February 2013 - CigarettesReviews.com | CigarettesReviews.com

Monthly Archives: February 2013

International Conference on Management of Tobacco in the 21st century

Imagine for a moment that the plague devastated the developed world, but has not yet established its control over developing countries. If the world’s leaders in the field of public health come together for two days at Harvard to outline the campaign to prevent the spread of the plague, unless you do not want to cover this meeting?

imagesFebruary 26 and 27, under the auspices of the World Health Organization and Harvard University, representatives from more than two dozen countries, the African Union, the European Union and many other public health and international organizations will meet at Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study in Cambridge, Mass., to develop a framework to prevent one billion projected deaths by the end of this century – all caused by the spread of tobacco use in developing countries.

The main purpose of the conference is to prevent the global tobacco industry from using his wealth and power to prevent the passage of laws based on (WHO), the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in developing countries. Industry undermines national laws on trade issues or complaints to the World Trade Organization (WTO), arguing that they violate trade agreements.

Julio Frenk, Dean of Harvard School of Public Health and former Minister of Health of Mexico, said that “by the end of the tobacco epidemic once and for all, we must clearly present the facts that tobacco is detrimental to both public health and the economic health and development of nations. This meeting is a huge opportunity for the prevention of smoking plague raging in developing countries, as it has been raging over the developed countries.”

And Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma: Chairman of the African Union called for a conference of leaders “to prevent the global tobacco industry from the transfer of the burden of tobacco-caused death and disease in developed countries in Africa.”

“Thanks to the tobacco industry, tobacco killed 100 million people last century,” said John R. Seffrin, Ph.D., Executive Director of the American Cancer Society. “If we do not become more aggressive with respect to the industry, they will require a billion people this century; we know how to stop this pandemic. – With good science, good governance, and the political will question whether we will take the necessary. Steps in this direction? “

In addition to Frank, Dlamini-Zuma and Seffrin, leading to the two-day conference will include Dr. Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, Vesile Kulaçoğlu, director of trade and the environment, the World Trade Organization, and Nicola Roxon, Member Parliament, former Attorney General and Minister of Health of Australia, as well as leading scientists, public health officials, and the anti-tobacco campaign of Russia, India, Kenya, Canada, Chile, Thailand and other nations.

A new tax on tobacco products in BC Budget led to the departure

A $ 2 per carton of cigarettes will increase taxes, the statement was made on Tuesday, the head of the Canadian Cancer Society Sun, who wants $ 3 for tax increases boxes. A pack of cigarettes costs about $ 10 in British Columbia, and should be up to nearly 20 percent.

imagesKathryn Seely, chief counsel for the nonprofit healthy public policy, said that the increase of BC “He sits in the middle” of the Canadian provinces in terms of how it taxes cigarettes. “Studies show that increasing the price of tobacco products cause some smokers to quit,” said Seeley. “In particular, young people who are sensitive to price – this can lead to them not to take up the habit.”

Kathryn Seely, chief counsel for the nonprofit healthy public policy, said the increase means BC “sits in the middle” of the Canadian provinces in terms of how it taxes cigarettes. “Studies have noted that growth in the price of tobacco products will lead some smokers to quit.

Seeley said the company would like BC, which will receive $ 44.60 in the box with the new tax increase, ultimately, tax cigarettes as hard as the leaders of the Northwest Territories and Manitoba, which is getting more than $ 56 per box. Quebec and Ontario, the province’s tax cigarettes least as raising less than $ 30 per carton in taxes. In Ontario, the package can cost as little as $ 6.50.

“I understand that it is difficult for smokers to quit,” said Seeley. “But now there is a summer BC smoking cessation program that provides smokers with 1-888-QUIT line (through) that they can get advice and subsidized nicotine replacement therapy.” These supports are currently available to smokers who want to try to quit. “Budget also announced the maximum tax on cigars will also increase from $ 6 to $ 7 per cigar.

Some smokers have approached The Sun Tuesday agreed with the new tax, saying it could be an additional incentive for them to kick their habit. Accountant Megan McDonald, 33, was smoking at school and spends about $ 3,600 a year on her half pack a day habit. “I do not think that’s such a bad idea, because the soaking really not that good for you,” said McDonald. “If this is what is going to help people quit smoking, then hit in the pocket.

If they can not quit for their health, I’m sure they can go, because they could go on holiday somewhere. Vladimir Sychev, 27 years of business analyst who has been smoking for 10 years, said he believes that the new tax is a cash seizure and will support medical institution research.

The cost of weapons and cigarettes

I was brought up on war movies when I was a kid. The Second World War was nearly 10 years past, films that were originally intended to inspire young recruits and shake their loved ones in the rear broke out of our black and white TV, as All-American passion play.

cigarettes-with-moneySince we were just kids, we paid much attention to visual detail, how the actors looked and behaved. We took things literally, metaphors, however, still waiting for us down the road. So we can not avoid that some objects were invested with what amounted to the sacred powers. Of these, the most sacred of all were tobacco and weapons.

My friends and I spent many a day, operate our pint version of what we saw in the movies, as the goal of Burma and The Sands of Iwo Jima. We had plastic guns and adorned themselves with bits and pieces of our gear Army Dad brought home from the real thing. Once, to achieve a higher degree of likelihood, I remember stealing a carton of cigarettes to my mother, so that all of us, 5 – and 6-year-old could see how we smoked, we mowed invisible Nazis.

Cigarettes were common in those days. It would seem that almost all smokers. It was considered good form to offer someone a cigarette, if they stopped your home or office.

Although the U.S. Surgeon General issued the first public warning about the dangers of cigarettes in 1964, smoking continues to hold pride of place in our culture. Smoking was cool. Cigarettes functioned as fashion accessories for everyone from rock stars to the captains of industry. People smoke in commuter trains and on a commercial flight, in the theater lobby and the best restaurants.

Signs were posted in my high school warning about the dangers of smoking, but it did not stop many of us, illuminating. I allow myself to sit down at the college, and in spite of the growing wave of negative feedback, kept it in my 50 years. During this time I worked as a public librarian. I remember in the weekly meetings of department heads, and we were sitting around a large round table with ashtrays positioned every seat.

Those days are gone. Although a few incorrigible souls remain addicted to nicotine lady cultural cache soaking was put out, the dying embers unfiltered butt. It is significant that one of the last bastions of tobacco is, clubs for aging vets.

The history of our cultural love and eventually drop out of cigarettes came in a recent quarrel over what to do about gun violence. It cost comparison because weapons, like cigarettes, are deeply rooted in American culture. Just as the tobacco was one of the first and most lucrative cash crop of America, guns played inseparable, even symbolic, role in the history of our country. Even more so: the right to bear arms is written in the Bill of Rights, placed on freedom of expression and religion.

And, like tobacco, weapons, were also part of what many call the public health crisis. On the same day that the U.S. Senate began holding hearings on gun violence, a man entered the building Phoenix and opened fire, injuring three people, one critically. 15-year-old drum majorette was killed in a Chicago park, adding that the largest amount of city gun-related murders a year. In Alabama, an armed man got into a school bus driver fatally shot and kidnapped six-year-old boy. A doctor in California was killed in the exam room of one of his patients.

They were only the headlines. Slate was able to verify that, since the massacre Newtown in December, one thousand four hundred forty-four Americans were shot. In this case, Bloomberg News estimated that gun-related murders could exceed deaths from car collisions in 2015.

But where, in the 60’s, the doctor can give a report on the basis of research on the link between smoking and cancer, the impact on the health of guns has gone unstudied. This is because, since 1996, gun lobbyists succeeded banning federally funded research on guns. “Public health researchers have done the work to help the public, even more than the politicians really understand the key issues related to firearms,” Arthur Keller Mann, a senior policy analyst and expert in emergency medical care and prevention of injuries in the Rand Corp, said Huffington Post. “This kind of research is very threatening to people who have been involved in the debate over gun control.”

Cultural change is never easy. It took decades to change people’s attitude about smoking. But it happened, and it should be noted, without having to ban or severely restrict people’s access to cigarettes. We taxed Sparks of them is that all?

Something similar should happen with guns. First, though, we need to better understand their impact on public health.

Luther Pendragon is no longer working with Philip Morris

Luther Pendragon said healthcare customers that it no longer works with Philip Morris after some questioned his work with the tobacco company.

imagesAgency work with Philip Morris was thrown into the spotlight at an article in the journal The Lancet, which called Health Organization to reduce their communication last week.

Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry also went public to say that it fell agency in December, after training, he worked with the tobacco company.

Royal Pharmaceutical Society’s head of public affairs Charles Willis told PRWeek: «Luther Pendragon confirmed that they no longer work with Phillip Morris International.

“We are very pleased with this answer, and work with Luther Pendragon spent with us. Work that Luther had their other clients did not contradict the joint work between Luther and RPS.

A representative from the National Pharmacy Association also told PRWeek he realized that was not working Luther Pendragon Philip Morris.

Both pharmaceutical bodies were identified in a letter to The Lancet from senior health professionals Health Organization calls break their ties with the companies PR », who are working to advance the interests of the tobacco industry.

He named a number of health organizations, as former clients Luther Pendragon. However, some organizations are named; including the Royal Pharmaceutical Society, National Pharmacy Association and all party parliamentary groups on pharmacy are current clients of the agency.

Luther Pendragon acts as secretariat to the APPG pharmacies on behalf of Pharmaceutical Services Negotiating Committee, the National Association of pharmacists, chemists Association and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

Group chairman Kevin Barron MP and deputy chairmen Baroness Cumberlege and Oliver Colvile MP did not respond to a request for comment at time of publication.

Prior to the revelation that Luther Pendragon stopped working with Philip Morris, spokesman for the Association of vision correction and the Federation Ophthalmic optics and dispensing, as mentioned in part Lancet, said at the time he was working with Luther Pendragon in the past, ‘it is actually not in the past two years.

Spokesman said: “We were not aware of the relationship and are very supportive of any action against smoking and labeling of tobacco products, particularly in connection with the eye of public health.

St George’s Health NHS Trust also said it did not work with Luther Pendragon in 2010, when he used the agency a brief description of the project on branding, when trust has been consolidated.

On Friday, he responded to requests for Twitter question its relationship with the agency, saying: “We always strive to uphold the values of our suppliers NHS» and that “trust has no current plans to provide any services or other support from Luther Pendragon.

The representative of the trust said it had received a number of inquiries from the public about their work with Luther Pendragon.

NHS Skills for Health, a company that has the license of the Department of Business Innovation and Skills also said it did not work with Luther Pendragon for a number of years.

Philip Morris has been listed as a client of Luther Pendragon APPC register to lobby on 1 June 2012.

Luther Pendragon declined to comment while Phiip Morris confirmed the agency stops providing consulting services to it in the UK.

Cigarettes

Not all cigarettes make part from the same category. Smokers that are around the world prefer many various tastes and our companies aim for excellence in every manufacturing step.

cigarettesCigarette design is more hardly to understand. Our companies work to understand the adult preferences and to design cigarettes. It is the preference of adult consumers to guide with tobacco blends. We work to ensure that the grades are available long term to keep the products consistence.

Foods ingredients and flavors are added to the same types of cigarettes. American blends balanced the natural tobacco taste, and give to individual brands their aroma and flavor. Other ingredients of the cigarettes control moisture.

Nicotine is not added in making cigarettes.  It occurs naturally in all varieties of tobacco plants.

The filter, paper and level of filter ventilation are all chosen to affect the sensory strength and smoke yield of the cigarette. At each stage, there is constant quality control and testing.

Cigarettes have four basic components:

  • The tobacco rod
  • The cigarette paper around the tobacco rod
  • The filtration zone
  • The filter and tipping around the filtration zone.

The tobacco in the rod includes tobacco lamina (the flat part of the tobacco leaf), tobacco stem (midribs of the leaf), and expanded lamina.

The cigarette paper includes paper and adhesive.

The filter is made mainly from cellulose acetate fibers, known as tow.  Cellulose acetate is derived from wood pulp.  The fibers are bonded together with a hardening agent, triacetin plasticizer, which helps the filter to keep its shape.  The filter is wrapped in paper and sealed with a line of adhesive.  Sometimes charcoal is added to filters.

The tipping paper includes paper and adhesive.

Design adjustments achieve different strengths and tastes, and can reduce smoke yields of various smoke components, as measured by a standardized machine method.  See Cigarette design and manufacture on the drop-down menu.

What happens when a cigarette burns?

For to understand cigarette design, you should know how a cigarette burns. If they were burned instead of tobacco, it would also produce a type of tar. When a cigarette burns, it produces special gases creating the smoke. A cigarette filter traps some of these particles.

When a smoker puffs on a cigarette, whole smoke, including both fine particles and gases, is sucked through the tobacco rod and the filter.  Gases pass through the filter, and some particles are trapped in it.  It is this particulate matter, minus nicotine and water that is called tar.

Smoke has over 4,000 constituents, many of them also found in the air we breathe and our food.  These constituents include the emissions listed on packs, such as tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. Water vapor is also produced by the combustion, because the burning of any organic material breaks down the chemical components and produces water.

Filter biodegradability

Filter tips are biodegradable over a month and three years, depending from environmental conditions. Although we are researching more rapid breakdown and present that we know that filters cause littering problems.

We believe the best way to reduce potential litter problems is for consumers to dispose of filters and cigarette packs in a responsible way.

Health smoking risks

Smoking poses real risks of really serious diseases. We are working to develop products that may be recognized as less harmful. Health risks of smoking can be viewed at Health science.