November 2012 - |

Monthly Archives: November 2012

Tobacco producers raise list price on cigarettes

Altria is pushing through price increase of six cents per pack across all cigarette brands

–Move later mirrored by Reynolds American, Lorillard

–Altria’s price hike enacted on shipments effective Dec. 3, rivals’ increase takes effect on Friday

Altria Group Inc. MO +0.48% is pushing through a price increase of six cents per pack across all of the company’s cigarette brands, the second round of price rises the tobacco producer has taken on those products this year.

The maker of Marlboro cigarette and L&M cigarette confirmed it would enact the price increase on shipments effective Dec. 3. The move was later matched by rivals Reynolds American Inc. RAI -0.44%and Lorillard Inc. LO -0.0083%, which have also now raised prices twice in 2012.

Reynolds American confirmed it would raise the list price on all cigarette brands by six cents per pack and increase the price of Camel Snus by five cents per tin. Lorillard, meanwhile, raised the list price by six cents per pack for all cigarette brands with the exception of Old Gold, which the company left unchanged.

The list-price hikes enacted by Reynolds American and Lorillard each go into effect on Friday.

Altria, the largest U.S. tobacco producer, typically leads on pricing decisions. In June, it raised the list price on cigarettes by six cents per pack, an increase that was matched by Reynolds American. Lorillard has been pushing through generally higher prices of late.

At first glance, the price increases could ease concerns investors and analysts have raised in recent months about the strength of profits generated by domestic tobacco companies. All three firms have heightened price promotions in a battle to win or defend market share as consumers remain under pressure due to a weak economy.

Though all three players enacted two rounds of list price increases last year, over that same period, the higher prices haven’t necessarily hurt consumers. Altria has actually kept a lid on the per-pack price for Marlboro with pricing promotions that have helped the company gain market share.

Stifel Nicolaus analyst Christopher Growe said he was relieved by Altria’s pricing decision given the heightened promotions in recent months. Though Reynolds American and Lorillard ultimately raised their list prices, as many observers expected, Mr. Growe expects those rivals will keep spending on promotions to remain competitive.

“Raising prices on time and in line with history and our model should put investors’ minds at ease,” Mr. Growe wrote in an analyst note. “We believe the threat of no or low pricing in December at least somewhat weighed on the valuations of U.S. tobacco companies.”

UBS analyst Nik Modi in a research note said pricing is a key driver to the sector’s profits and stock performance. Mr. Modi said ultimately, the larger tobacco firms should be in a position to take market share from deep-discount peers who are struggling with higher costs related to new Food and Drug Administration regulation.

Shares of Altria rose 0.5% to close at $33.57 Thursday. Reynolds American’s stock dropped 0.4% to $43.45 while Lorillard ended the session down a penny to $120.41. Among the three stocks, Altria has had the best performance so far in 2012.

Higher tobacco taxes Goal kick the habit in Indonesia

With 67% of Indonesian men older than 15 years, smoking, and about a quarter of boys aged between 13 and 15 hooked on cigarettes, officials and activists hope that the recent increase in the tobacco excise tax will be the first step in rolling back the country’s nicotine dependence.

The government announced on Tuesday that it would increase the excise tax by an average of 9% next year to increase the revenue of the state, and to encourage people taking unhealthy habits.

“We welcome the government’s plans,” said Tubagus Haryo Karbyanto, the main fighter for the National Commission on Tobacco Control (Komnas PT).

“Our cigarette prices are so low that even kids can afford to buy chem. Why the smoking epidemic is so massive.”

Cigarettes sell for about $ 1 a pack in Indonesia, much less than in neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Thailand, where the pack goes for $ 3 to $ 4. In developed countries like the U.S. and Australia, cigarettes can cost more than $ 10 per pack. Even the excise tax on cigarettes, which is now less than 45%, is extremely low by regional standards.

Tubagus said that raising taxes on cigarettes was the fastest way to curb smoking, especially among children and families with low incomes.

“In addition, the tax will not affect the cigarette companies because they will pass on the cost to their customers,” he said.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey released this year is the Indonesians as heavy smokers in the world, 70% of all male citizens over 15 years, covering series. According to WHO, about a quarter of Indonesian boys aged 13 to 15, and smoke.

Tubagus urged the government to amend the Tax Act and Excise Act, which provides that tobacco excise taxes could be increased to 60%, while for alcoholic beverages may be set at 80 percent.

“Cigarettes should be treated the same as alcohol, to get the best results,” he said.

However, Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi claim, which is 9%, more than was started in order to avoid resistance from tobacco farmers and lobbyists.

“Do not just look at the number. Better to do it gradually than face resistance,” she said.

Indonesian tobacco industry millions of working and is one of the largest cigarette manufacturing world markets, about 8% of government revenues coming from the cigarette excise tax.

Powerful tobacco lobby has been actively campaigning to block regulations that restrict the sale.

Campaigners say that despite the creation of more state revenue, industry absorbs money from low-income families, trapping them in a cycle of poverty.

Maryland Considers Cigarette Tax Hike

Smokers from Maryland always pay the highest taxes for cigarette production, something like $2 for a cigarette pack; the taxes will increase by the dollar in 2013, making Maryland the sixth highest taxed state. Maryland raised its tax on cigarette with $1 in 2008; DeMarco argued that the increase of cigarette tax would encourage smokers to quit.

The one important thing about tobacco increase is in achievement of both goals. The Washington Times estimates the proposed increase that would bring $100 millions every year. It is a win for the state and we a re doing this because of public health measures.

Opponents for increasing have expressed the tax raising that would encourage smokers to quit and to travel across the states lines for cigarette purchase, which offer the second lower especially from Virginia State.

“For across-border purchases, an increase just make it more attractive,” State Senator David R. Brinkley (R) told the newspaper.

The Maryland comptroller’s office has also come out against the increase because of smuggling, stating that Maryland needs to increase smuggling penalties before it raises the cigarette tax again. Currently, transporting contraband cigarettes into Maryland is a felony with a maximum of a $50-per-carton fine and up to two years in prison; possessing contraband cigarettes is a misdemeanor with a $1,000 fine and up to a year in prison time.

“Raising the taxes on cigarettes without tightening the enforcement on smuggling is going to lead to more problems,” Kim Frum, spokesperson for Comptroller Peter V.R. Franchot (D), told the paper. “These are very lucrative smuggling operations.”

DeMarco affirmed that smuggling operations are large scale and represent a problem, and he said that he believes that the average consumers are not driving across cigarette lines and the smuggling has been exaggerated.

People are not going to spend $5 in gas for saving $1on cigarette tax.

There will be a little bit of that, but at the end you’ll see only some people smoking.

Tobacco Company appeals in cigarette samples case

Willie Evans remembers all that his mother tried to quit smoking: patches, gum, and even hypnotism.

Her attempts failed. Marie Evans died of lung cancer in 2002 at age 54.

Willie Evans sued Lorillard Tobacco Co, claiming that the company got his mother hooked on smoking by giving away free samples of cigarettes to children in her Boston housing construction in the 1950s and ’60s.

The jury awarded $ 152 million in damages, a sum which was later reduced to $ 116 million.

Lorillard appeal matters before the highest court in the state next month. The company claims the judge made several rulings that allowed Lorillard from receiving a fair trial.

For Willie Evans, the appeal is yet another step in the process of finding justice for his mother.

“We believe that today, our response will be, if the tobacco companies had to go to the playground and give cigarettes to children, and we would be outraged,” he said.

“My reaction is one of outrage that they are focused on children at such a young age.”

In 2010, the court, the lawyers said Evans Marie Evans first received free samples of cigarettes Newport Lorillard, when she was 9 or 10 years. She said that initially gave them her older sister, or sells them for candy, but then started smoking Newport’s you regularly when she was about 13.

One of the sisters Mary Evans revealed that the cigarettes were delivered to the white truck, which attracts adults and children in the Orchard Park housing project in the Roxbury section of Boston.

In the video shows that the deposition of the jury, said Marie Evans gifts was a “big impact” on her.

“Because they were available … I do not worry about finding the money to buy them,” she said.

Evans said that it was about 50 attempts to quit, but always went back to smoking.

“I was addicted …. I just could not stop,” she said.

Lorillard’s lawyers argued in court that Evans made the decision to start smoking and continue to smoke even after it had suffered a heart attack in 1985, and her doctors advised her to leave.

The company denied giving away samples of cigarettes to children. In its appeal, Lorillard said that it was deprived of a fair trial, in part because the judge allowed the jury to hear about Evans claims that the company marketed its cigarettes African Americans and children.

“This story was obviously racially charged and inflammatory,” the company’s lawyers argued in court documents filed in the appeal.

“Racial aspects of the story were completely inappropriate. There is no evidence that Lorillard conceived Newport, as” African-American “brand. Evidence that Lorillard market Newport to all races using the same advertising campaign in magazines aimed at African-Americans as it was in general circulation magazines. “

Evans declined to comment on the lawyers appeal to Lorillard. In court documents, they said that the judge “acted within its discretion in recognizing the evidence of false and misleading marketing Lorillard to youth and African-Americans.”

Lorillard believes that it has a strong case and are optimistic the Supreme Court will overturn the court verdict, “based on errors made during the trial,” the spokesman said.

“We believe that the plaintiff prevailed at trial in connection with significant deviations from the law of Massachusetts, a number of important aspects of the proceedings, which Lorillard violated basic procedural rights,” spokesman Gregg Perry said.

Perry said that if the decision is upheld, “it will have the potential to cause the flow of lawsuits against manufacturers selling all sorts of products in Massachusetts, and thus undermine the business climate of the state.”

Several business groups filed friend-of-the-court briefs supporting the appeal Lorillard, including the Product Liability Advisory Council, Inc. and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Health Coalition seeks $ 1 increase in the cigarette tax

Supporters of health care make $ 1 increase in taxes on the sale of cigarettes their top priority for the 2013 session of the General Assembly.

Health for All Coalition President Vincent DeMarco said at a press conference on 14 November that the new tax hike will be based on the success of the 2008 tax increase and the increase this year on smokeless tobacco and cigars are not enough. Supporters say reduce tobacco use in Maryland may be associated with the last tax increase.

“Over the past ten years, the three tax increase on cigarettes reduced smoking by 35%,” said Marco.

Marco and the other defenders of the cigarette tax said that tax increases are effective in preventing young people from buying cigarettes.

Since 2000, the government increased taxes on cigarettes by $ 1.64.5$ 1 increase in 2007 generated about $ 100 million in revenue, Marco said.

The money went into the general fund and assist in the expansion of Medicaid in 2009, said Matthew Celentano, deputy director of the Maryland Citizens Health Initiative.

Coalition published a list of more than 600 groups that supported the tax increase, including religious communities, trade unions and health advocates.

“It is a measure of the health of the social income,” said Marco. “This is different from other taxes, and they have strong public support.”

2012 study conducted by the Annapolis-based research firm opinion of the citizens of Maryland and funded by the Health Initiative found that 65% of voters in favor of raising taxes on tobacco.

“Some lawmakers say it is a regressive tax, it affects poor people more, but to do so on health,” said the Rev. Fred Weimert, chairman of the Central Maryland Ecumenical Council. “This is a community that needs health care.”

 Delaware Michael D. Smigiel was a critic of tobacco tax increases, because, in his words, taxes just a way for the state to get more revenue from people who are addicted to tobacco.

“There’s a relationship here, and it has nothing to do with tobacco,” Smigiel said. “We are dependent on money. If this is about health, let’s be the first state in the nation to ban all tobacco.”

Another problem, Smigiel said that Marylanders will drive across the border to states with lower taxes on tobacco as Virginia, to buy tobacco products.

“And until they are, they will buy the eggs and milk and bread and lottery tickets and alcohol, and we will lose all that revenue,” Smigiel said.

Comptroller Peter Franchot did not approve the tax increase, he is more focused on getting legislation passed to toughen penalties for the smuggling of tobacco products into or through Maryland from a low tax rate for these products.

“The two issues tax increases and punishment smuggling] to be together,” said Kim Frum, the press service Franchot author. “Raising taxes on cigarettes without tightening of smuggling is going to lead to more problems. This is a very profitable smuggling operations.”

Tobacco exports to China top US$40

Zimbabwe exported tobacco with $40 to China representing 40% of the crop produced this year, the Tobacco Industry revealed this week.

TIMB chief executive Andrew Matibiri said that the China exports attracted some of the prices of US$9 per kilogram which was important better than the US$7.30 price achieved in 2011 when the country exported 60 million kg.

Our tobacco continues to be asked the world over. China is not alone in the pursuit of our tobacco. This is so because of its smoking flavor and very little cigarettes brands are made without Zimbabwean components.

Zimbabwe earned US$525 million for 144 million kg of tobacco in this season, 46% grew from the previous years US$360 million.

Overall output missed the 150 million kg of tobacco production till the end of the season but tobacco farming continues rebound after a lot of declining years.

South Africa is the main consumer of local tobacco in the region, importing 12 million of kg previous year and 7 millions kg this year. Sudan imported one million kg last year and two million kg this year from Zimbabwe.

TIMB retail about Japan that this country offer the highest prices for tobacco in Zimbabwe in 2012. United Arab Emirates showed a big interest in local tobacco while UK built 10 million kg and 11 million kg this year.

The UAE has so far imported five million kg from Zimbabwe, eight million kg shy of the figure it imported last season. Belgium last year imported nine million kg of local tobacco and has so far imported seven million kg.

The UAE has imported 5 millions kg from Zimbabwe, 8 million kg shy from the figures it imported previous season.

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JPs consider telephone costs, tobacco rules, road standards

Justice of the Peace influenced tobacco policies, slew and road standards more than three hours.

More than a third of that meeting was devoted in 2013 budget.

On Friday discussion JPs added to the budget $2.000 in funding for the Citizens Council.

The council that operates under auspices of the Emergency and Country Office , oversees the neighborhood Director of the Council asked the magistrates to receive financial assistance in the past month after the grant funding previously relied on dried up.

In addition, at the meeting on Friday, JP Ronald Flake said he was disappointed that the only library clerk county judge, the public defender, and the Department of Coordination and 911 cards reducing its budget in 2013 in the field of telephone communication.

Earlier this summer, the telecommunications consulting firm Insight said they could save the county $ 30,000 a year in telephone costs, following the analysis of the bills District.

It was later established that the authority to enter into a contract with the company rested with each department head, and most departments subsequently decided not to enter into contracts with the company.

Flake previously suggested that magistrates pressure departments to act on factoring savings in their budgets. He raised the same idea on Friday.

“We are in a difficult budget year”, Flake said. If we want to save money, why not make some phone savings by reducing the budgets of the phone?”

Flake said he would not vote to approve the 2013 budget, which does not factor in a telephone savings promised Insight.

In response Mumaugh recalled Flake, that magistrates were legally responsible to adopt the budget before the end of the year, and that all outstanding issues can be discussed later, “in good faith”.

“I do not want to see the budget raised about how the head office or the head of department pays the telephone bill,” he said.

“The budget of the time, we always go all in” Flake answer, “and then we never do anything about it., Which has been our history for as long as I was here.”

The budget was presented to the end of next month. Under state law, the final budget must be adopted before the end of the year.

Also Friday, JPS has passed two resolutions in the law. The first, sponsored by Flake, establishes technical standards for adoption of streets in the district roads.

Second decision tightens the rules tobacco, to prohibit smoking in county vehicles and within 25 feet of the entrance to any building district. Before the decree banned smoking only inside buildings.

Richey, sponsor amendments previously proposed restrictions are tobacco. However, he softened the language to smokeless tobacco at the request of Sheriff Bob Grudek.

In other news, JPS:

Heard from County Judge Sam Barr on the annual legislative audit District. Barr will travel to Little Rock on December 13 to address the problems with inventory District Secretary District Court disaster recovery plan and the financial statements in the county airport.
* Approved Price County, school and municipal mileage for the year. None of the regular tax rates have changed. However,

A resolution to support the salaries of elected officials at current levels until 2014.

* Submitted by decree, which would allocate money for the final pay period of 2012. This year has 27 pay periods rather than the usual 26, and judges who do not consider this fact when the budget for 2012, so the ruling. The measure was introduced after Flake raised the issue of how to wage the elected officials would be affected (see previous article:

* $ 57,782.50 appropriation to the sheriff’s office to replace two vehicles was last month in high-speed chase. The money was the result of insurance compensation after the accident.

* The provision of money for overtime in the county jail and dispatch center. Additional funds were raised from other positions within existing departmental budgets.

* Provision $ 14,420 received from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the sheriff’s office.

* Appointed Rick Shelton in Forest Lake Acres Regional Services unit.

Before adjourning the meeting, magistrates voted to transfer their next meeting to allow County staff more time to finish in the 2013 budget. The next meeting of the quorum court will be held at 10 am on December 14 in the County Courthouse in Berryville.

Raising taxes on tobacco will save lives

Smoking-related diseases and deaths are a serious threat to the health of China’s future and prosperity. But this threat can be reduced with a strong policy action to reduce smoking.

Of all the alarming statistics on smoking in China, there is one that stands out. That is, without measures to reduce smoking, out of 300 million boys and young men to 29 years in the country at the present time, 100 million will die of premature death due to tobacco. This means that one out of three boys, who are now the sons, grandsons, brothers, children of school age, and one out of every three young men who are fathers, colleagues and friends will die prematurely.

One of the most effective mechanisms for governments around the world is used to reduce the number of people who smoke tobacco tax increases. The increase in the retail price of tobacco through taxation could reduce tobacco consumption by encouraging existing smokers to quit, reducing the number of cigarettes smoked per person, and to stop people – especially young people – from starting.

Cigarettes are very cheap in China, 50 percent of smokers spend about 5 Yuan (80 U.S. cents) or less for a pack of 20 cigarettes. The average cost of a pack of cigarettes in developed countries is much higher, due to the heavy taxes on tobacco products.

Unprecedented economic growth in China over the past two decades means tobacco actually becomes more affordable, and incomes have risen faster than the price of cigarettes. In 2000, bought 100 packets of cheap cigarettes will need about 14 percent of the average annual income per capita in 2010, it requires less than 3 percent of the average annual income per capita.

Framework convention of the World Health Organization’s Tobacco Control, to which China is a party, is a science-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health. It encourages countries to increase taxes on tobacco products, taking into account their national health objectives concerning tobacco control. In addition, as a best practice, the WHO recommends that at least 70 percent of the retail price of cigarettes come from the excise tax. The effective tax rate as a percentage of the retail price of tobacco products in China is much lower – 30 to 40 percent, according to most estimates.

Increasing taxes on tobacco products are not only save lives and reduce the country’s healthcare costs; it would also benefit the government, creating an additional revenue without hurting the economy.

Data collected by Professor Zheng Rong at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing and Professor Teh-wei Hu of the University of California in the United States shows that a slight increase in the tobacco tax, if passed on the retail price of cigarettes will rise billion additional revenues for Government and save hundreds of thousands of lives.

1 Yuan increase in the price of each pack of cigarettes can reduce the consumption of cigarettes in China for 3 billion packages per year, reducing the number of smokers in the country of 3.42 million and increase the annual income of the state is 97.5 billion Yuan to 129 billion Yuan .

Raising taxes on tobacco products, which increases the retail price of cigarettes, would be “win-win” for China, not least for those millions of boys and young men whose lives would otherwise be lost due to this killer.

Tobacco taxes to increase MO taxes

Missouri voters in recent decades have avoided raising taxes for a number of things: the funding of schools and transportation projects, improvement of 911 and pay for public health efforts.

The proposals were defeated narrowly wide margins, rejected in the general elections, primaries and elections in the spring. And they were rejected when supporter’s previous unsuccessful attempts I decided to try again.

Passing the tax increase in the state of Missouri was terribly difficult, regardless of the tax or a place for extra cash.

The most recent example of a non-tax state of Missouri was defeated in this month to increase taxes on tobacco products, which is called for divvying money between K-12 education, colleges and smoking cessation and prevention programs. On the same day, local authorities tried to win approval for the replacement of the tax after the state Supreme Court invalidated a long charged tax on vehicles purchased outside the state.

City and county organizations said the new “Use Tax” was rejected by two-thirds of the cities and counties where it came from. Richard Sheets, deputy director of the Missouri Municipal League, said “anti-tax” mood seemed to be a factor in the defeat.

“It’s a tough question,” he said.

In the state election, the taxes have been tougher. Raising taxes on tobacco products were brought down three times in the last decade. Cell phone taxes failed in 1999 and 2002. The plan to raise the sales tax and gasoline tax for transportation was rejected in August 2002. Tax proposals were also killed in 1982, 1988 and 1991.

A few years after voters rejected a tax increase to improve school funding, Governor Mel Carnahan and the state Legislature passed one in 1993 without seeking voter approval. In 1996, an amendment to the Constitution requires voter authorization to substantial tax increases approved.

The last time voters went to the Missouri state tax increase – not counting the ballot initiative for the casino, which included the tax component – was 1987. Before then, voters approved a new sales tax for parks and soil and water conservation in 1984, resuming it in 1988, 1996 and 2006.

Overall, Missouri voters have a 25-year-old back row of new or increased taxes, which translates to a lighter tax burden than other states. Federation of Tax Administrators estimated that in 2011, the Missouri state government collected about $ 1682 per person (excluding local taxes), lower than all but four other states.

17-percent tax on a pack of cigarettes is the lowest at the national, and Missouri was the second longest without raising taxes on cigarettes. North Dakota last increased taxes on tobacco products a few months before Missouri made in 1993.

So the need for voters to approve a tax increases?

And in combination with other policy changes may not work as it was four years ago, when voters signed the initiative of raising taxes casinos. But the measure, which was supported by the casino industry and the limited number of casinos that can be licensed in the state of Missouri and scrapped a limit to how many players, can lose.

Material benefits issue, too. Pointing to a specific road or building to be constructed may be easier to sell than abstract concepts, such as how much extra money will come in education.

Demonstration of some of the budget exhaustion can help win some unruly voters.

Patrick Werner, the state director of the conservative Americans for Prosperity, said that it will be a long time before he could see that his organization supported the tax increase. However, he said efforts to reduce costs, accompanied by demonstration, how budgets have been cut and what priorities of funding were managed could help persuade some Missourians to increase taxes.

“You’ll at least get a better reception from the people,” Werner said.

Approval of the increase may require a more extensive review of taxes Missouri.

Amy Blouin, executive director of the nonprofit project budget of Missouri, who was among the groups that support the latest tobacco taxes, said it may be time for debate on the modernization of the tax system to update the income tax brackets, and close business loopholes.

She said that she seems to be more active in the last “no” than tax hostility. Blouin said the doubts funds are used appropriately and concerns about targeting tax that pays only a part of the population, but also will benefit more.

“I think, Missourians reached a point where it becomes clear that they want services”, Blouin said.

But it is unclear whether that translates to the electorate is ready to say “yes” after years of failures.

Raising tobacco tax would save lives

Smoking-related illnesses and deaths are a serious threat to China’s future health and prosperity. But this threat can be reduced with strong policy action to reduce smoking rates. But this problem can be solved.

Of all statistics about smoking in China, there is one that goes out. 300 millions of young men and boys up to the age of 29, 100 millions will die a premature death because of tobacco.

One of the effective mechanisms around the world has reduced the number of people who smoke. Increasing the retail price of tobacco taxes can reduce tobacco consumption by encouraging smokers to quit.

Cigarettes products are very cheap in China; more the 50% of Chinese smokers spend 5Yuan on a pack of 20 cigs. The cost of cigarettes pack is higher due to the taxes imposed on tobacco products.

The unfrequented economic growth in China means tobacco has become more affordable, as their incomes have increased rapidly than the price of cigarettes. Buying the cheapest cigarettes would require 14%oer incomes, in 2010 it require nearly 15% per capital income.

The World health Organization’s Framework on Tobacco Control, is evidence based for to treat the reaffirms rights of all people to highest standard of health. It recommends that countries increase tobacco taxes according to tobacco control.

The World Health

Increasing of tobacco taxes would save lives and reduces the country’s healthcare cost.

Data compiled by professor Rong Zheng at the International Business University and Economics in Beijing and professor The-Wei Hu at the Californian University in the USA show that a modest increase in tobacco tax. The billions of revenue for the government and save thousand of lives.

A one Yuan increase in the price of each pack of cig could decrease the consumption of China by 3 billion packs a year, reducing the number of smokers. That is billions of dollars of additional revenue that could reinvest the benefits of China population.

A tobacco tax increase that increase the retail price of cigs from China, not least millions of boys and young men whose lives will be lost because of the killer.

Reynolds funding cigarette disposal

A subsidiary of the second largest country cigarette manufacturer Reynolds American Inc., the financing of the national recycling program to reward do-gooders to clean tobacco waste and turn cigarette butts into pellets used for items such as plastic pallets shipping, railroad ties and park benches.

New Mexico-based Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co, a manufacturer of Natural American Spirit cigarettes, combined with TerraCycle Inc. for the program. It aims to put out one of the most littered items in the U.S., which produces about 135 million pounds a year and butts get tossed on the road, thrown in the trash or put in public ashtrays.

“You do not have to walk or drive very far to see that smokers often give up cigarettes waste so that debris environment,” Santa Fe head of sales and marketing, Cressida Lozano, said in a statement. The costs of the sponsorship, which will be officially announced on Thursday, were not disclosed.

Through the program team waste cigarettes, organizations, and people over the age of 21 can collect cigarette waste and send them to TerraCycle through paid shipping label. After receiving the participants will receive a credit to be transferred to Keep America Beautiful, a non-profit activities of the community and educational organizations. They will receive about $ 1 per pound garbage that is about 1,000 cigarette butts.

TerraCycle, based in Trenton, New Jersey, then processed into granules of filters is used to make a number of items, including ashtrays. Paper and tobacco will also be composted. The company took about two years to develop the processing of cigarette butts that are made of paper, tobacco, ash, and cellulose acetate filter.

TerraCycle CEO and founder Tom Szaky said the program provides a solution for the filters that are properly disposed of in an ashtray or a can, but still end up in a landfill.

Szaky said the company is committed to “recycling, others consider useless or questionable.” Disposal of cigarette litter will promote the idea that “everything can and should be recycled,” he said.

Cigarette waste accounts for 38 percent of all litter roadways U.S., according to a study done in 2009 Keep America Beautiful.

The study also found that cigarette butts are the most common debris item collected on the sites, including shopping areas, storm drains, loading docks, construction sites and recreational areas.

In addition, more than 1 million cigarette butts – enough to fill about 58,000 packages – were taken to the American beaches and inland waterways in 2011 as part of the Ocean Conservancy’s annual one-day international coastal cleanup. Cigarette litter is about 31 percent of the garbage collected, making it the most found element in these efforts.

“Trash is really too valuable to give up, so we have to find alternative ways to change the cycle and waste and convert it,” said Nicholas Mallos, marine debris expert with the group.

In 2003, the Keep America Beautiful Cigarette litter prevention started the program and it has grown to include more than 800 programs in 49 states and Washington, DC, has been developed with the assistance of the country’s largest cigarette manufacturer Philip Morris USA, which is owned by Richmond, Va.-based Altria Group Inc., the program also has received additional funding from Winston-Salem, North Carolina-based Reynolds American, maker of

The new program is based on the cigarettes other efforts on recycling TerraCycle, which encourages consumers to collect difficult to process materials with programs financed companies in specific industries. For example, Frito Lay Inc. of program for recycling used chip bags and Kraft Foods Inc., the sponsor of the program for the collection of plastic containers with dairy products. For most programs, participants receive credits that can be donated to various charities and causes.

Low prices can destroy tobacco farmers in Lombok

Tobacco farmers in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), said that low demand and a drop in sales price for Virginia tobacco variety threatens their livelihood.

Farmers who are big crop losses this year, asking the regional administration to intervene in the market.

This year’s harvest has brought little but misery Lombok independent tobacco farmers. Sale price of Virginia tobacco currently ranges from Rp 3.000 (31 U.S. cents) and Rp 5,000 per kilogram, plummeted from between Rp 30.000 (US $ 3, 30) and Rp 35,000 a kilogram in 2011.
“Last year, we could sell tobacco to Rp 3 million per kilogram, and the price dropped to 3,500 rupees per kilogram,” Lalu Musdar, farmer Janapria, Central Lombok, said. “Companies manipulate prices as they wish. We want the governor to urge them to buy tobacco from us at a fair price.”

Musdar, who planted Virginia tobacco on more than 1.3 hectares of his farm in Janapria, said that he will incur a loss of up to Rp 70 million, if he can not sell his crop.
Operating costs to grow tobacco this year as prices rose, sales fell. Musdar said he rented 1.3 hectares for the cultivation of tobacco for Rp 8,000,000, while its other costs have also increased.
Fertilizer prices, for example, have grown from 200,000 to Rp Rp 300,000 per hundredweight. Musdar said that he had paid for eight quintals to raise their crops.

Salaries have also risen sharply, from Rp 15,000 last year to 35,000 crore this year.
For our production costs, we borrowed from the cooperative and moneylenders at a high rate of interest”, Musdar said.
Tobacco cultivation is concentrated in three municipalities on the island of Lombok, Central, East and West Lombok. More than 16,373 hectares were devoted to the cultivation of tobacco in 2012.
Farmers set production targets 32,464 tons, which they planned to sell up to 21 partner companies.
However, the five companies refused to buy from farmers, while several others have reduced the size of their purchase, citing the decline in production of cigarettes. Another farmer, Fatahillah, urged the regional administration to revoke the license operating companies that are not able to raise the price of tobacco.

“The government promised to do this before, but it was not implemented, as now. Companies buy tobacco from farmers, but they buy it at a much lower standard prices», Fatahillah said.
By Fatahillah, provincial governor should immediately press the tobacco buying companies to buy tobacco from farmers at a higher price, as NTB Regulation № 4/2006 on the cultivation and the Virginia Tobacco-Farming Partnership.
The decree provides that the Governor has the right to organize a local Virginia tobacco farming business.

Abdul Haris, Economic Affairs assistant NTB provincial secretariat, said the administration urged tobacco companies to buy from farmers. However, Abdul said the administration can not intervene in the pricing.

Chewing on a limited tobacco policy

The Student Government Association of the University of Memphis is trying to give the community the right to chew – tobacco, that is.

On November 8, the SGA passed a resolution that would change the current limited on-campus tobacco use policy “on-campus smoking ban,” allowing smokeless tobacco to be used on campus.

Addison Piggott, SGA senator who sponsored the resolution, said that students should be able to use tobacco anywhere on the street, because there are no harmful effects of secondhand smoking.

Piggott identified smokeless tobacco as a “dip, snuff, [or] any form of chewing tobacco, which are not connected with the fire or smoke.”

Electronic cigarettes are not included in this resolution because they are “technically smoking products”, Piggott said, but if he can determine that they do not have the harmful effects of passive, it is not you a bill allowing them also.

While SGA voted for approval of the resolution for the consideration of administrative, Maria Alam, assistant vice president and chief human resources officer, said students initially led ban on tobacco account administration through SGA.

“The initiative to eliminate tobacco was first introduced in 2010, students in the Student Government Association,” she said. “Based on the feedback received from the students and the general university community, the tobacco-free initiative was changed to a limited tobacco initiative.”

Piggott said, setting the designated areas of tobacco, tobacco smoke contains, but there is no need to include smokeless tobacco, because there are no negative consequences for the user.

“Tobacco, which produces smoke, is harmful, and we protect the rights of non-smoking,” he said. “We decided to smoking areas, so that people who want to smoke can still do it, and those who can not find their way around it, so we do not violate the rights of people anyway.”

But Alam said that the purpose of the limited use of tobacco policy is “to promote a healthy lifestyle through a healthy environment for students, staff and visitors,” not only to eliminate tobacco smoke.

At the meeting, SGA senate, senator spoke about the filth of “spitting” of smokeless tobacco. Piggott said that smokeless tobacco is biodegradable and does not stain the concrete.

Mason Lin, a sophomore finance major and Senator College of Arts and Sciences, voted for approval of the resolution.

“I think that people can do whatever they want to do as long as it does not hurt other people,” he s


Alam said that any resolution will be proposed by Vice President of Student Affairs Rosie Bingham.

The resolution does not take effect until the administration approves it. Piggott said he plans to speak with SGA President Russell Born and U of M Police Services on how to get the University to allow students to start using smokeless tobacco throughout campus.

“It’s a matter of rights and freedoms,” he said.

Cigarette tax increase

Al Nevers, a 56-year-old truck driver from Illinois, is not a smoker. But on the last swing through Missouri, he stopped U-Gas station on Bryan Road to pick up a carton of Newport’s.

The cigarettes were for his friends back in Chicago.

“When they hear I’m going to Missouri, they say,” Hey, get me a cigarette “,” Nevers said.

Cigarettes are cheaper here because Missouri is the lowest-in-the-nation tobacco tax – 17 cents per pack. On Tuesday, state voters will decide whether they want to shed that distinction.

Proposal B would raise the tax by 90 cents per pack. This will move closer to the middle of Missouri national, giving the state 33rd highest bid. Taxes on other tobacco products sold in the state of Missouri will also rise.

Supporters say the measure will benefit both health and education. Money generated – about $ 283 million to $ 423 million a year – would be earmarked for public elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, as well as programs that prevent young people from smoking and help smokers quit.

“It’s a win, win-win situation for the state of Missouri,” Norm Siegel, president of the Health Foundation Greater Kansas City, said at a recent rally in the Capitol Rotunda. The foundation and the American Cancer Society helped bankroll the campaign and initiative petition, which was measure to a vote.

Opponents, led by cigarette manufacturers and retailers, said that if the tax passes, Missouri business will lose its advantage in attracting cross-state customers, such as Nevers. Lower sales of cigarettes could lead to lower sales tax revenues to cities and counties.

In addition, the increase in revenues from tobacco taxes can not increase education funding because lawmakers could use it to drive the current money school, opponents say.

“Just because the money goes to the front door, does not mean the current appropriations will remain unchanged,” said Ron Leone, who works for the campaign, opponents Missouri Petroleum Marketers and Convenience Stores Association PAC.

Similar concerns about the politicians can be trusted with taxpayer money helped to win 80 percent of the cigarette tax increase in 2006 and a 55-percent increase in 2002.

Supporters called the arguments of opponents scare tactics. They say that they are built in safeguards such as mandatory inspections, and are confident that the new tobacco tax money to go to school.

Specific suggestions budget will not be made before the assessment of public revenues are set, but several key lawmakers said in an interview this week that if Prop B passes, they will try to fulfill the wishes of the voters to increase education funding.

“If we have a real bad recession, I think we can do it,” said Rep. Rick Stream, R-Kirkwood, who is in line to head the Budget Committee of the House, if he is re-elected. “If the public voted for what, I do not see why I have to get in the way of it.”

House Speaker Tim Jones, R-Eureka, said he would follow the example of Stream, the budget chairman. Jones said that he was misquoted in the media that indicated that he will ignore the will of voters on Prop B funding.

“I tried to explain, there’s just no guarantee of future legislation to ever be associated with that,” Jones said.

However, there is a precedent, following the instructions of voters in school money, said Roger Kurtz, executive director of the Missouri Association of School Administrators. He leads the state sales tax for education, known as Proposition C. It was held in 1982.

“Thirty years of track record on Prop With everything you need to feel comfortable that it will work,” said Kurtz supports B.

With the election only five days, both parties broadcast television advertising. But the coalition, called the Missourians health and education, is outspending opponents by about 2 ½ to 1.

Anti-smoking forces built a broad coalition, this time most of the slate of tax revenues to education instead of the hospital, like the previous proposal did vote.

The developers have also eliminated price loophole that benefits smaller cigarette manufacturers. This change resulted in the largest tobacco companies, including RJ Reynolds Tobacco Co, sit out the fight.

Last Post-Dispatch/News 4/Kansas City Star poll showed the measure was a significant lead – 52% to 40%, with 8%undecided.

Are electronic cigarettes are a safe alternative to smoking?

Electronic cigarettes in the market recently and is positioned as a “safe” alternative to traditional tobacco smoking, but based on recent research, this popular and growing trend can be just as harmful to your lungs and overall health. It is estimated that about 700,000 people are now using the electronic pens in order to quit smoking.

Despite no burning involved, nicotine is still going on tobacco the devices are imported from China and their nicotine content is not currently regulated prior to the sale or distribution.

A study presented at the annual meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Vienna in February 2012 showed an abrupt increase in airway resistance, leading to a decrease in blood oxygen levels in the e-cigarette users. This can be dangerous for people with coronary heart disease, which prevent plaque in their coronary arteries. In a small study, researchers studied the effect of Athens e-cigarettes for 8 people who had never smoked, with 24.11 smokers with normal lung function and 13 participants with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). All participants used electronic cigarettes for 10 minutes.

The researchers then measured the resistance of the airways and lungs. All participants had a dramatic increase in airway resistance that lasted about 10 minutes. Interestingly, the increase was more pronounced in smokers than nonsmokers, although the effect is observed in people with COPD were less direct. The researchers said it is unclear whether this increase in resistance was any potential long-term effects.

The European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines for smoking cessation do not currently recommend the use of such electronic products.

According to Dr. Klaus Lessnau, pulmonary and critical care specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York, “cigarettes are the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States.” He went on to say that, while “e-cigarettes can not be recommended in order to improve lung health, there is, of course, some degree of harm reduction as compared to the regular cigarettes use.”

Dr. Lessnau explained that there is no serious research to date, but he considered that the impact on lung cancer is essential. He explained that the “conventional tobacco producing over 1,000 toxic substances, many of them related to the resin while the electronic cigarettes do not do.” He believes that cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction (heart attack) and stroke, may not see a significant impact, as there is a connection with nicotine. Although no major studies to date, Dr. Lessnau said that “it is very likely that lung cancer will be reduced.”

In fact, limited conclusions can be drawn from the preliminary findings of a small study presented in this article. However, the data from this study does add to the growing evidence of the harmful effects of electronic cigarettes. Well-established methods that can help you quit smoking, such as nicotine gum, patches, inhalers and are known as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), and are an advisable alternative to electronic cigarettes.

Smoke price hike

Solomon Tobacco smokers hit with a 50% rise in popular Pallmall blue cigarettes effective as of yesterday.

The sharp rise in prices, which smokers caught by surprise, I saw a pack of cigarettes now selling for $ 30 from the previous $ 20 in retail stores.

A single roll of the dollar rose to $ 2.

Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Manager Lilly Lomulo said that the price increase was due to an increase in production costs, the company can no longer absorb.

“Over the past four years the company has been absorbing the increase in raw material costs and tariffs,” Ms. Lomulo said.

“But we can not do it, so I decided to take this measure to meet the goals of the company as a business entity,” she added.

This decision has already had an impact on the customers who have purchased one roll a cigarette for $ 2 on the street.

In the blue box Pallmall increased from $ 5,000 to $ 8,000.

Asked if the continuous breakdown of machines the company had been experiencing contributed to the price hike, Mrs Lomulo said like any other businesses, Solomon Tobacco has its own constraints.

“We have experienced a car accident in the past, but that is no reason for the price increase. This is mainly due to the increase of imported raw materials and tariffs,” she said.

Ms. Lomulo showed the company is currently running low on food to meet the growing demand.

Asked if this is a measures taken by the company for meeting their annual sales, volume and profit targets, Mrs. Lomulo said that this is a business, and “we must meet the expectations of shareholders.”

However, she said that the price increase will not affect its Emu twist product.

This sudden and sharp increase in cigarette prices would mean smokers have to dig deeper into their pockets to meet this fascinating habit.

Recently, customers have come across cases cigarette packs, which have a smaller number of cigarettes they have different tastes, some of the defects found, which raises issues of product quality.

But Mrs. Lomulo said if those reported to them they will not know the cause of the problem.

Missouri vote not on the proposed increase in tobacco tax

Missouri voters rejected a proposal to increase the state excise tax on tobacco products. The defeat of the proposal B continued steady vote against tobacco tax increases in the state, which has a low tax country for a package of 18 cents. Missouri residents also voted against similar proposals in 2002 and 2006.

Measure does not state a thin margin, 53% to 48%, according to the Missouri Secretary of the State. Boone County, however, voted for the proposal B by a margin of 60%. Seven other countries – Adair, Clay, Jackson, Nodaway, Platte, St. Charles and St. Louis counties – St. Louis city also voted for it.

Proposal B would be charged 73 cents for a package of more than a certain brand of cigarettes, and pushed for a package of tax cost of cigarettes to $ 1.50 and increased the tax on smokeless tobacco products, such as “chew” and “tobacco” 150%. It would also set up 3.70 cents per cigarette tax increase on roll your own tobacco. The proposal was intended to increase funding for public education and tobacco cessation and prevention programs.

Financial note on the voting issue, it will generate about $ 283 million to $ 423 million a year. Kelly estimated it would generate more than $ 3 million Boone County K-12 schools alone. University of Missouri plans to invest a portion of the expected revenue to expand its medical school and a clinical campus in Springfield. One time cost of these projects is about $ 33 million, which could be partly funded $ 26 million of the university system was to receive from the tax. State Reps. Mary Still, D-Columbia, Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, and Kurt Schaefer, R-Columbia, all favored the proposal B.

Kelly, who was unopposed in his bid for re-election to the House of Representatives, has spent much of his time and money campaigns for the measure. Both Democratic representatives expressed disappointment with the results. Kelly said he was not sure Missouri will move forward in the creation of new tools for education, but said he was pleased with the results of the local.

“I’m very proud of the people of Boone County, who supported it by almost 60%,” he said. “I am disappointed that we can not move ahead of our schools.” Ron Leone, executive director of the Missouri Oil Marketers and Convenience Store Association, led the opposition. Leone said Tuesday morning that the new tax could jeopardize the competitive advantage over its Missouri state border.

“760% tax increase  trend reverses so we go from low taxes to the government more than four of the eight states of our borders,” said Leone. “This means that all traffic going to the Border States to stay at home, so this will have a major economic impact on small businesses,” he said.

Leone also doubts that the new tax revenues will reach its goals. He referred to the use of the state lottery and casino revenue in the past broken promises to fund education and health. “Promises can not be saved, and it is an abuse of supporters, said if that happens, you get X, Y, Z, and because they simply can not guarantee that,” he said.

“We’ve seen that twice before with lotteries and casinos, where money is not where everyone thought it would be,” an explanation that seemed resonance among voters.

On Tuesday night, Leone said he was “thrilled and grateful, but not surprised by the result.” Missourian spoke to Boone County voters on Tuesday morning to get their opinion on the suggestion of Penny Moore, manager of Columbia insurance who voted in Boone Fire Protection District headquarters Leone agrees that new tax revenue from the proposal did not go B have to set goals.

“I’m against it, because there will be no control over it later, for example, when the money will go,” she said.

Larry Allen, 65, also doubted proposal B would directly send money to education and smoking cessation programs. He voted at the First Church of the Nazarene. “I did not vote on the proposal B, because it is an amazing idea, but just like the lottery, the money will be allocated somewhere else,” Allen said.

Jeff Perkins, 48, a programmer at Columbia Insurance Group, said that he did not vote for the proposal B, because he thought that the government will abuse revenues. “It’s like the lottery, they do not use it for what it was intended,” he said after the vote in Grace Bible Church. Donna

Ogborn, 40, a special education teacher at West Junior High School, said she voted yes, because “it’s better for the children.” Joe Pintz, 38, MU professor of art, agreed. “As an educator, I voted for the proposal B, to bring in additional funding to support education», Pintz said.

Sue Sinele, 49, a nurse, also voted for Proposition B. “I think it’s sad that we have the lowest taxes on cigarettes in the country,” she said. “As a cancer nurse, I see a lot of deaths from lung cancer, so I’m for Prop B.”

Reynolds American subsidiary sues electronic cigarette

Wholly owned subsidiary of Reynolds American Inc. has sued Alabama electronic cigarette retailers, accusing the company of trademark infringement of Camel and Winston brands by Reynolds, and unfair and deceptive trade practices.

Reynolds Innovations Inc. filed a lawsuit Friday in U.S. District Court for the Middle District of NC case was referred to a mediator.

Named in the suit is the SAS Technology Inc. Ozark, Alabama, doing business as and save Smoker Inc, and co-owner Eric Slaick.

E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that heat a liquid nicotine solution in a disposable cartridge and create a steam which is inhaled. Refill cartridges are available in various quantities and tastes, five packages typically cost from $ 9 to $ 18.

By comparison, a carton of cigarettes can cost between $ 25 and $ 50 for most brands name.

Reynolds Innovations, said the company has launched a product using images that are “colorable imitations and confusingly similar to” Camel and Winston trademarks.

When Reynolds filed suit, list of flavors »Camel Tobacco” and “Winston” on its website, as well as U.S. Blend – “comparable to Marlboro brand» – and Newport, the best-selling brand of menthol Lorillard Inc.

Brian May, a spokesman for Altria, the parent company of Philip Morris, said the company has not filled a similar lawsuit against SAS technology and other companies.

Reynolds said the claim of such images “will continue to lead to consumer confusion and likelihood of irreparable harm to the company.”

Press Secretary Brian Reynolds Hatchell said the company declined to comment beyond the lawsuit.

Slaick said Monday that SAS pulled all references to the Camel and Winston from the site and the shelves of its stores.

The products now on his website for his MaxxVapor Pro brand. The company lists the retail locations in the South-East for their products, but not in North Carolina.

Slaick said the company sources its electronic cigarettes from a Chinese manufacturer who used the Camel and Winston images as part of the difference in styles and tastes of its product options.

“We just went with what the manufacturer provided and not heard complaints from Reynolds,” Slaick said. “As soon as we learned of the lawsuit, we pulled them from a site in minutes.

“It was never our intention to take the RJ Reynolds or trick consumers into error there was a connection.”

Reynolds has moved into the electronic cigarette category with Vuse, which is being test-marketed in the Triad at select Tarheel Tobacco outlets.

Gove, to get tough on smokers

With an estimated 100,000 Malaysians die each year from smoke-related diseases the government may resort to what each cigarette stick is printed with the words smoking is dangerous to health.

In another drastic move to prevent people, especially young from picking up the habit, cigarette manufacturers may be excluded from any claims for tobacco variety, quality and taste of the product.

These and other new provisions can be included in the Control of Tobacco Products Regulations 2004, when the Government increases its performance; to make public places in the country is tobacco smoke.

A government source told The Star, that the Ministry of Health will be in the next two weeks, seek public feedback on the internet their tight schedule to prevent Malaysians from destroying their health by smoking.

According to the source, the proposed amendment in accordance with the Global Adult Tobacco Survey Malaysia 2011 held recently in which 84% of respondents want 100% smoke-free public places.

“At the suggestion of the Ministry, the words Merokok Membahayakan Kesihatan must be clearly printed on every cigarette stick to remind existing and potential smokers about the dangers of lighting up,” the source said.

“With about 4,000 chemicals in cigarettes and cigarette smoke, which, among other things, have a carcinogenic effect, the ministry also wants to tar and nicotine in cigarettes will be further reduced,” he said.

It is learned the Ministry provides for nicotine to be reduced from 1.5 mg to 1.25mg per stick and 20 mg to 15 mg for tar content.

He wants it to be further reduced to 1 mg (nicotine) and 10 mg (tar) in the prescribed manner.

According to the source, the tobacco companies, however, requested that the level of nicotine in cigarettes to be reduced only 1.3mg and 15 mg of tar levels from 2014 and up to 1 mg and 10 mg, respectively, in 2018.

“In addition, the maps position to force manufacturers to increase the size of graphic health warnings on packages of the consequences of smoking, at least 40% at present to 50%,” said the source.

“The ministry is already looking at the Australian model, where tobacco companies are only allowed to sell their products in plain packaging, so not being able to use the power of their brand to market their product,” he said.

By a simple way to pack the tobacco companies are not allowed to display their company colors and logos on the packaging.

According to the source, the tobacco companies and importers will be required to formally write to the Ministry every time revise the retail prices of their products.

“Another amendment says that smokers are also not allowed to light up on the five-foot-way or in any covered area, which is part of the premises.

“In other words, if there is a perimeter wall outside, smokers will not be able to light within the region,” he said.

Electronic Cigarettes ahead

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Cigarette tax increase on ballot for third time

Al never that has 56 years old isn’t a smoker. The cigarettes represented for his friend a return in.

“When they hear about the Missouri they wander any fags for them,” Nevers said. Cigarettes are not expensive because of Missouri’s law. On Tuesday, state with voters will try to decide where they want to distinct.

Proposition B would rise the cigarette tax with 90 cents for a package, this fact will move Missouri closer to the middle nationality. Taxes on tobacco products sold in Missouri will increase a lot.

Supporters take the measure that would benefit as public so educational health. The money that will be generated – an estimate from $300 million to $450 million each year, these money would be earmarked for colleges, universities, primary schools and elementary for public and other programs that turn out the youths from smoking and helped smokers to quit.

Norm Siegel, president of the Health Care Foundation of Greater Kansas City, said at a recent rally in the Capitol Rotunda.

The foundation and the American Cancer Society have helped the campaign to bankroll and the initiative petition that got the measure on the ballot.

Opponents that where conduced by cigarette makers and retailers, say that if the taxes will passes, Missouri businesses will lose their edge in luring cross-state customers such as Never. Minimum cigarette sales could result in lower sales tax revenue for cities and countries.

The increased of tobacco tax revenue might not boost education funding because legislators could use it to supplant current school money.

“Just because all the money goes in the front door doesn’t mean current appropriations will stay the same,” said Ron Leone, who is running the opponents’ campaign for the Missouri Petroleum Marketers & Convenience Stores Association PAC.

The same concerns about politicians could be trusted with the tax money that helped to defeat and increase cigarettes taxes with 90-cent in 2007 and with 60 cents in 2003.

Supporters called the opponents that said that they have built in safeguards such mandatory audits, and are confident of the new tobacco tax money would go to schools.

The specific budget proposals won’t be drawn until the state estimate is set, but some key legislators would try to abide by voters that will increase educational funds.

“Unless we have a real bad downturn, I think we can do it,” said Rep. Rick Stream, R-Kirkwood, who is in line to head the House Budget Committee if he is re-elected. “If the public has voted for that, I don’t see why I should get in the way of it.”

Tim Jones, house speaker, said that he would follow Stream’s lead the budget. Jones said that he would misquote in media reports that indicate that he will ignore the voters.

I tried to explain the guarantee of the future legislatures, Jones said.

With the election that take part any days ago, both sides are airing television add and coalitions, called Missourians for Education and Health.

The anti-smoking forces build coalition, slating more tax proceeds for education instead of hospitals.

Drafters also exclude a pricing loophole that benefits smaller cigarette makers. That change led the largest tobacco companies, including R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.

Drafters also exclude pricings that benefits cigarettes markers.