April 2013 - CigarettesReviews.com | CigarettesReviews.com

Monthly Archives: April 2013

Electronic cigarette represent health risks and benefits

At Old Town Kettles and Cups in Wentzville, the electronic cigarette business is smoking. Minutes before closing time, some customers were buying electronic cigarettes are battery-powered and choosing from 80 flavors of e-liquid, sometimes called the “juice” with various doses of nicotine. The e-cigarette converts the liquid to vaporized nicotine that isinhailed.

images!“All you have to do is add your juice,” said store owner Denise Menckowski, showing how the electronic cigarette works. “This juice, in particular, consisting of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine and some food flavorings. The mixers, we have to mix our juices, in fact we will not do it in house. We want it to be in a clean environment above the restaurant, and they are also the guys who talk to FDA, so it’s pretty cool, so they put standards in place to make sure that this nicotine is correct.”

Greg Hohimer smoked cigarettes for 45 years. “I had asthma, bronchitis, emphysema. I was on four medications.”

Hohimer said after unsuccessfully trying to kick the tobacco habit at least 30 times, he started vaping electronic cigarettes. “One year after quitting smoking and start vaping, I went to all my lung medications.”

Fans of electronic cigarettes, also known as vapers, say they are less harmful than real cigarettes are effective and help smokers quit tobacco. Critics say that too little is known about the safety of electronic cigarettes because they are not regulated. Michelle Bernth manages communications for the American Lung Association of St. Louis, which is against electronic cigarettes.

“Now there is a lot of misinformation about electronic cigarettes,” said Bernth. “The first thing that they are not harmful to your health, which is not true, because the nicotine, which we know is bad for your health. They also contain chemicals that we do not fully understand. Now they are not regulated by the FDA. And so we want to know more about what’s going on with them, before we can understand how harmful or not harmful they are to people. “

Hohimer says he uses e-cigarette and has no plans to quit smoking, but there is little information on long-term use. “What I got from the very harmful,” said Hohimer. “If there are any long-term problems, there is no way that it will be almost the same as when I was smoking.”

The American Cancer Society, as well as the American Lung Association, is opposed to electronic cigarettes. “As long as you are inhaling nicotine and other toxic chemicals into the lungs, you’re still smoking,” said Michelle Bernth.

Concern for the safety of electronic cigarettes does not harm sales, which could reach $ 1 billion this year, according to UBS, a global financial services firm.

New York City offers raising the age for buying cigarettes

No one under 21 would be able to buy cigarettes in the city under a proposal unveiled Monday to make it the most densely populated place in America to set a minimum age, which is high.

imagesExtending the decade of moves to combat smoking in the largest city of the country, the measure is aimed at stopping young people from developing the habit, which remains the leading preventable cause of death, City Council Speaker Christine Quinn said as she announced the plan. Eighty percent of smokers in the work of lighting before they were 21, officials said.

“The fact is, in this decision, where smoking begins,” she said, surrounded by colleagues and the health commissioner of the city. With support in the Council and the support of Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the proposal has the political ingredients to pass through.

But it may face questions about its effectiveness and fairness. Retailers representative proposed measure is simply to go young smokers to neighboring communities or the corner store instead of cigarette sellers shops in the city, and the smokers’ rights activist called it a “government paternalism at its worst.”

Under federal law, no one under 18 cannot buy tobacco anywhere in the country. Four states and some communities have grown to the age of 19 years, and at least two communities agreed to raise it to 21.

A similar proposal has been floated in the Legislature of Texas, but it is on hold after the board about the budget it will cost the state more than $ 42 million in cigarette tax revenue within two years.

Public health and anti-smoking advocates, the costs paid by the state is ahead of smoking on human life.

They say a higher minimum age for buying tobacco prevents, or at least delay, the young people from starting to smoke and thus limiting their risks to health.

“Infringement of smoking among these age groups is critical to winning the fight against tobacco and to reduce mortality, morbidity and health care costs it causes,” said Susan M. Liss, executive director of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free.

Smoking has become less common in the general New York City over the last decade, but has a plateau at 8.5 per cent of urban public high school students since 2007. An estimated 20,000 of them smoke today.

It is illegal for many of them to buy cigarettes, but the increase of the minimum age to prohibit smoking little older friends to buy from them.

City officials cited statistical modeling, published in the Journal of Health Policy, it is assumed that increasing the age to purchase tobacco 21 nationally can reduce smoking rates by two-thirds of the 14-to-17-year-olds and half of 18-to -20 – summer more than 50 years. Texas budget officials predicted a third of the reduction of tobacco product by 18-to-20-year olds.

A higher minimum age of purchase of tobacco could cut into sales, which account for 40 percent of gross income for the average convenience store, said Jeff Lenard, a spokesman for the National Association of Convenience Stores. But he suggested that young smokers would simply go out of the city – the minimum age is 19 in nearby Long Island and New Jersey, for example – or the black market traders.

Audrey Silk smoker people thought old enough to vote and serve in the military should be allowed to decide whether to use cigarettes.

“Intolerance for those who smoke to justify anti-smokers to reduce the adult status of children,” said Silk, who founded the group that sued the city over the previous restrictions of tobacco.

Advocates say the measure is parallel does not vote, but drinking. They refer to the laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol to persons under 21.

The nation’s largest cigarette maker, Altria Group, had no immediate comment, spokesman David Sutton said. Earlier, he said that in Richmond, Va.-based Company that produces the best-selling brand Marlboro, supported by federal legislation in 2009 that gave the Food and Drug Administration authority to regulate tobacco products, which includes a variety of retail restrictions.

Representatives for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. did not immediately respond to phone and email inquiries. Based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, this makes Camel and other brands.

The age limit is 21 in Needham, Mass., and went to 21 in another suburb of Boston, Canton. Canton Board of Health approved the changes this month, but it is not yet implemented, said the Director of Public Health John L. Ciccotelli.

Plans call for an annual study on reducing smoking among high school students Canton – and the elimination of the extent to five years if it is not, he said.

In Needham, high school smoking rate has dropped from about 13 per cent to 5.5 per cent from the 21-year threshold came into effect in 2006, Director of Public Health Janice Burns said. It’s not clear how much reduction is due to the age limit.

Since Bloomberg took office in 2002, New York, helped to impose the highest cigarette taxes in the country, it is forbidden to smoke in parks and on beaches and are held occasionally graphic advertising campaign about the dangers of smoking.

Last month, Bloomberg proposed to keep cigarettes out of sight in shops and stores to stop from taking cigarette coupons.

Hearing by the Board on the proposal and the age limit is set for May 2.

Several New York City smoking rules have survived lawsuits. But a federal appeals court last year said the city cannot force tobacco retailers to display gruesome images of diseased lungs and rotting teeth.

Quinn, a leading Democratic candidate for success next year Bloomberg, is often seen as an ally of his.

Bloomberg also has prompted a number of other innovative public health measures, such as forcing chain restaurants to post calorie counts on their menus, banning artificial Tran’s fats in restaurants and attempting to limit the amount of sugary drinks. The court overturned a large drink rules in the last month, but the city is appealing.

While Bloomberg has led many anti-smoking initiatives, this one came from the council – in particular, a board member James Gennaro, who lost his mother to lung cancer after she smoked for decades.

Opinions about fall and rise of the cigarette culture

George McKenna is a professor of political science at the City College of the City University of New York and volunteers of Concern Food Pantry from Englewood.

electronic-cigarette-elite-dailyThe award-winning series “Mad Men”, will return for its sixth season on Sunday, plunging us once again in the early 1960s, the world of the office of tobacco and booze. Skeptical younger viewers may wonder if the creators of Mad Men have not gone a little overboard with the cigarette-puffing, but I’m old enough to offer their personal testimony: It’s just the way it was.

I remember those long Sunday lunch with his family in 1950, a cloud of bluish smoke gathering over the table as our meal progressed. Everyone smoked – my mother, two older brothers, my teenage sister. (I took it myself as a teenager, but I managed to stop in my 20’s.) Smoking has been part of the American way of life.

 However, today, at least in polite society, we have seen a complete turnaround: The only remaining smokers are hiding around, hiding their habits, like my friend who retreats on my back porch, even when I insist it is normal to smoking. How did that happen? What made smoking so popular half a century ago and such a shame today?

Facts are not enough

It is not that people did not have any information about smoking. Studies going back to the 1930s have shown a link between smoking and cancer. But the facts are not enough. To have social significance, the facts should be highlighted. How is it done?

At the beginning of the last century, the great philosopher, journalist Walter Lippmann, marked the emergence of “publicity rights.” His arrival on the public stage, Lippmann wrote: “This is a clear sign that the facts of modern life do not spontaneously take the form in which they can be known.”

In the fifties and sixties, men publicity (many Mad Men) has shown smokers to be one of the most wonderful people in America – the singers, movie stars and TV presenters. In addition, they showed us that smoking can be a pleasant one. (“Be happy, go lucky, be happy, go Lucky Strike …») They hinted that smoking is harmless, at least if you were smoking their brand. (“More doctors smoke Camel than any other cigarette.”)

This latest offering, many of us suspect, was nonsense. But we did not care, smoking was cool. We had to be made to take care of, and it was the work of a new set of public men and women.

Transformation began in 1961 when an alliance of four private health organizations, including the American Cancer Society and the National Tuberculosis Association (later renamed the National Lung Association), wrote a letter to President Kennedy encourages the formation of a national commission to study the effects of cigarettes on public health. In response to Kennedy’s doctor, Luther Terry, has appointed a commission, which for the next two years, reviewed thousands of scientific articles and interviewed more than 150 consultants. When it published its final report in 1964, Terry later recalled: “He hit the country like a bolt from the blue.” It was a Page One story in every newspaper and was given saturation coverage on radio and television. By 1968, a Gallup poll showed that 78 percent of Americans believed smoking causes cancer, compared with 44 percent a decade ago.

4 Financial Tobacco giants Reviewed

Because of seemingly endless cash flow and the massive size of its market, the tobacco industry is attractive to investors seeking income. Firms in this sector have been able to consistently pay regular dividends, allowing many investors to fame for safe and high returns. Despite the economic downturn, tobacco stocks appear to be stable, because the recession tobacco is a basic need for the millions of smokers. In this article, I take the four tobacco companies for the ever-increasing profits. These four companies have solid financial statements to back profits for investors. Let’s look at the financial position of each company in order to study its ability to support the growing returns for shareholders.

cigs_1799072bPhilip Morris International, Inc (PM) is a holding company. The Company, through its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells cigarettes and other tobacco products in markets outside of the United States. With its premium positioning of strong brands, global scale, and addictive products, Philip Morris has been able to consistently increase dividends. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.85 cents / share. The following is a brief history of Philip Morris dividends.

As can be seen from the table, Philip Morris had shown exceptional financial performance. Its profit and loss account shows a reasonable investment strategy, strong brand and management firm. In the past three years, he was able to increase its revenues by an average of 7.6%. Furthermore, in terms of the high cost, the company was able to sustain such margins. In the last twelve months [TTM], net margin was 11.4%. In comparison with the last year sales growth with stable profitability over the last three years, on average, it was able to expand earnings per share [EPS] of 16.9%.
In addition, over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has consistently generating strong operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 8,365 million, and dividend payments amounted to only $ 5404 million. This is the free cash flows to a sufficient degree to ensure the payment of dividends. Thus, the dividends look safe with the potential to consistently generate strong cash flows. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors.

Altria Group, Inc, (MO), through its subsidiaries, manufactures and sells cigarettes and other tobacco products, machine-made large cigars and pipe tobacco. Over the years, Altria paid consistently increasing dividends. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.44 cents / share. The following is a brief history of its consistent dividend increase.

The company shows a strong declaration of income in recent years. However, over the last three years, on average, revenue growth was 1.3% for the industry average was at -1.9%. On the other hand, the company has one of the best operating margins of 41.4%, representing a strong management team. In addition, he showed exceptional EPS growth of 10.2% over the past three years.

In addition, over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has been consistently increasing operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 3,779 million and the payment of dividends, was $ 3,400 million. With a strong financial position and continued profitability, Altria Group looks like a safe bet. Wall Street analysts also recommend a strong buy Altria Group.

Lorillard, Inc (LO) is engaged in the manufacturing of cigarettes and tobacco in the United States. Lorillard offers one of the best high dividend yields. The company now offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.55 cents / share. The following is a brief history of its consistent dividend increase.
The company shows a strong statement of income for the last three years. It was an opportunity to expand revenue year on year basis. In the past three years, on average, revenue growth was 8.2%, while the industry average was at -1.9%. The company has an operating margin of 16.6%. In addition, he showed exceptional EPS growth of 13.5% over the past three years.

Over the years, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has consistently generating strong operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 1,096 million, and the payment of dividends, was $ 807 million. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors. Below are several metrics show strong financial health of the company.

Reynolds American Inc, (RAI), through its subsidiaries, production of cigarettes and other tobacco products in the United States. Currently, Reynolds American offers a quarterly dividend of $ 0.59 cents per share. For the entire 2012, it provides a dividend of $ 2.33. Over the past five years, it has been consistently able to increase the dividend by 38.82%.

The company shows strong financial performance over the last three years. He was able to produce strong revenue and profit. However, over the last three years, on average, revenue growth remained fairly stagnant and was negative 0.5% for the industry average was at -1.9%. However, the company has an operating margin of 26.7%, and in the past three years, its EPS growth of 10.7%.

On the other hand, the company has shown a steady cash flow. Over the past years, it has been consistently increasing operating and free cash flows. Its free cash flows adequately cover the dividend payments. At the end of 2012, its free cash flow was $ 1,091 million and the payment of dividends, was $ 1,307 million. The financial health of the company also seems to be in a strong position to continue to grow profits for investors.

Electronic cigarette smokers – you are inhaling the unknown

Electronic cigarettes sound fantastic. Rather than your lungs fill with tar, they deliver nicotine vapor to satisfy your craving, without unpleasant side effects. They are widely popular as the safe alternative to cigarettes, a harmless way to get a nicotine hit. No wonder that 700,000 people have been using electronic cigarettes in the UK last year; with this figure should rise to over a million by the end of 2013.

imagesDoctors are desperate to reduce the £ 5 billion a year, smoking-related diseases costs the NHS. Anything that can help smokers quit, would be welcome. But electronic cigarettes are not a drug. There’s a reason you’re buying it from a newsstand, and do not get them on prescription. E-cigarettes may look legitimate, but they have not gone through the same rigorous safety checks as a medicinal nicotine replacement therapy.

I want to be sure that I am giving the right advice to patients when they ask about electronic cigarettes are not unwittingly compromise their health. Hardened smokers trying to quit using them as prescription drugs, but they do not have the same guarantee.

A quick search of the medical journal Archives shows about 200 links to electronic cigarettes in the past five years. These products are relatively new, so there are no long-term studies on the impact of them regularly. Instead, the research is focused on what is being delivered to the lungs of smokers, in addition to nicotine.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration analyzed the components of the electronic cigarette cartridges in 2009. They found trace levels of tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) – cancer-causing compounds commonly found in traditional cigarettes, although to a much lower concentration.

Although related, it is not a big surprise – the same levels found in nicotine patches. But the FDA also found diethylene glycol, a component of antifreeze and brake fluid. Rated as the poison of the World Health Organization, at high enough quantities it can cause kidney damage, nerve dysfunction and respiratory failure.

In March 2013, researchers from the University of California examined in detail the aerosol content of the electronic cigarette. They found particles of silver, iron, aluminum and silicate, and nanoparticles of tin, chromium, and nickel. The researchers noted that the concentration of these elements «was higher or equal to the corresponding concentrations in normal cigarette smoke,” and that “many of the elements defined in [electronic cigarette] aerosol is known to cause respiratory disorders and diseases.”

Other papers focus on the social impact of the introduction a highly addictive drug for a new audience. The Journal of Adolescent Health identified the electronic cigarette advertising campaigns that disproportionately appeal to the younger market, including “celebrities, trendy / fashionable images, and fruits, sweets, alcohol and flavors.”

A comparison can be made with alcopops, and there are fears that the awareness of e-cigarettes are much more teenagers than among the general population. Instead of being an opportunity for smokers to go to something less harmful, they can be a gateway to smoking young people who not otherwise try cigarettes.

Some commentators are skeptical restraint physicians to embrace electronic cigarettes. Although I strongly recommend smokers to quit, I do not comfortable playing unregulated, unlicensed product to the consumer, which sells itself as a medicine. It has similarities with the alarming when some doctors have called for smoking to health damage cigarettes has been fully understood.

With a little research, it is clear that we do not know the risks of using electronic cigarettes long-term, and the potential for harm is significant. While the same rules as other nicotine replacements are introduced, electronic cigarettes should be considered snake oil trick that can get a new generation hooked on nicotine before their first smoke.

Electronic cigarettes are a new solution for smoking

The electronic cigarettes, also known by its nickname the “e-cigarette”, is changing the way people smoke. Except, there is no smoke involved.

e-cigarette-replicationEric Adel, a senior from Olathe, electronic cigarettes took three months ago, in his efforts to quit smoking.

“I started using the electronic cigarette as a way to quit smoking. I’ve tried other things before, but so far this is the only method that has been really effective for me,” says Adele.

The electronic cigarette was first invented in 1960, but did not make a full appearance on the market before 2008. Number of people using electronic cigarettes has grown steadily over the past few years. Request to the electronic cigarette is that it does not contain harmful chemicals, which include regular cigarettes, and it emits water vapor instead of toxic smoke.

The main problem, however, is that there is very limited research available that display what the exact impact on the health of electronic cigarettes. Doctors and consumers cannot tell for sure if the electronic cigarette is safer than any regular cigarettes.

In December, FDA held a public hearing on nicotine replacement therapy, and one of the main focuses was on electronic cigarettes. Dr. Gilbert Ross of the American Council on Science and Health spoke at the hearing in support of electronic cigarettes. Dr. Ross is sure that the electronic cigarette is safer than regular cigarettes.

“The substances that are available in electronic cigarettes, water, glycerin or propylene glycol, nicotine is vaporized and in different dosages, it is benign and, in the worst case, it is much less harmful than the products of combustion of tobacco,” Dr. Ross said at the hearing.

Dr. Ross explains that electronic cigarettes should be praised, not punished, because they do not emit harmful fumes and chemicals like regular cigarettes.

“Electronic cigarettes are certainly not cigarettes,” Dr. Ross said. “They are nicotine delivery systems.”

Nicotine craving is a major problem faced by smokers when they decide to quit. Adel said that the electronic cigarette helps them to reduce their intake of nicotine significantly.

“I think the e-cigarette as effective quit smoking, because they mimic the behavior of smoking while satisfying the need for nicotine, but at the same time, you can deliberately reduce the amount of nicotine that you consume,” Adel said. “This is a way to outsmart your addiction.”

Ryan Hughes, a sophomore from Redlands, California also smokes electronic cigarettes, and says that, in general, the electronic cigarette is best for smokers.

“The electronic cigarettes are always longer than regular cigarettes,” Hughes said. “There’s not so much nicotine in electronic cigarettes, so that you can mimic lighter, less rich sensation of smoking, in contrast to the conventional cigarette.”

Adele says that they are cheaper.

“The set originally cost me about $ 40 and come with a battery and a bottle of liquid nicotine,” Adel said. “I spend about $ 10 a week for flavored liquid nicotine. You can buy cheap stuff, but I think it does worth it to spend a little more for a higher quality brand, and you will get the best selection of flavors. Compared to a pack of smokes day, electronic cigarettes are much cheaper. “

Adele says that nicotine addiction is not something that can be easily stopped, but the electronic cigarette is making progress for eliminate its dependence.

“Most people do not realize how powerful nicotine addiction is,” said Adele. “It completely destroys any rational decision-making. It does not matter that you know is going to give you cancer, or that it is unattractive, or that it makes you smell offensive. Psychologically, you just have to have it. Since I began using an electronic cigarette, I drastically reduced the amount of nicotine that I use, and we hope that by using only flavored liquid with zero nicotine over the next month. “