobacco companies donate school tables

One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd has saved about 500 pupils from sitting on dusty floors in Geitasamo elementary school in the Serengeti after donating 157 desks for the public school with 793 students.

Geitasamo is rural state primary schools which continue to face a wide range of issues, which include acute shortage of classrooms, desks, textbooks and teachers’ houses in the wildlife rich area of the Serengeti to the Mara region. School teachers and students welcomed the donation tables describing it as a huge relief.


images!“Prior to this donation nearly 50% of our children were sitting on the floor, but now we are happy that no a child who will sit on the floor”, Geitasamo Primary School headteacher Daudi Kabaka said shortly after receiving the tables on Friday.

Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd Corporate Communications Manager, Mr. Khamis Liana handed over the donation to the brief function show pupils, teachers, parents, district officials Serengeti education and community leaders. “We, as the Alliance One, we are proud to be the transfer of these desks and Geitasamo today is one of the schools that have received a lot of support from us.


The request of the school was 157 tables, and we pass the 157 tables in the amount of 5.4 ml. Nothing has been cut with your request, “Mr. Lian said. Tobacco Company, he said, was spending millions of shillings to support education, health and the environment in different parts of the country.

“In education, we respond to problems such as lack of school desks, as we have done here today. We also offer tutorials,” Mr. Lian said in his brief speech. Previously, Mr. Liana, who was accompanied in charge of Alliance One Tanzania Ltd Mara leaves manager Mr. James Gichuche, spent a few minutes checking some trees that were planted in Geitasamo primary school with the support of the tobacco companies.


Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd was the first company to support the introduction of tobacco growing in the Mara region. Tobacco is now seen as the best option for the majority of farmers in various villages in the Serengeti, seeing that it can save them from extreme poverty.

Hundreds of farmers have earned more than 8 million – after selling more than 2,520 tons of Alliance One Tobacco Tanzania Ltd for the season, according to officials of the Serengeti. Many villages have embarked on tobacco cultivation in the district are the homes of many families who are experiencing economic difficulties in the past.


Officials say the Serengeti District Council earned about 400 ml revenue from tobacco during the same period. This year, the government allowed large-scale production of tobacco in Serengeti, Tarime and Rorya districts in Mara Region. Mara Regional Commissioner John Tupa said that the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives support commercial farming of tobacco in the area.


Marketing of electronic cigarettes: it’s a fake cigarette?

As the tobacco giants Altria and R.J Reynolds launch their new unregulated electronic cigarettes this summer, the noise is growing about the huge marketing budgets are waiting in the wings. But money is only a question or two, if the Giants can figure out how to shape the brand of cigarettes gadgets in the era of Facebook.

image6121E-battery operated cigarette tubes which emit steam clubs typically contain nicotine. Unlike cigarettes, they can be used virtually anywhere  and posts for electronic cigarette is only required to be directed to adults. Most of the ads do not have any health claims while they are waiting for FDA regulations, but the media and customers usually describe electronic cigarettes as a way to wean from unhealthy cigarettes.

The marketing challenge is to pay more attention to the “electronic” than the cigarette aspect of the product.

Blu Ecigs, for example, the target of 35-45 smokers who love techie devices, said founder Jason Healy, who sold the company last year to Lorillard, the manufacturer of cigarettes Newport. Blu packets and displays a black and smooth, like a mobile phone. If you flip the switch on the brand of “smart package”, it flashes and vibrates when it senses another Blu smoker nearby. Soon the package will also be able to talk with other electronic devices, said Healy.

In contrast, the independently owned Njoy, the market leader, is going retro with gold emblems and colored slashes on its signs and packaging.

Both approaches brand design clichés and trite, said Fred Richards, around the world in a creative Brand Union, branding and design consultancy. “The sleek look food stains are trademarks and language is similar to the premium like chewing gum. And combs and scarves from old cigarette packages of old.”

The larger opportunities, according to experts, are to use digital media and events involve public angst modern smoker. “Smokers are treated like outcasts of society for 20 years. There is a whole generation who are too young to know how it could smoke on airplanes and in offices and restaurants,” said Richards.

Blu is trying to embrace that sense of community with social media, said Healy. “We encourage people to tell their stories. Moreover, data from social sites allow us to focus on people over 18 who smoke.” Blu running a TV spot for the night cable, print ads in lifestyle and culture magazines, and it is significantly expands its events and social media marketing. “With a product like this, we have to dig to get the demo we want, and then we have to have a conversation,” said Healy.

The dispute impact of electronic cigarette health impacts is gaining steam as the industry is approaches $ 1 billion in sales. At the same time, a new brand category is emerging. “This is a breakthrough technology and changes in the social stigma attached to smoking,” said Richards. “This is an opportunity to create an entirely new language, lifestyle and attitude.”

Are electronic cigarettes dangerous, or the best alternative to tobacco?

Some people see them as a safer alternative to smoking.

Some people use them as an aid to quitting.

images (1)But the jury is still out on electronic cigarettes as the FDA is concerned.

“Consumers of electronic cigarette products currently have no way to tell if electronic cigarettes are safe … how much nicotine or other potentially harmful chemicals into the respiratory system during use, or if there are any benefits associated with the use of these products, “according to the FDA’s website.

E-cigarette battery powered devices that operate by heating a liquid which contains nicotine. The nicotine is then inhaled in the form of a vapor. Thus, instead of “smokers”, users of electronic cigarettes often call themselves “vapers”.

The FDA currently does not regulate electronic cigarettes, but the agency is working to change that by creating rules that would classify the devices as a tobacco products. While electronic cigarettes contain tobacco, is a key component of the nicotine found in tobacco plant.

Janelle Marousek, a registered nurse and certified diabetes educator for Desert Valley Senior Wellness Center in Apple Valley, is dubious about electronic cigarettes.

“Cigarettes, of course, are bad for you and there are tons of harmful chemicals in them, but electronic cigarettes scary” Marousek said. “There may be some rules with the FDA, but the company does not need them.”

Marousek said that in 2010, the FDA issued warning letters to five distributors of electronic cigarettes for unsubstantiated claims and poor manufacturing practices.

For smokers trying to quit, Marousek recommends the use of other sources of nicotine, such as gum, lozenges or a nicotine patch.

However, Dr. Timothy Denton, a cardiologist at High Desert Heart Institute in the state, said he feels that with the help of the electronic cigarette is the lesser evil compared to tobacco.

“We do not know the dosage of nicotine you get from the e-cigarette, but you do not get to carcinogens,” he said. “Over the counter you can buy nicotine gum, you can buy nicotine patches, and you can buy electronic cigarettes. Of those three, which is closest to the ritual you used to?”

And the ritual of smoking, Denton said, as addictive as nicotine itself. He notes that smokers crave cigarettes at certain times of the day – for example, immediately after a meal.

“They light a cigarette, they take a deep breath and once they feel good,” said Denton. “But it takes more time than for the drug to reach the brain.”

Those who quit smoking often need a new habit to replace it. Too often, that the habit is overeating, another serious health risk. The best alternative to smoking or eating is a new hobby or a change of scenery at a time when cigarette cravings can trigger – for example, for a walk after a meal.

But human nature being what it is, change does not come easily to most.

“In the e-cigarette, you get the feeling of a cigarette,” said Denton. “It’s a little more, it’s much harder. When you puff on it, you actually get a pair. This micronized moisture that gives you a little bit of nicotine.”

While manufacturers cannot make statements about electronic cigarettes as quit smoking AIDS, new data suggest that they can only be effective for this purpose.

Last week, the results were released from a study at the University of Catania in Italy. In 2010, 300 smokers who have not expressed a desire to quit agreed to try electronic cigarettes. Within 12 months, 8.7 percent of people in the study quit smoking, and 70% of those people continued to refuse to electronic cigarettes, as well. Another 9% to 12%t do not quit smoking, but they have reduced their habits by at least 50%.

“This is the first study of the good that has been done on electronic cigarettes,” said Denton.

And while we may not know all the side effects of electronic cigarettes, the risks of traditional cigarettes established: heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and various other cancers.

“For right now it is not unreasonable to recommend electronic cigarettes to patients who want to quit smoking,” said Denton. ” Anything we can do to help get patients off regular tobacco.”

Tobacco companies introduce the first e-cigarettes

Coming to a store shelf near you: the latest offering from some of the major tobacco companies, is an electronic cigarette. They were on the market for many years, but as the Health Watch reporter Stephanie Stahl shows us, it’s the first time tobacco companies getting in the game.

im-a-smoker-and-i-love-e-cigarettesGregory Conley says his electronic cigarette has changed his life.

“I took the electronic cigarettes and overnight, I gave up smoking,” Conley said.

Instead of smoking, he looks at it. It uses a battery for heating liquid with nicotine. People inhale the vapor. Advocates say that electronic cigarettes are a great alternative to traditional cigarettes.

Advocates say that electronic cigarettes are a great alternative to traditional cigarettes. Conley said: “The other option for about half of all smokers to smoke until they die.”

Traditional cigarette companies are jumping on the electronic cigarette bandwagon. Altria, the parent company of Phillip Morris, will begin selling Markten electronic cigarette at the end of this summer. Reynolds American, manufacturer of cigarettes Camel, just introduced VUSE, own electronic cigarette.

Electronic cigarette attorney Carl Phillips, Ph.D., says it’s big news.

“They are big players,” Phillips said. “They have a huge marketing power the tobacco industry has used to sell its cigarettes for decades.”

Electronic cigarette authorities must walk a fine line with the regulators. The FDA says they can’t claim electronic cigarettes help people to cure disease or to quit smoking, while the study did not prove it.

In documents obtained by Eyewitness News, some e-cigarette users and health workers reported side effects to the FDA such as allergic reactions, shortness of breath, heart problems, headaches, rash, vomiting, and more

“There’s still a lot of research needs to be done, much more research is carried out, I have to say on these effective ways to help people quit smoking, as well,” said Deb Brown of the American Lung Association. The association does not support electronic cigarettes. It is also concerned about the effects of passive vapor.

“I really think that in the future, there will be some recognition that there are many public health groups, who got this question wrong,” said Conley.

The FDA regulates tobacco, so it is ultimately expected to propose new rules for electronic cigarettes. Lawyers hope they do not muzzle the message of e-cigarette.

Sale of tobacco products before Monday tax hike

Abed Abuhadid has one word to announces the business in his tobacco shop in the days before the increase in the cigarette tax by $ 1.60 a pack.

Business-taxes-270x300One of his clients store at the Smoke & Cigar Depot in Waite Park, Phyllis Zimmerman, pats a plastic bag she keeps that hung cigarettes cartons.

“It’s eight boxes,” Zimmerman said. “I think it’s stocking up.”

The cigarette tax rise will come into force on Monday, the first day of 2014 state fiscal year, along with a number of other changes to the state law passed during the 2013 Minnesota’s 2013 legislative session.

Abuhadid has ruled Smoke Shop for 16 years, during which time he had seen a few cigarette tax rise. But this is the greatest thing he’s seen by far, more than doubled in the package of state tax from $ 1.25 to $ 2.90, according to the House Public Information Services.

Supporters say the move will encourage some smokers to quit and to reduce public health costs of smoking, in addition to generating new tax revenues.

But Abuhadid doubt the tax increase will be additional revenue for the state. He says that some heavy smokers will go to surrounding states to buy cigarettes instead. In addition, he said that more customers roll their own cigarettes and smoking electronic cigarettes to save money.

Another of his clients, Kathy Nyberg of Avon, said she was trying to quit smoking in part because of higher taxes. At the same time, however, she is not a fan of the move. “I think it stinks,” said Nyberg.

Two new sales taxes on businesses takes some effects on Monday for transaction that were are not subject to the tax. They apply to companies that buy electronic and commercial repair and telecommunications equipment.

Dream Act

Some students living in the country illegally can get a living teaching in colleges and universities of Minnesota and state financial aid under the new law.

Dream Act is part of a broader higher education that the budget law shall come into effect on Monday. The law also freezes the training of students for the next two years in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, including Saint-Cloud State University and St. Cloud and Technical College.

Students without documentation will be eligible for resident tuition and state financial aid if they meet certain criteria, such as having attended high school for at least three years in Minnesota, in compliance with the requirements for selective service, and to prove they are applied, to have legal status, if such a process is established at the federal level. Director of the state institutions of higher education expects about 755 students in the state of Minnesota will take advantage from the new rules. The office is in the process of preparing an application for such students, said its spokesman, Sandy Connolly.

St. Cloud-area parks and trails will benefit from nearly $ 3 million in funding through grants to Minnesota’s Clean Water, Land and Legacy Amendment.

The grants are going to go out for the two-year budget cycle, which begins on Monday. They include a $ 1 million Sauk River Regional Park in Sartell, $ 1,000,000 to extend the Lake Wobegon Regional Trail and $ 930,000 to extend the Rocori Trail.

The funding River Juice Regional Park – the proposed park across the river from the juice of Whitney Park on the Sartell’s South edge – would be for land acquisition, trail improvement and other improvements.

Lake Wobegon Trail boosters want to extend the trail from its terminus in St. Joseph into downtown St. Cloud. A proposed first phase of the expansion would bring the trail River’s Edge Park in Waite Park.

Rocori Trail backers want to connect Cold Spring and Rockville to the existing trail. This would allow access to the two regional parks in Rockville: Rockville County Park and Park Eagle.