April 2012 - CigarettesReviews.com | CigarettesReviews.com

Monthly Archives: April 2012

Ryan calls for ban on flavored tobacco

Anti-smoking advocates praised the federal legislators in 2009, banning the sale of flavored cigarettes, they said, the potential appeal to young smokers. But the tobacco companies have found other ways to reach young people, the legislature, Sean M. Ryan said Sunday as he urged passage of state legislation that would ban other flavored products, including small cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff.

“This is a gateway product,” said Ryan. “Without this, you will not have young adults smoke cigarettes. Because we all know that cigarettes taste awful, you’re not going to become addicted without these flavors.” Products, Ryan said that flavored to taste like fruit, chocolate, vanilla, herbs and spices. While federal law has banned the sale of flavored cigarettes, flavored with little cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff can still be sold.

The bill, sponsored by the Legislative Assembly of Amy Paulin, D-Scarsdale, closes that Ryan sees as a loophole in federal law and to introduce an express prohibition in the State flavored tobacco products. The bill was passed by an overwhelming majority in the General Assembly in January, but stayed in the Senate. Ryan, who will appear today at Roswell Park Cancer Institute with the American Cancer Society and the Erie-Niagara Tobacco-Free Coalition, urged the Senate to the bill.

“At the same time we are working in the government to try to help people quit smoking, these products are marketed to help people start smoking,” said Ryan. “The state must do all it can to reduce the number of people start smoking.” Tobacco companies have stated that the appeal of flavored tobacco for young people is unintentional, but Ryan said that the products on the market clearly younger crowd. “Tobacco companies are smart,” he said. “It is clear that some of the flavors really aimed at younger audiences. I’ve never seen adult smoking chocolate mini-cigars.”

In the 2005 survey, Roswell Park found that 20 percent of smokers aged 17 to 19 years old said they used flavored cigarettes, compared with 6 percent of smokers older than 25 years.

The federal law banning flavored cigarettes should be in the 2006 agreement in which RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company agreed to a national ban on the line of flavored cigarettes, which included “Twista Lime” and “Mocha Taboo”. Other flavors include “Winter Warm Toffee” and “Kauai Kolyada.” In addition, the flavor menthol cigarette smokers has increased and has made it more difficult for smokers to quit, according to a 2011 study of Food and Drug Administration advisory panel. Federal law also gave the FDA authority to regulate the ingredients in cigarettes.

For Ryan, D-Buffalo, the issue is personal. While his mother to quit smoking, his father-in-law still has to deal with destructive of nicotine addiction, he gave years ago. “My grandfather and grandmother both have their lives cut short by smoking,” said Ryan. “I am one of the few people in my family who do not smoke. But you can see the terrible forces of drug addiction. “

Lawmakers Targeting Electronic Cigarettes

As their popularity soars in stores, electronic cigarettes are the target of the new smoking ban and tax laws.

After the supposed to be a passing fad, electronic cigarettes are growing in popularity and sales, and rushing to the transformation of the main product. Celebrities with Leonardo DiCaprio to Britney Spears were spotted “vaping”, continued to attract public attention to trends in e-cigarettes. As the trend takes hold, government regulators at both the local and federal levels are lying in the weeds waiting to pounce on the good times.

The market of electronic cigarettes is expected to quadruple in the period to mid 2014, according to Thomas Kiklas, co-founder of the Association of tobacco cigarettes electronic pair. “In 2010, it sold 750,000 and jumped to 2.5 million units sold in 2011. In the U.S., about 20 million rounds of ammunition and nearly 10 million one-off sale on a weekly basis. ” A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 2.7% of U.S. adults have tried electronic cigarettes in 2010, compared with 0.6% a year earlier. Annual sales of electronic cigarettes in the U.S. rose in the range of $ 250 million and $ 500 million since arriving from China, five years ago, the report says Wall Street Journal.

If the electronic cigarette is not shining through the bars and restaurants near you, it can do with your location, but be sure that they are on their way. Studies show that the product seems to be catching on fast in the south, with 33% of electronic cigarette users who live in the southern states, compared with 19% of electronic cigarette users who live in the North State, in accordance with the ECH research in conjunction with the June Opinionnaire in 2011.

There is even a World Day Vaping March 22 to celebrate the success of e-cigarettes, and to encourage new smokers who are unable or unwilling to quit switching to electronic cigarettes.

 C-Stores Search Room

As the product grows in relation to the mainstream, C-stores get in on the action. Nice N Easy Grocery Shoppes in Canastota, New York began offering electronic cigarettes when they were first. “It was a $ 60 kit, and frankly, they’re not very good,” said Matthew Paduano, vice president of category management at Nice N Easy. “Over the past few years, we have some of the less expensive kits and supplies.”

Nice N Easy now stocks NJOY brand that bears his wholesaler. “I am worried about some of the other manufacturers in the market, because I do not know where they are made, and, therefore, concerned what would happen if one of those hurt the client in any case,” Paduano, adding that he looks at his wholesaler supply reputable brands that he can trust.

Demand for electronic cigarettes at Nice N Easy market is growing slowly but consistently. “I think these questions are still alien to many customers, even if it was the press and the media around them. There is no clear number one brand out there in our market now, but there are many options”, Paduano said. “I expect that the cost goes on, more customers will judge them. It’s a niche item that will receive the recognition slowly, but will not change the actual tobacco at any time in the foreseeable future.”

Couche-Tard became the first Canadian C-store electronic press tobacco, when it released Blu electronic cigarettes, which he now offers more than 500 stores in Quebec. She plans to release a line of its other tobacco stores across Canada in late 2012. Couche-Tard sells zero nicotine Blu in disposable electronic cigarette-budget alternative to traditional cigarettes, with a one-time equal to approximately 20-30 cigarettes.

In the U.S., Couch-Tard in the Circle K Stores Inc., FIN offers electronic cigarettes in each of the eight regions of the chains. In addition to conducting FIN disposable electronic cigarettes, which are equivalent to more than two packs of traditional cigarettes, Circle K stores also offer battery accessories FIN.

Safety Debate

Since the electronic cigarette nicotine without the tar and 5300 other chemicals and carcinogens found in regular cigarettes, they are often reported safe. American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP) defended his product.

“If we get all tobacco smokers to switch from regular cigarettes to electronic cigarettes, we will eventually reduce the loss of U.S. death from more than 400,000 per year to less than 4000, can be as low as 400,” said Joel L. Nitzkin, chairman of the Tobacco Control AAPHP target group. “AAPHP contributes to a permissive approach to e-cigarette, because it is possible to save the lives of four million eight million current U.S. adult smokers who would otherwise die from tobacco-related diseases over the next 20 years.”

Nitzkin also noted that smokers can reduce their risk of future tobacco-related deaths is 99.9% or better to switch to nicotine only to deliver products such as electronic cigarettes. While retail stores report it is too early to determine if smokers tend to e-cigarette for health reasons, CHE Research in conjunction with Opinionnaire found in the June 2011 survey of 200 respondents from 70,000 households, 62% of smokers reported electronic they stopped smoking traditional cigarettes or smoking fewer cigarettes, from e-cigarettes.

Obstacles to Success

As with other types of cigarettes, anti-smoking groups are arguing that the flavored electronic cigarettes could attract young people who could use the device as a gateway to cigarette smoking. As a result, state legislature to deal with devices with proposals that would ban everything from buying the device vaping in public places. Among the measures which have recently been proposed include:

Hawaii. Legislators in Hawaii have been discussed in the e-cigarette bill, SB2233, aimed at limiting the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors, as well as electronic cigarette tax for the same price as traditional cigarettes (70%). But after receiving more than 1,000 written submissions, many of which are electronic cigarette users against the measure, the Hawaii Senate Ways and Means Committee voted to remove language that requires 70% tax to the bill. At the same time the main part of a bill restricting the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors, remains unchanged.

Vermont. Rep. Bill Frank of Vermont introduced a bill banning the sale of electronic cigarettes at the age of 18 years and prohibits the purchase, sale and delivery of electronic cigarettes on the order of the Internet, phone and mail, and penalties for each violation of imprisonment of up to five years, $ 5000 and the criminal fine of $ 5,000 civil penalty. In March, however, the Vermont Human Services Committee announced that they will remove the section H. 747, which would have banned the sale of electronic cigarettes in order Internet, phone and mail.

Utah. The bill passed the legislature of Utah, which adds the use of electronic smoking cigarettes as defined in Utah Clean Indoor Air Act, which banned only to “plug tobacco.” The bill frees the electronic cigarette from stores ban for five years. After passing the House and Senate, he went to Utah Governor Gary Herbert who must sign the bill.

New Jersey. As the cities of Seattle and Boston, New Jersey has banned electronic cigarette smoking in public and is also considering a law that would ban smoking and the use of electronic cigarettes in the car, if children 16 and under are present. Violations will carry fines of $ 100. Alabama. Alabama smoke free air correction, 2012 will be a ban on the use of electronic cigarettes in any public place where smoking is prohibited. Wisconsin. The Bill aims to indicate the term “smoking” in an attempt to release electronic cigarettes on the premises smoke-free state. The sponsor of the bill, Sen. Glenn Grothman, is currently looking for sponsors. There is an identical bill that was introduced in the Wisconsin home. Groups like the American Lung Association of contacting legislators against the bill.

Cigarettes are against electronic cigarettes

For years, environmentalists have been pressuring on the cigarette manufacturers to reduce synthetic chemicals in their products to reduce their harm to smokers and non smokers. Regulators were concerned about passive smoking for years, and were passing indoor smoking bans from state to state. Today you can go to work, shop or go out to eat in many places without being overwhelmed with a toxic fog of smoke.

Nevertheless, there is a problem with the cigarette butts left behind by smokers. We all see this trash on our sidewalks, roads, parking lots, often only feet from the trash. Unfortunately, until now, many smokers had quit cigarettes from their vehicles. Although people tend to smoke less, thanks to decades of American public health campaigns, cigarette butts continue to litter is a serious problem. The main butt can take anywhere from 18 months to 10 years to decompose. During this time, cigarette filters are filled with tar, nicotine and other toxins that may contaminate the soil, can affect any body that comes in contact with them.

Debris pushed the rain in the storm water can make it into the ocean, where they can release their toxic chemicals, or be eaten by fish or birds. Although this is also a controversial product, electronic cigarette, or e-cigarettes can help reduce this toxic load. The devices use a small amount of energy to vaporize the nicotine, which is then inhaled. Some of them are marketed as totally free of nicotine, and many spices to add. Many of them are advertised as helping smokers to rid you of the habit.

Most electronic cigarettes are reusable that is only a small amount of steam must be refilled every time. This means that they are potentially more environmentally friendly than going through the mountains of disposable products, which have the resources to produce. E-cigarettes are usually based on reusable batteries, and are often charged via the USB port.

Impact on the health of users is not known, since these products only in the market for several years. FDA recommended against their use, stating that there is enough data to know how much nicotine a user can actually breathe in, and whether there may be side effects. The number of groups also warned that the products may be attractive to children because of their novelty and options for different flavors. While many electronic cigarettes look like conventional tobacco products, similar to other pen or flash drives.

While some health professionals offer consumers stay away from the electronic cigarette, it is also possible that they could function as a useful mediator for smoking cessation. Obviously, quitting smoking is difficult, so perhaps there is value to the product, which may or may not cause some harm, but it helps to stop using the product that we know the reasons harm. Its clear electronic cigarettes are safer for non-users are it worth to qualify them as the lesser of two evils?

Not too convenient for non-smokers say that people “just should not smoke or use an electronic cigarette?” If it were easy, they are already doing it.

What do you think?

 

R.I. can reduce the taxes on cigarettes

While most states are discussing a tax increase on cigarettes, Rhode Island is once again considering their decline. “It is clear that taxes on cigarettes in Rhode Island are high, especially in comparison with many of the neighboring countries’ Stephen Ryan, executive director of the New England C-Store Association (NECSA), reported tobacco use E-News.

So Ryan glad to see that the state House Finance Committee next week to discuss the legislation put forward by state Rep. Robert Phillips reduction in state taxes cigarettes at $ 1 to $ 2.46 pack. The proposal seeks to manage the Phillips consumers to Rhode Island businesses and from outlets in neighboring states with lower tax rates. “I know that we are in a constant state of anxiety about trying to find more money, but critics of the bill, who say reducing taxes on cigarettes will have a negative impact on government revenues is very myopic view of how it could help us,” said Phillips at the beginning of this year. “Unfortunately, we live in a small country. It is easy to operate across the border in Massachusetts and Connecticut, even if you do not live in a border community. This is not a problem in other countries have the right now.”

NECSA backup support of Phillips. “Sure,” Ryan said, “If you look at the tax rates of many neighboring states, he put Rhode Island retailers at a competitive disadvantage.”

The bill, however, is an uphill battle. Phillips was such a bill rejected by the state last year. Further complicating matters is the fact that New Hampshire, say they did pass a modest decline in cigarette tax in 2011, did not see positive results. During the first four months after the 10 percent rollback was enacted, New Hampshire collected $ 77.5 million in cigarette taxes – $ 3.5 million or 4.3% less than predicted by the legislative budget. Last year, the state collected $ 84 million during this time.

But Rhode Island is a very different situation. Even before the decline, New Hampshire boasts a relatively low state tax $ 1.68, compared to Rhode Island the current $ 3.46 per pack. The tax rate in Maine is $ 2 per pack, Vermont is $ 2.62, Massachusetts is $ 2.51 (the proposed march to $ 3.01 per pack) and Connecticut averaged $ 3.40 sales tax per pack. In a state as small as Rhode Island, lowering the tax rate by $ 2.46 could lead to a huge increase in sales for retailers – and not just from the sale of cigarettes, advocates say. “Obviously, there is a connection between the consumer, who come to buy a product like cigarettes and other products raised on the road,” said Ryan NECSA. “It’s not just a question of what a product is sold at a competitive price – we are talking about additional sales without tobacco products in this store.

“What it translates to is more money in Rhode Island,” said State Rep. John J. Edwards (D), co-author of the bill. “The economy is not booming right now, so that our small businesses are struggling as it is. We need to remain competitive. Dealers in my community is often said that people come into their stores to buy a pack of cigarettes and go to the newspapers, candy and other items too. “In states like Massachusetts, California and Missouri, all offer a tax increase, it is certainly worth watching as a reduction in taxes on cigarettes could help Rhode Island retailers.

 

Bananas raise farmers’ incomes, after falling of tobacco

Mukwa place in Bumula area is known for the cultivation of tobacco, but the dependence on cash crops has forced poor farmers to grow some bananas. And with support from the government through the national agricultural and livestock extension program (NALEP), farmers in the area now grow bananas to use on the market. First Lady Wanda, a beneficiary, says her family’s income has increased since they began to grow bananas. She bought two acres of land and raising a child from banana sales.

“We now have a steady source of income, and given another chance to choose, I’d still go for bananas,” says Ms. Wanda. She adds that low income is a major problem of farmers in the wrong place, facing due to the low yields and limited land base. “Only cash crop was tobacco Mukwa site, which has a negative impact on human health and environmental degradation by reducing the trees for the treatment of tobacco,” she notes. Bumula district agricultural officer, Simon Abwao said that the production of tobacco There were three disadvantages – high cost of production, low yields, poor prices and forests, as a result of cutting trees for the treatment of tobacco not to mention the deterioration of human health due to inhalation of vapors during processing.

“Revenue from tobacco products has declined at the time of delivery of the peasants in a difficult position. School dropout rate has increased due to the lack of payments and food insecurity in the set,” he said. District Agricultural Officer said that not only the cultivation of tobacco cost the farmer money, it also creates the potential environmental and health among farmers. “The whole situation is that farmers have a low income, developed respiratory tract, the school dropout rate has increased due to the lack of payments, and farmers have become sluggish.

Women and children were most affected by livestock and treatment process of their responsibility, “said Mr. Abwao. Thus, farmers have adopted the banana farming to increase their income, save the environment and improve their health. Bumula District Mukwa selected location, 2008 / 09 subject area and contributed to commercial production of banana as a viable alternative to tobacco. Mr. Abwao said earlier, farmers used to create indigenous varieties of banana crops in small quantities for sale at between SH150 and Sh200 at the farm gate. Agriculture official says that it was not sustainable due to low and subsistence nature of production, operation, intermediaries and inadequate local market.

In response to NALEP in partnership with the western Kenyan development projects and avoid the draft Flood-initiated attacks in 2009. “More than 69 farmers got together and created a common interest group called Mukwa CDDC as a CBO. Thirty-two members of the group were interested in the industrial production of bananas,” said Mr. Abwao.

The official added that the motion seeks to improve the performance of banana through improved agricultural practices, the best grades, the mobilization of local resources and loans, to increase farmers’ incomes. “Every member benefits from increasing the beams with the lowest sales at Sh300. On average, prices range from Sh500 to Sh700, and each produces at least 50 pencils a year,” Mr. Abwao said. He said that the extension officers and other experts train farmers participating in the program. “To coordinate the activities of the group, Liaison Committee, which is responsible for a network with interested parties on the ground,” said the chairman Wakola Wakoli. “To track the progress of the group holds monthly meetings with well-kept records.”

The group is also associated with the marketing committee of the business alliance against chronic hunger, which helps them sell their products. They expect to collect more than 6,000 bunches of bananas worth Sh3 million by the end of this month. He said that as a result of the project, more than 60 farmers have joined the group and members of the production of at least 50 beams of 0.25 hectares per year earn a minimum of SH25, 000. Mr Wakoli, said that women and children benefited most from this initiative, with a stable source of income, improving health, reducing child labor allows more children to walk to school and their parents to pay various fees. “Harmony at the household level has also improved, leading to a happy family.

Alcoholism in the group fell, as both men and women participate in group activities, “said Secretary of Basiliano Wasike. However, farmers are faced with several problems, including diseases such as banana mosaic virus and the high cost of labor for the initial investment. Marketing is still a problem due to some farmers fall prey to middlemen and sell their products outside the group. Marketing Committee, some members say, not very bright, and the absence of a collection center. Along with the disease, other obstacles are considered in the study.

Increasing taxes on cigarettes in order

 

Like you, I am against raising taxes in Missouri, particularly in a weak economy. But there is one exception, the time has come: the tax on cigarettes of Missouri. The General Assembly should give the opportunity to vote in Missouri, a moderate increase in the cigarette tax.

The current situation is well known. Missouri has the lowest tax on cigarettes in the 50 states, at 17 cents per pack – the rate established for almost 20 years ago. Higher state taxes on cigarettes, New York, put a fee of $ 4.35 on each pack. The 25th largest state tax on cigarettes, Iowa, put a tax of $ 1.36 on each pack. Even the tobacco producing states such as South Carolina and Kentucky have higher cigarette taxes than Missouri.

Government policy contributes to the cigarette tax, which makes somewhere in the middle of Missouri, about 90 cents per pack. This change will create about 400 million dollars a year in new revenue.

At present, the problem with the budget and the health challenges facing our state is equally well known. Missouri spends more money for Medicaid to provide health care for smoking-related diseases than we get from all the cigarette tax. In 2004, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that tobacco-related illnesses cost the Medicaid program of our country 532 million dollars, and these costs only rose with inflation. However, Missouri has collected only $ 90 million last year, taxes on cigarettes.

Looking through the lens, the General Assembly is to subsidize smoker’s patients with more than 400 million dollars a year. In accordance with current tax legislation, Missouri became the enterprise zone for cigarettes. I am a convinced supporter of the enterprise zone, but not for cigarettes.

To our legislative leaders, I would say that the tax on cigarettes will rise. Missouri will not remain in 50th place for a long time.

I propose to increase tax on cigarettes by 73 cents per pack, placing Missouri thirty-third of the 50 states. $ 400 million in new revenues should be directed at creating the educational infrastructure of Missouri, with an emphasis on higher education, and health problems of our state in need of care. Such proposals should be submitted to the people in November, so that Missourians can decide.

This plan aims to address two important problems.

First, the proposal addresses a serious public health problem. Missouri ranks second to smoking per capita in the country. Many people are addicted to smoking begins in adolescence. Alarmingly, almost 19 percent of Missouri students smoke cigarettes. Using the increase in incomes for the treatment of smoking-related diseases and to promote cessation programs are not only prevents premature death in our state, but also makes compelling economic sense.

Second, he appeals to the devastating cuts in funding have been to college and university of Missouri in the last 10 years. Adjusted for inflation, Missouri’s higher education system has been reduced by 34 percent since 2001.

Fifteen years ago, the office of Missouri Attorney General settled its landmark case against the tobacco industry. This settlement was a turning point in public attitudes towards smoking-related risk, and it has brought more than a billion dollars in general fund revenues over the past decade, Missouri. However, because of the tax on cigarettes of Missouri is the lowest in the country, smoking-related state of our health problems are among the highest in the country.

The General Assembly should take action before people are forced to act on its behalf by the initiative process. Our government must use this money in such a way as to improve public health, promotes education and provides real benefits to our citizens. Miss this opportunity means not our responsibility to elect leaders of Missouri.

Worcester’s tobacco ad ordinance is ruled invalid

A federal judge overturned a ruling on the provision of local tobacco control, which prohibits outdoor tobacco advertising within the city. The 23-page decision released yesterday, U.S. District Judge Douglas P. Woodlock rules ban is unconstitutional. He said the city has no legitimate interest in prohibiting “not misleading advertising” to adults to prevent them from deciding that the city does not approve.

The judge added that the city failed to show at the outdoor advertising regulations are not more extensive than necessary to advance its substantial interest in preventing underage tobacco use. He said the city also made no effort in working out an order to determine what types of advertising are the most harmful to minors. He said that a ban on all signs of any size seems to be “poorly suited” for the target problems are highly visible billboards, as opposed to smaller signs.

“The broad scope of the decision that the (city) do not consider how to adapt the restrictions, so as not to unduly burden the plaintiffs rights to free speech rights of adults and truthful information about tobacco products,” Judge Woodlock wrote. “No purpose of the city to prevent tobacco-related health problems in adults, nor any of its goals in the correlation of juvenile, is the basis for the decision,” he wrote.

The lawsuit was brought against the city of the National Association of tobacco outlets, Inc.; RJ Company Reynolds Tobacco, Philip Morris USA Inc. and Lorillard Tobacco Company

Tobacco companies have welcomed the court decision as a victory for freedom of speech.

“Tobacco companies have a constitutional right to communicate with adult consumers through retail advertising, and this court has recognized that properly,” said Murray Garnick, Altria Client Services senior vice president and deputy general counsel, speaking on behalf of Philip Morris. Andrew Kerstein, president of the National Association of Tobacco Outlets, was also pleased with the decision. He said while his organization shares the goals of preventing minors from access to and use of tobacco, he feels the ban on outdoor advertising has gone too far.

City attorney David M. Moore said the city has not decided whether he will appeal the decision. He said that all options are under consideration. Meanwhile, District 2 councilor Philip P. Palmieri, a leading advocate of tough rule on Tobacco Control, said he was disappointed by the decision of the court. According to him, when he was a firm believer in the First Amendment, the law was aimed at reducing the number of “unnecessary deaths” in the city caused by tobacco products.”I am disappointed that the judge did not take into account the basic and fundamental attention of young children, the impact of this rule,” he said.

In April last year, Worcester became the ninth municipality in the state to ban the sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products to local health workers, including chain pharmacies and other pharmacies. The ban was one of four changes to the Resolution of tobacco control of the city. Other changes have also banned the sale of tobacco products in the local universities and city-wide sale of so-called blunt wraps – cigarette rolling paper like that are usually made from tobacco leaves.

In addition, cigarettes and tobacco products can not be declared in areas where they can be viewed from city streets, parks, schools and universities. This effectively banned outdoor advertising of tobacco products throughout the city. Supporters of the amendment referred to the Board of “historic”, adding that they will serve as an important first step toward reducing the rate of smoking in Worcester.

In drawing up the decree, the city health authorities said that an estimated 31,265 smokers live in Worcester. They said 23.7 percent of adults living in the city smoke – a level that is 47 percent higher than the state rate of 16.1 percent. In addition, smoking among people aged 45 to 64 stands at 23.7 percent, which is 42 percent higher than the state level, 16.7 percent.

Meanwhile, mortality rates among residents of Worcester from tobacco are about 250 people a year, or about five per week, depending on public health. Shortly after the City Council adopted a regulation, the tobacco companies filed a lawsuit against the city, challenging the legality of the prohibition of advertising. The city decided not to apply this provision in the regulations while the lawsuit is pending.

The Council has strict rules, because the harm to health caused by tobacco, and the relationship between tobacco advertising and increased tobacco consumption. But tobacco companies objected to the regulation of advertising decision, saying it will hinder their ability to sell their products within the city.

“The plaintiffs do not claim that the city of Worcester is no significant interest the government in preventing youth tobacco use,” the judge wrote. “Nevertheless, they argue that the substantial interest of the city is limited to the protection of minors.”They say the city has no legitimate interest in prohibiting misleading advertising to adults, to prevent them from deciding that the city does not approve,” he added.

Judge Woodlock said the U.S. Supreme Court in 2002, is the first such issue amendments to the law banning the promotion of complex products.

However, the Supreme Court rejected the notion that the government is interested in preventing the spread of truthful commercial information in order to prevent the public from making bad decisions with this information.

“(Supreme) Court thus rejected the main interest is advanced by the city of Worcester in support of the advertising restrictions,” the judge wrote. Judge Woodlock also referred to the decision of the Supreme Court last year, which effectively prohibits the city from attempting to remove the “popular, but the disgraced type of product,” such as tobacco, from the market by prohibiting truthful, not misleading advertisements aimed for adults.

In accordance with the decision of the court, the judge said: “Worcester can not ban tobacco advertising in order to prevent an adult to make a choice legally purchase tobacco products.” In December, the legal issue of the ban on the sale of blunt wraps was discontinued. At the same time, honey farm, filed with the problem of providing a resolution on tobacco control, which prohibits the sale of tobacco products on property owned by educational institutions.

 

Shakespeare in the tobacco factory in 2012

There can be few places in the country is more suitable for the production of the final plays of Chekhov classic than tobacco factory theater in Bristol.

Cherry Orchard, first performed in January 1904, reflects the period after the abolition of serfdom and just before the Revolution – a period of great anxiety, with the old guard can not agree with the change of times and young people seeking to move on. In these recession hit times, the lessons are still here.

Ms. Ranevskaya (Julia Hills) returns from Paris – the intellectual birthplace of the Russian intelligentsia – to the family estate, heavily burdened with debt. In order to maintain the property, a local businessman named Lopakhin (Simon Armstrong), stands for the gap to the cherry orchard to build houses, but Madame Ranevskaya refuses to perform, and ultimately loses everything.

The game is full of paradox, we are introduced to Dunyasha (Gemma Lawrence) and Yash (Pierce Venus), and the servants of the ideas above their station, the student Trofimov (Benjamin O’Mahony), and Ms. Anne Ranevskaya children (Eleanor Yates) and Varya (Dorothea Myer-Bennett), who want to blindly for the future, which no one can predict.

And finally, a former serf Trees (Paul Nicholson), Guys (Chris Bianchi) and Simeonov-Pishchik (Roland Oliver), all desperately cling to the past without the possibility of his aristocratic funding.

Gone was the glory of past times perfectly reflected in historical costumes worn cast and minimalist set, a little more than a few faded carpets and a few pillars takes us back to the heart of rural pre-revolutionary Russia.

Cherry Orchard has always been a difficult position between comedy and tragedy – even Chekhov himself, who proclaimed his comedy, I can agree with Stanislavsky, the director of the first Moscow performance, which saw very much like a drama. And so it remains. While in the first half, of course, littered with comic moments, it is impossible to remain unmoved at the sight of poor Firs, forgotten by the family, lying on the ground as the sound of trees to be cut by echoing all around.

Some outstanding performances, a great feature, and perhaps most importantly, a surprisingly sympathetic translation means that if you can only see one game this year, it should be.

The Cherry Orchard at the tobacco factory in Bristol, until Saturday, May 5, 2012. Call 0117 902 0344 for tickets and details.

 

Smokeless tobacco products resemble candy

The smoke had a dead giveaway.
A decade ago, tobacco, can hardly be concealed. The sight and smell of cigarettes or cigars have made it clear when someone is lighting.
But all this is changing, and the team Prevention Coalition leaders Lincoln, North Smithfield and Woonsocket are trying to spread the word.

With smoking banned in public in most areas, and generally frowned upon, is the realization leaders said that the tobacco industry had to think more creatively.
“Cigarette Use Down, but tobacco use is the way,” said Pamela Shayer, coordinator of the Lincoln and North Smithfield Prevention Coalition. “I think the kids know smoking is bad, but I do not think they know it’s bad. It is positioned as a replacement.”
Shayer was joined by Woonsocket Prevention Coalition Executive Director Lisa Carcifero, Woonsocket Prevention Coalition Grant Coordinator, Carol Fisk, and Rhode Island Tobacco Control Network Director Lisa Carnevale for a community meeting for new products.
It was March 27 at Landmark Medical Center in Woonsocket, and was attended by about 25 parents.

Managers explained that tobacco can now come in a variety of shapes, sizes, colors and flavors.
Ariva is available in Woonsocket, Carcifero said. It is a product that resembles a Tic Tac mint, but instead delivers 1.5 milligrams of nicotine per tablet. Products like snus mimic snuff by sitting in the user’s lip, but they come in dissolvable tea bag-like pouches, so no spitting is required.
Soluble band, similar to the Listerine mint strips of breath, sit on the user’s language for a few minutes to allow them to ingest 0.6 milligrams of nicotine.
Or is there nicotine water, where an 8-ounce glass can be equivalent to two cigarettes.
There is little cigarillos and cigars, which bypass the $ 3.46 tobacco tax state, the second largest in the country after New York, by weighing milligrams more than the cigarette, which is defined as less than 3 pounds per thousand.
A cigar for more than 3 pounds per thousand, so even though to look like cigarettes, little cigars and cigarillos can weigh a little more and avoid taxes.

“There’s tobacco products for all now,” Shayer said, explaining that while some products, such as tape or water, not to hit Rhode Island, however, they are on the market in other parts of the country.
Shayer explained that the failure of the tax also allows products to have a coupon or buy one, get one free shares, as well as any other non-tobacco products in stores.
Products make it easier for smokers to fix the world “no smoking” signs, but comfort is also provided to students in schools that may use tobacco products, perhaps without even knowing about it.

Shayer pointed to a picture of Tic Tac look at each other, and said that her kindergarten-age son, “of course, takes one of them,” if offered by a classmate.
“Many kids think it’s safer because there is no smoke,” Shayer said: “But there are carcinogens that can lead to oral cancer.”
Carcifero said treatment products such as candies and swallowing too much tobacco can lead to a medical emergency.
“It’s terrible – it falls into the hands of small children,” she said. “You lock the medication, but I do not think to lock up tobacco.

They can also sit on the shelf in front of the cashier at the store, even at eye level next to the candy and chewing gum. While children under the age of 18 still can not buy tobacco prevention coalition leaders say they are the target audience.
“Marketing is in full swing,” Shayer said, explaining that the tobacco companies are using Facebook, YouTube, and web banner ads, in addition to traditional advertising magazine, many times parodying the font or the appearance of familiar film.
Carnevale said the Rhode Island Tobacco Control Network, which unites 50 organizations around the state, working to prevent and stop in the state.
She said that the bill is pending in the Statehouse tax increase on cigarettes by 90 cents to the state tax, even New York.

“Part of containment began limiting access,” said the carnival. “If you can do cigarettes cost a lot of money, people will smoke.”
She said the organization supported the proposed four percent Governor Lincoln Chafee on the increase, but she said she would need to increase taxes by 60 cents to the impact on public health.
This extra money can go to the funded program of prevention, she said.

Carnevale explained that while the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that Rhode Island is $ 15.1 million in programs on tobacco control, the state only about $ 300,000, a 50-percent reduction last year.
Another bill under consideration that calls for an amount to be raised to $ 3.1 million, which would be a historical maximum in the state, and then $ 500,000 each year until the amount recommended by CDC is performed.
Carnevale said awareness is key to keeping kids from tobacco.

“It’s a completely different world,” she says about her education of tobacco growing. “There was smoke you could see, taste and smell. You’ve got a lot.”
Carcifero said that if children do not use tobacco products for 18 years, 90 percent never will.
For parents of new products are a priority, Shayer said, as many may not know to look out for products that look like candy.
“This is a continuing education, even for us,” said Shayer. “They are constantly releasing new products. We can only do so much.”

Carcifero said they encourage people to express concerns of local leaders and legislators.
“We empower people to make changes to help our children”, Carcifero said.
Shayer said that parents and children should be in constant communication with each other on these topics, as well as general health and wellness. Both should feel safe to ask questions, she said.
She said that while children may have to deal with peer pressure at school, parents were have a strong influence, so they should be a role model.
“Children have dreams at such a young age, but there are consequences for everything,” she said. “If you want to have a great life, of course, is not the way.”

FDA: tobacco companies must disclose levels of hazardous chemicals in products

Tobacco companies are required to report the level of hazardous substances contained in cigarettes, chew and other related products, marking the first time, industry will be required by law to specify the amount of hazardous substances contained in tobacco. Requirement associated with the new guidelines issued prior to the last Friday by the Food and Drug Administration United States.

The Agency has issued two draft guidance documents that implement the provisions of the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, which gave the FDA power to regulate the tobacco industry. Signature element of the law called for the inclusion of graphic warning labels on cigarette packages and advertisements, the demand of the tobacco industry challenged in court, arguing that violated free speech rights of tobacco companies.

Under the new guidelines, FDA, the tobacco industry will need to provide a precise amount of potentially harmful chemicals in tobacco products. The guidelines also provide guidance to companies seeking to market tobacco products, like the one that reduces the risk of tobacco-related diseases.

“We have found new territory to the tobacco companies to provide accurate information and not mislead American consumers,” said FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg in a statement. “We want to stop such actions, which may cause people to begin or continue to use tobacco products, which can lead to prevention of disease and death.”

Although there are over 7,000 chemicals in tobacco and its smoke, FDA created a list of 93 hazardous and potentially hazardous substances (HPHCs), that tobacco companies will be required to report for each regulated tobacco products sold in the United States released a draft of the guidelines by the FDA identifies 20 HPHCs on which the agency will focus law enforcement efforts during 2012.

Ammonia, formaldehyde and carbon monoxide is one of the components or by-products, which will be subject to new rules this year.
FDA intends to make the information on the number of HPHCs specific products available to the public in April 2013.
Although the 2009 law also gave the FDA the authority to set standards on the level of harmful ingredients in tobacco products, the agency does not use power.

An estimated 443,000 people in the U.S. die from smoking and passive smoking each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The agency reported tobacco use leads to enormous economic burden, resulting in more than $ 96 billion in medical costs and $ 97 billion in lost productivity every year.

Rules for solving the illegal trade in tobacco products

Drugs and tobacco products are as different as chalk and cheese.
But efforts to combat illicit trade in tobacco products can have serious consequences for drugs, too, the government health care in countries with emerging economies such as India and Brazil.
At the talks are currently in Geneva, the use of the word “fake” in the draft protocol of the World Health Organization to combat the illicit trade in tobacco products.

Fakes are a trade and the problem should be from the health-related laws, the representatives of India and Brazil retained.
The main problem with using the word “fake” in the fight against illicit trade in tobacco is a bad precedent. Interpretation is that the product is not what it seems and a lot of time will be spent to combat tobacco manufacturers to the trademark issue – when, in fact, the sale of tobacco products should be discouraged in any form, real or otherwise, the government official, familiar with the development told Business Line.

Negotiations in progress

“We hope that the” fake “the word is not used at all in the WHO FCTC (Framework Convention on Tobacco Control) protocol on illicit trade in tobacco products. Final session of negotiations is under way and should be completed by April 4.
“Brazil has led a life removed from the draft protocol, and supports a large number of Parties to the FCTC. When I write, the EU is considering its position on this issue,” Mr. Jonathan Lieberman, director of the McCabe and Australia on issues of law, and cancer, said his response, late on Saturday.

“The use of” fake “is extremely problematic in the context of tobacco – because the protection of IP (intellectual property) rights of the tobacco industry is not subject to WHO’s contract – and, besides, if it is used in this protocol, in the face of everything that happens in the WHO drugs in the past four years, it can then be claimed by those in the IP-side of perfectionism debate, it would set a precedent to be followed in the context of drugs, “he said.
Poor quality and not fake

The position of the Government of India on the drugs that are not genuine call it their “substandard, counterfeit, or false” is not “fake” – which is linked to abuse very name, trademark or logo, a government official said.
In addition, drugs that are not genuine and have different types: one whose composition can be a good and effective, but the product may be falsely labeled or the entire product may be defective, the official added.

“We in India have suffered,” the official said, referring to the removal of several Indian total exports of medicines in Europe for alleged trademark infringement.
It came to a boil with the government on this issue in the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organization.
The truce has since been called. But the Indian authorities of health, however, seeks to ensure that trade rules do not interfere with dispensing health – whether it be through the promotion of affordable medicine and discouraging tobacco products.