March 2012 - |

Monthly Archives: March 2012

CDC report states lag the state in raising taxes on cigarettes

In spite of the urgent need for revenue, and the fact that the doctor has found that millions of young Americans continue to smoke, in a report published today in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that several states have increased cigarette taxes in 2011. Increasing taxes on cigarettes have been proven to raise revenue even while reducing smoking, especially among children.

Only three states adopted a relatively small tax increase on cigarettes in 2011 – the smallest of the state to do so since 2000 – and New Hampshire even reduce the tax on cigarettes by 10 cents per pack. No state has adopted a tax increase on cigarettes as early as this year. For comparison, an average of more than 10 years of increased taxes on cigarettes between 2001 and 2010, and 15 countries (including the District of Columbia) did it in 2009.
This failure to increase taxes on cigarettes is part of a broader pullback in public efforts to reduce tobacco consumption, which undermines the fight against the country’s number one cause of preventable death. States also cut funding for tobacco control and cessation programs by 36 percent ($ 260.5 million) during the past four years and provide only 12 percent of the funding CDC recommends. Progress in the adoption of state tobacco laws, which include all workplaces, restaurants and bars, is also slowed.

If the people will continue to reduce tobacco consumption, the state must do more to increase tobacco taxes and implement other proven solutions. It is no coincidence that the country’s progress in reducing smoking has slowed down at the same time that states have reduced their efforts. This is a monumental mistake of the state to take a step back because tobacco still kills more than 400,000 Americans and costs the people of almost 100 billion dollars a year on health care bill. States pay a lot of these costs through Medicaid and other health programs.
The recent pullback also comes as the tobacco industry and its allies, particularly convenience stores, have stepped up their efforts to fight cigarette tax increases and other measures to prevent smoking. In California, tobacco companies have already spent nearly $ 15 million initiative against the June ballot that will boost the state cigarette tax by $ 1 to fund cancer research and programs to prevent tobacco use. In Idaho, Altria Group (parent company of Philip Morris USA) has spent more than $ 165,000 lobbying against the $ 1.25 cigarette tax increase. The company spent more money lobbying government officials in 2011 than any other interest group.

New Hampshire learned the hard way that the state pays a high price for this auction the tobacco industry. Political allies in the industry to reduce the state tax on cigarettes by 10 cents in 2011, arguing that lower cigarette prices lead to increased revenue by attracting smokers from neighboring states. But cigarette manufacturers raised prices for the same time, tax cuts, leaving prices unchanged. Although tobacco companies profit, government revenues declined.
Tobacco companies oppose the tax increase on cigarettes for the same reason; health advocates support it – because it is one of the most effective ways to reduce smoking, especially among children. Scientific evidence could not be clearer, which was confirmed in a report last doctor on tobacco released earlier this month. The doctor concluded, “Taxation of tobacco products is particularly effective in reducing their use among young people.”

Increased taxes on tobacco products is really a win-win win solution for the state – the health of the victory, which reduces the consumption of tobacco and save lives, a financial benefit that reduces tobacco-related health care costs and increase revenues to fund major programs, as well as political win that polls show , is popular with voters.
The report notes that tobacco use remains a “pediatric epidemic”, with more than 3.6 million middle and high school students are still smoking and the tobacco industry, the epidemic spreads, spending more than $ 10 billion a year – $ 1 million dollars every hour – marketing that attracts children.
Elected officials in each country face a simple question: whose side they are – Children of America or Big Tobacco? We encourage them to side with the children, supporting a cigarette tax increase and other proven measures to reduce tobacco consumption.

Will removing menthol from cigarettes to improve health?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are currently considering banning the use of menthol as an additive to cigarettes. Menthol cigarettes account for about 30 percent of cigarettes sold in the United States, and they are favored by African-American smokers is about three times the margin of white smokers. They also spoke of women smokers. One of the most important aspects of the charge by the FDA is whether the use of menthol cigarettes is more harmful than the use of menthol cigarettes are not.

Menthol has become the focus of epidemiologists, and tobacco, the researchers after seeing my colleagues and I in the 1988 letter to the American Journal of Public Health, that the mortality from esophageal cancer among non-white (primarily African-Americans) has grown remarkably in parallel with the increase in the proportion market and menthol that African-American smokers tend to favor menthol cigarettes. that time, we hypothesized that menthol deserves study as a possible factor contributing to significantly higher rates of smoking-related cancers among African Americans.
Since then, many studies have addressed this issue and could not manage to show that menthol has no effect in that smoking it. However, most studies of lung cancer, the most common smoking-related cancer and a few examined the association with esophageal cancer and cancer of the oral cavity and larynx.

Because our ecological observations from 24 years ago first drew attention to menthol, we decided to investigate the ecological changes in the rates of the four smoking-related cancers by race and gender, from 1973 to 2007 the prevalence of smoking menthol cigarettes. Cancers were those of lungs, throat, mouth and throat. Information about cancer came from the SEER Program of the National Cancer Institute, as well as information on the prevalence of the use of menthol cigarettes came from representative surveys of the U.S. population.

Ecological studies of this type have certain limitations: first of all, they use a set of data on exposure and disease groups, but not information on individuals. Second, the analysis of environmental, no one can control the confounding factors as possible in the epidemiological study of the analytical.
However, because there is such a strong preference for menthol contrast to race and gender, and because there are great differences in the rates of these cancers are also on the grounds of race and gender, we felt that this was a case where an ecological approach can be informative.
Our approach was also justified by the fact that African-American smokers actually have lower cumulative exposure to smoke than their white counterparts, as they smoked significantly less cigarettes per day on average and begin smoking later in life. In addition, alcohol use, other major risk factors for esophageal cancer, and is lower in African-Americans.

Despite significant differences in the rates of the four cancers by race and gender, as well as significant changes during the 35-year period there was little evidence of correlation between the prevalence of the use of menthol cigarettes and cancer. Thus, our study showed that smoking menthol cigarettes does not appear to affect the risk over and above the effect of smoking itself.
As stated in the document, the fact that we still can not explain why blacks have higher rates of esophageal cancer and other smoking-related cancer compared with whites.
For smokers, the fact is that smoking is smoking, and menthol is probably not important.

Altria and Anti-smokers seek to eliminate the Roll-Your-own stores

Todd Ridge stopped smoking last year, after taxes have pushed the price to $ 4.60 pack. Now he makes his own cigarettes in a store in Liberty tobacco Archdale, North Carolina, reducing the cost of his habit in half.

Over the past 4 1/2 years old, mom and pops have installed more than 1,900 roll your own cigarette machines in 42 states, according to the RYO machine, which makes them. Taking advantage of a loophole in federal tax law, some retailers are selling tobacco pipes marked varieties, which are taxed less, although it often gets in cigarettes.

Leggett Group says it is losing sales to roll your own upstarts. Manufacturer Discount Tobacco and Altria Group Inc (MO) (MO) are struggling with health advocates – after decades of controversy – press Congress and the Food and Drug Administration to align tax payments to the various forms of tobacco products and to ensure that the same rules of health, superimposed on the major manufacturers.

“Tobacco is tobacco is tobacco,” Leggett, chief executive officer Ron Bernstein said in an interview at company headquarters in Morrisville, North Carolina. “We all want to play locally.”
The United States in 2009 increased the tax on cigarette pack to $ 10.07 from $ 3.90 and raised taxes by an equivalent amount of roll your own cigarette tobacco, to $ 10.07 from 45 cents. Pipe tobacco manufacturers have won a smaller increase – to $ 1.15 from 45 cents – to convince Congress that the sharp increase in taxes would “demolish” them, said Craig Williamson, president of the Washington Council of pipe tobacco. Fiscal disparity has led small processors to start their improper labeling of products as tobacco, he said.

Strip Mall store
Tommy Bunn, president of the U.S. Flue Cured tobacco growers, Inc, the largest supplier of tobacco to deploy its own cigarette machine, did not return phone or e-mail yesterday. The Raleigh, North Carolina based of the cooperative farmers.
Freedom of tobacco tucked in a strip near the center of Los Angeles Nails and Spirit Ministries of the Triad is one of the retailers that have arisen in connection with the tax difference. At lunchtime one day last week, two smokers were standing in line while the 71-year-old Dennis Smith watched the slam cigarettes in a plastic container on the basis of size of the ATM machine. Filling Station RYO RYO machines are made in Girard, Ohio, is 200 cigarettes in eight minutes, including time required to pour free tobacco and insert the cartridge tubes with filters.
“They are better than any other brand,” Smith said. “You do not cough less. I think it’s because it is made from natural tobacco.”

Health Claims
Such statements are unproven health and to show why the FDA should regulate its own roll cigarettes, said Bernstein. Leggett, the fourth-largest U.S. tobacco company, said that nearly 2.7 million consumers smoke cigarettes made with the wrong pipe tobacco in the past year, three times more in 2009. About American adults smoked 45300000 in 2010, according to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Extending the roll of his own industry may adversely affect the sales of the biggest U.S. tobacco companies, which are experiencing falling demand. This decline has accelerated since 2009, when President Barack Obama’s push to smoking has led to an increase in taxes that tobacco companies are forced to raise prices.
While the demand for cigarettes has been steadily declining, tobacco stocks brushed off rising volatility during the financial crisis and debt crisis in Europe, because smokers do not want to roll a cigarette, when prices rise or the economy is struggling. As a result, the company can return money to investors. Altria reached a record $ 30.61 yesterday.

Tax revenues
U.S. has lost 1.3 billion dollars in tax revenues from the wrong pipe tobacco since 2009, according to Liggett, owned by Vector Group Ltd. of Miami (VGR) Supplies by Philip Morris Altria in the U.S. fell by 4 percent last year compared with 3 3 percent drop in 2008.
The U.S. government loses $ 9.36 in tax revenue for each roll their own cigarettes carton filled with pipe tobacco, according to Richmond, Va.-based Altria, which makes every second of cigarettes sold in America. Marlboro company is the best-selling U.S. cigarette.
Low prices encourage consumers who would otherwise quit smoking or reduce cigarette smoking to maintain, have no health warnings, said that the campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.

The U.S. Senate on the side of Big Tobacco two weeks ago, passing $ 109 billion highway appropriation bill an amendment that would classify tobacco stores with their own roller machines, tobacco manufacturers. This means that the cigarettes manufactured in a roll of their own cars will be taxed at the same rate as Matlboro online and Matlboro online.

Pipe Tobacco
While the amendment would help solve the issue of roll- your-own machines in stores, “smokers would still be able to buy the cheap, lower-tax pipe tobacco and roll their own cigarettes at home,” said Vince Wilmore, a spokesman for the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids in Washington. The group agrees with Leggett that loose tobacco and cigarettes should be taxed equally.
Announcement of retailers that manufacturers “would put us out of business,” said Josh Justice, 25, owner of Liberty tobacco in Archdale and second place in the nearby High Point. According to his assessment of machines in stores cranked out a cigarette 7000000 since opening nearly six years ago.

“This is yet another attempt to put a little man,” said Ridge, 46, as he returned to the tobacco free last week, a week’s worth for him and his wife, Angie. Ridge is paying about $ 9.95 for tobacco, $ 2.52 for 200 tubes and $ 9.19 to rent a car.
“The cost in half, and they are delicious,” said Ridge.

The tax on cigarettes Rev Refunding Bonds

Fitch Ratings has assigned the following ratings to the New Jersey Economic Development Authority cigarette tax refunding revenue bonds:
Approximately $ 1.1 billion in cigarette tax revenue refunding bonds, series 2012 “BBB +” (main ranking).

Series 2012 Bonds are issued to refinance all outstanding bonds of the body cigarette tax revenues and change the link documents to increase the share of government revenue from taxes on cigarettes are available for bonds while removing the function of the accelerated repayment of the bonds.
The rating outlook to stable.

Bonds of special and limited obligations of government debt on the state contract between the treasurer and the power exclusively from 100% of the proceeds of $ 0.65/pack state tax cigarettes are deposited in a special cigarette tax revenue fund held in the state treasury, subject to appropriation.

The main driving forces RATING
Revenues from taxes on cigarettes should be reduced: Cigarette tax collections, the only source of repayment of the bonds decreased slightly, and the degree of reduction of the future is uncertain. Cigarette sales affects repeated tax rate increases at the state and federal levels, as well as initiatives to reduce smoking. Future legislative and regulatory changes may adversely affect collections.

Higher levels of service coverage of debt: debt service coverage, and satisfactory improvement compared with the bonds shall be compensated as a percentage of revenues pledged to the bonds will be increased. In order to maintain a solid cover, even with the expected deterioration of pledged revenue source, the power of structured reduction in debt service profile.
Structure no longer includes the accelerated maturity: Fitch notes that, in accordance with the revised emissions do not need money for debt service and replenish the reserve fund will come from the state general fund and not used to pay off the bond. Reduction of final maturity and consolidation of debt service coverage provides an offset to the loss of function of the accelerated repayment of debt.

CLOSED emissions: emissions covered, and do not have permission to issue additional shares, protection from further use of the revenue.

Bonds are being offered to refinance all outstanding series 2004 bonds issued to finance the deficit, support appropriations for fiscal year 2005 state budget. As part of the refinancing in 2004 and the issue of state contract will be modified to increase the number of pledged revenues to be deposited into special fund cigarette tax revenues and allow the release of the money not needed for debt service and reserve fund, increasing the state general fund. Fitch views favorably the simplified structure and increase the income subject to coverage under the new structure, and further notes that the reduction of the final maturity of the bonds provides an offset to the loss of function of the accelerated repayment of debt.

On a monthly basis, dedicated cigarette tax revenue fund, special fund in the state treasury, subject to legislative appropriation, receive an amount equivalent to the cigarette tax revenues from the State $ 0.65 for the tax package. Before income taxes on cigarettes may come into the fund to $ 151 million per year authorized the selection of two states, health-related funds must be met. After meeting the requirements to the dedication of all state revenues collected in cigarette taxes are applied to the fund to bring it to a level that would have been if, before the transfer was not done. At that time, the allocation of the fund back to $ 0.65/pack.

The Legislature may amend or supplement the act of the tax on cigarettes or use of revenues from taxes on cigarettes. The State can not pledge or covenant that it will not take any action that may adversely affect the collection of cigarette tax revenues sufficient to finance the appropriation. The tax on cigarettes are collected mainly from licensed distributors who receive cigarettes directly from manufacturers in other states, and thus, depending on the sales of cigarettes. Unless otherwise provided by law, all cigarette packs must be eliminated prior to the transfer from the original buyer in New Jersey. This tax is not imposed on other tobacco products.

Emissions closed and do not have permission to issue additional shares. Accordingly, no additional bonds tests and does not cover the annual demand. A smaller percentage of revenue from taxes on cigarettes has been available in the 2004 bonds are currently returning, but the money was to be used for debt service. Thus, the acceleration of debt repayment, although the open market purchases of surplus funds in the trap structure was designed at the time of sale of bonds, series 2004, and such acceleration has not happened. It will not feature the series 2012 bonds. The provision to compensate for this change is the expected reduction in the specified final maturity of five years, as well as enhanced coverage of debt. A fully funded debt service reserve fund is invested in GICs with CDC funding for corporations and Societe Generale, with an annual interest income to service debt.

Reducing cigarette consumption was expected, while in 2004 the sale of bonds, although actual figures were worse than expected, partly because state and federal tax increases implemented after the sale. New Jersey increased its cigarette tax rate doubled from the sale of bonds, of $ 2.40 per pack to the current $ 2.70 per pack, while the federal government increased the tax rate from $ 0.39 to $ 1.01 per pack into force April 1, 2009. In addition, the government introduced a state indoor smoking ban, except for the floors of the casino in 2006. While in 2004 the sale of bonds, the tax on cigarettes in New Jersey was the highest in the country, and now the state ranks 6th nationally, with New York is now the first, although the rate of New Jersey is still significantly higher than neighboring Pennsylvania and Delaware.

Report a consultant at the time of sale projected decline in New Jersey taxable cigarette sales by 2.0% – 2.4% annually until 2034, although the actual sales, as in fiscal 2004 were down an average of 4.2%. State sales rose 4.3% in fiscal 2011, but it reflects a significant New York tax increase, which led to an increase in cross-border purchases. A revised analysis of the expected consumption of cigarettes has been completed IHS Global Insight, and the expected reduction in the currently pegged at just over 3% per year until the final maturity of the bonds being offered, which will occur in fiscal 2029. In February 2012, the financial indicators of sales in 2012 decreased by 0.8% over the same period last fiscal year. Fitch believes that, other things being equal, baseline cigarette consumption over time will be reduced annually by 3% to 5%.

Covers debt service increases with respect to the Bonds shall be compensated as a percentage of revenues pledged to the bonds will be increased, as noted earlier. Projected debt service coverage, suggesting that the decline in cigarette sales by about 3% per year, is expected to be not less than 1.5 times (x) over the life of the bonds. If revenues decline by 5% a year, coverage is projected to remain above 1.3 until the final maturity.

There are no bondholder’s remedies in case of non-appropriation. Fitch recognizes that the government provides extensive support for government programs and capital accounts for a significant amount of tax-supported debt.

Additional information is available at “ Higher ratings were solicited by or on behalf of the issuer and, therefore, Fitch was compensated for providing ratings.
In addition to information specified in the tax-supported criteria for Fitch, rating, this action was further reported information from IHS Global Insight.

Maryland tobacco leaves retailers fuming

Stephen Castro prefers to spend his days in his smoke-filled room, but not with the politicians in Annapolis, asking them not to raise taxes on the premium cigar that his stores feature.
Castro, owner of seven tobacco stores in Maryland, said that the legislative push for the strengthening of public revenues for higher taxes on tobacco products can operate stores, such as it is out of business.

Surrounding jurisdictions such as Pennsylvania and Washington, DC, is a tax premium cigar is less than the current 15 percent tax in Maryland.
Senate bill to raise the tax to 70 percent of smokeless tobacco, little cigars, chewing tobacco and tobacco free for cigarettes also includes a 20-percent tax on the premium cigars.
House version leaves a 15 percent tax on premium cigars, but to increase taxes on smokeless tobacco products to 55 percent.

Both bills increase the tax on cigarettes from $ 2 to $ 3 per pack.
Governor Martin O’Malley (D) was originally proposed 70 percent tax on premium cigars, which, if adopted, would force all state tobacco stores to close, Castro said.
The Joint Committee will meet to reconcile the various proposals.

Public health advocates who are lobbying to increase taxes on other tobacco products are not to seek a tax increase on premium cigars, said Vincent DeMarco of Maryland Health Care for all those who helped organize a press conference this week to call for raising the tax on other tobacco products.
The increase in taxes on other tobacco products will discourage young people from trying them, said Marco.

But premium cigars are already out of the price range of most young people, said Marco.
His organization has brought in a cancer survivor Gruen Von Behrens this week to meet with legislators. Behrens has lost much of his jaw, neck and tongue cancer, which he developed after the use of chewing tobacco before the age of 13 years. 25-year-old was about 30 operations, which left him disfigured.
But opponents of the tax increase say it’s just a way to increase revenue, and not to interfere with users.

“Maryland voters are tired of higher taxes disguised to hide cost overruns the government, and they are tired of what to do and how to behave,” said Bill Spann, Director General Trade Organization, the International Premium Cigar and Pipe Retailers Association of Columbus, Ga., who lobbied against the tax increase.
“We must speak out against higher taxes, more wasteful, and infantilization of American government and the people who think they know better,” said Spann.
Castro said he was less concerned about other tobacco products than it is about the potential impact of tobacco on 40 stores in the state.

His stores of tobacco, 90 percent of sales of premium cigars, which averaged about $ 4 each.
Other products such as smokeless tobacco snuff and cigars are mainly sold in small stores and gas stations, and they account for only 3 percent of sales in these stores.
“It’s not really going to hurt their business,” said Castro.

Tobacco products to install to get more expensive

Cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco may be more expensive in the city of Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) to initiate measures to hike octroi duties on these products up to 15% from the current 8%.

“PMC may charge more octroi on cigarettes, but the state must seek permission for the same. In Maharashtra, Nagpur civic body takes 15% octroi on tobacco products and the government gave them special permission. If the PMC wants to increase octroi, weshould follow the same procedure and seek a special permit from the state. corporators demand hike octroi is workable, “said the head of octroi Hemant Nikam, answering a discussion of the tax structure of the body at the General Meeting on Wednesday.

PMC earned a whopping Rs 19.52 crore in the octroi from the sale of cigarettes this year, compared to 17.84 lakh rupees a year earlier. This is when the city through the chest Research Foundation is concerned that raising the level of pollution pose a risk of falling into smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). If you enter 15% of PMC octroi from cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco, octroi revenue will grow by about 15 lakh rupees per year.

At the meeting, GB, all party corporators demanded that civil government is to increase octroi on cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco are subject to increase the number of smokers in the city.

MNS corporator Rajendra Babu alias Wagaskar said that the PMC should seek information from the Nagpur Municipal Corporation, as a heavy levy octroi charges on tobacco and forward a similar proposal to the government. “This will help to curb the growth in the number of smokers, and to help the civilian body to make more money. Instead of increasing the octroi on essential commodities like food grain, PMC should octroi hike on tobacco products,” said Wagaskar. Newly-elected women representatives supported Wagaskar and said that the civil administration should immediately hike octroi.

Leader of the House and NCP corporator Subhash Jagtap supported the demand, and said: “We unanimously approve campaign. But we must follow in order to seek state and nod. We will also increase octroi on imported liquor in the city.”

Sandeep Salvi, director of the city, based on chest Research Foundation, referring to that said that sales of cigarettes in the city is cause for concern, and all possible measures should be taken by the Government and local authority to restrict smoking. He added that smoking is major environmental risk factors for the development of COPD.Other factors, such as occupational exposures, air pollution and exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke contribute to conditions.

Air pollution, both indoors and outdoors, has been recognized over the past few decades, as a serious threat to the health and pulmonary significant contribution to COPD. Various studies over the past few years have put in the list of Pune’s most polluted cities in the country. However, PMC failed to develop a comprehensive policy for assessment of pollution and its impact on citizens.

Pankaj Chaturvedi, associate professor, head and neck of Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, said that the structure of taxation on tobacco products that are directly related to the health of citizens. “India is committed to the United Nations to reduce tobacco use and has signed an agreement with the World Health Organization, which guarantees up to 70% of taxes on tobacco products. Union Government has taken a slight increase in tobacco taxes in the budget,” he said, adding that efforts local authorities will undoubtedly help to curb smoking.

Tobacco farmers are smiling all the way to the bank

Harrison Mukucha (45) has worked his government-allocated A1 farm without tangible rewards since 2002. In desperation, last year he decided to give a last chance to grow tobacco – only to find his efforts rewarded with an unusually high awards in tobacco floors.

He was reluctant to put only two hectares under tobacco in the last season because he was disappointed by low prices, gold leaf brought in the past. He told how he Zimbabwe and other tobacco farmers smile all the way to the bank at this time:
“Tobacco has been taken discouragingly low prices for the sale of stories in the past, and nobody expected this year will be better. As a result, a significant number of farmers stopped growing the crop in the 2011-2012 growing season.

“I took a gamble and decided to grow crops on the basis of a wait. I was convinced that it will continue to sell to the rule, the lowest price. Last year he brought as low as $ 0.50 per kilogram, and in rare cases has reached $ 4 mark.
“It made a huge number of farmers to abandon the cultivation of tobacco and go back to corn. But the resulting lower supply of the crop at auction floors, tobacco brought unusually high prices ranging from $ 2 – $ 5 per kg.

“In spite of my birth, like most small farmers, was small, I got high returns for their efforts agriculture and managed to acquire the necessary equipment in agriculture. There was a spike in production equipment of the informal business people, as farmers put their priorities in the purchase order.

“Production and procurement of equipment, such as scotch carts, water pumps, bowers, irrigation pipes and electricity, among other essentials economy spirals. Most of the equipment will be sold in the immediate vicinity of the auction floors.
“Unlike the past, when farmers can afford only a few products from the little income they received from their year-round work in the tobacco fields, this time a huge capital equipment has found its way into the farms. This could be a turning point in our lives new farmers. ”

The visit to Zimbabwe, Mbare Musika informal business center area saw scotch cart manufacturers are busy at work. They admitted that they enjoyed a lively and lucrative business at the moment.
Welder plates and Scottish basket producer, Simon Murimi, said: “Scotchcart production has never been more rewarding. I am selling an average of six products per day. Business is very lively and well worth the effort. I’m not complaining.
“The unusually high demand for my products made me hire more assistants and slightly raise prices as farmers have been generous enough to make a purchase at any price asked. Scotchcart sells an average of $ 400.

“In most cases I arrange transportation at the lowest price in rural areas. This has increased my business, as farmers appreciated my after-sales service. My products have a one year warranty, and I support those services are divided over an agreed period,” he said with a broad smile Murimi .

Farmers use them for transportation around the farm, thereby reducing operating costs, since they are cattle-drawn and do not need fuel.
Officials of the marketing board of the tobacco industry, said after the unprecedented purchase agricultural machinery this year, agriculture is expected to improve in the future.
“Farmers have been wiser this time, as they prefer to acquire the means of production, in contrast to the past. We hope that the harvest will continue to fetch good prices in the future and make the plant useful.
When purchasing equipment capital, agricultural activities are likely to assume an upward trend. Communal farmers also used the opportunity to construct regular tobacco barns. Earlier they used to convert the kitchen into the room treatment of tobacco, “said the official board.

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Tobacco lobby continues to PHL cigarettes among the cheapest in Asia

The global movement to regulate and heavily tax the tobacco industry has made progress in many countries. But in the Philippines, cigarettes remained relatively cheap and easy to tax, largely due to the powerful lobby of tobacco, which are still blocked efforts to expand the so-called “tax sin.”

The World Health Organization recently said that an average of only $ 0.50 per pack of the most popular brands, Filipino cigarettes are among the cheapest in Asia. WHO recommends at least 70 percent excise tax on the retail price of cigarettes, which are currently only 22 per cent in the Philippines.
This objective should not be too difficult to maintain. However, due to a sharp division of opinion on its potential impact on the local tobacco agriculture and competition in the market of cigarettes, the proposed policy measures sparked noisy debate and disagreement.

Already embroiled in a fight is a range of politicians, business leaders, both local and foreign, public officials and current and retired, economists, academics and NGOs. Several issues, such as sin taxes, so called because they are imposed on tobacco and alcohol, highly profitable products that feed the vices and accused of various diseases in their consumers, can inspire such a passionate encounter.

In the center of this clash is a huge market for cigarettes, which is now dominated by one manufacturer, Philip Morris Fortune Tobacco Inc (PMFT), as well as the local tobacco industry, which is less than 150 000 people, mostly in the northern part of Luzon, independent life.
Improving the tax system, covering the industry will lead to an increase in the collection, thereby increasing the tax effort of the country, which for decades remained below Asian standards, and reform advocates say the measure.

They also say that this scheme will not only economic growth, it will also support government programs to care for the health and livelihood of tobacco farmers. Critics argue, on the other hand, while the reform may indeed be able to level playing field for cigarette manufacturers, this step can damage some industry players more than others, and feared, easing consumption can dislocate the cultivation of tobacco.

While President Benigno Aquino threw his support behind the bill, the political opposition is desperately trying to either block or weaken the measure, which was presented to the House of Representatives in early August of last year. Groups opposed the bill, as they say, there is also support from the dominant company of cigarettes.

Single tax

The government continues to insist on the adoption of House Bill 5727, also called a “Sin Tax Reform Initiative,” which provides a new, unitary system of excise tax on all tobacco products, replacing the current four-level structure of the excise tax.

This single tax rate should be adjusted in the future to keep pace with inflation to maintain its share of overall economic growth in the country. Various studies show that the Philippine tax rates on cigarettes are the lowest in Southeast Asia, the dismal state revenue from this source.
Because tax rates are low, producers may also be made available cigarettes, effectively encouraging smoking, which is now known that a common cause of death and disease.

Economists say that cigarette prices are “inelastic”, meaning that consumption tends to remain stable even with a sharp rise in prices. As a rule, higher prices will soften the demand for most consumer goods. Under the current system, the brand of cigarettes, which were introduced in 1996 and previously subdivided into specific tax level, regardless of changes in their prices. On the other hand, brands that have entered the market after 1996, subject to the individual tax rate based on their prevailing retail prices. According to analysts, this tax structure promotes PMFT industry leader, which was established in 2010, after Philip Morris acquired a fortune tobacco. PMFT still the market share of say about 97 percent.

The bill provides for a single tax on the P30 in the 20-stick pack that is sold for P10 and more, with brands at a price lower than the P10 per pack should hit the initial tax rate for P14 per pack during the first year of reform measures, rising to P22 in the packing in the second year, and P30 in the third year.

On the other hand, the reform measures intended to shift the taxation of alcoholic beverages with the existing system, which is based on the same kinds of resources that takes into account the levels of alcohol content, with different tax rates will be combined into a single rate for all products within three years.
If the proposed system is adopted, the specific tax on alcoholic beverages will continue to grow, in the case of products with less than 45 percent alcohol, with P42.00 per liter in the proof of the first year of P159.14 in proof liters for the fifth year, according to calculations made by political reform advocacy group Action for Economic Reforms (AER). For a fermented beverage, AER calculations also show the tax rate for all grades, regardless of price, will unite in the P25.00 per liter during the first year that increases each year to reach P28.14 per liter for the fifth year.

“All told, the total gross income to be generated from a sin tax reform will be more than P530 billion pesos for six years,” AER stated in the position paper in support of the bill.

The target beneficiaries

Congressman Joseph Emilio A. Abaya (Cavite, first district), principal author of House of Representatives version of the bill, said the measure is expected to generate in the first year of P60 billion in tax revenue.
Much of that projected revenue will be spent on health care, especially the poor, said Abaya.

In addition, during the first five years of implementation of this measure is projected to the Ministry of Finance, “around P225 billion additional revenues from the tax reform, the sin will be devoted to furniture alternative livelihoods for all affected farmers.”
Expressing support for the bill, Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. spoke of the sin tax, which is simple, and not a true multi-level rate and the inflation-adjusted. “The time has come when we have restructured our tobacco and alcohol excise taxes,” he said in a recent statement.

“The predominant number of tax classification of cigarettes and alcohol products and binding of sin taxes in 1996 price levels were confusing tax system and reduced the tax base, dampening efforts of the government revenue and, in fact depriving the public resources that could have been used to finance basic services” , Belmont said. Last week, a group headed by former top finance and health officials agreed with the measure, noting that the bill but seeks to “fix” the current excise tax structure, would be “to protect health, save lives and raise much-needed incomes for producers of tobacco and health care for all.”

The group, which released “The Manifesto of support for the” measure of tax reform, including the former Minister of Finance Margarito Teves, Ramon del Rosario, Jesus Estanislao, Ernest Leung, former health secretary Alberto Romualdez, Juan Flavier Jaime Galvez Tan, Esperanza Cabral, Juan Flavier and Alfredo Bengzon, a former Deputy Finance and Bernardo Romeo Milwida Guevara, and former National Treasurer Leonor Briones.

Manifesto coincided with the release of the international exhibition of tobacco in Manila, which was limited in the industry only private meetings and closed to the media and the public. The exhibition, according to its organizers, was aimed at providing “opportunities for the tobacco and cigarette manufacturers meet the suppliers of raw materials such as paper, filters, and process equipment.”

Reduced revenue yield

In a recent study, economists in the Manila office of the World Bank noted that the real return on revenue from excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol in the Philippines has fallen significantly in the 12 years prior to 2009. On the level of 1.2 percent in the Philippines, the total gross domestic product (GDP or value of all goods and services produced in the country) in 1997, the excise duty has been steadily declining by only 0.6 percent in 2009.

This decline, said the World Bank, “The Philippines Quarterly Update” in December 2011, was mainly due to lower tax rates, factors that were not updated regularly, as well as the use of 1996 prices to determine the tax rate for older products.
The report noted the “very disturbing” that a tax on tobacco excise tax rates, the lowest in Southeast Asia led to a consumer base for cigarettes in the Philippines, which is the largest among the countries of Southeast Asia and 15 in the world.

Low tax on tobacco is one of the reasons why the price of cigarettes in the Philippines, “among the cheapest among the low and middle income countries”, which led to the current situation where almost one-fifth of the Filipinos begin smoking before the age of 10, and the prevalence is increasing, according to in the report. The increase in excise taxes on cigarettes, the report says, is “to encourage poorer consumers in proportion to quit smoking than the rich.”

Opposition to Reform

Former finance and health officials, who last week publicly expressed support for the sin tax reforms also noted that the lobbying groups against the initiative received the support of the Lucio Tan Group, which controls the dominant PMFT cigarette manufacturer. They said that this same lobby group has been effectively served as “chief obstacle” for the tough reforms during the reign of former President Fidel Ramos and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

In the house, “dogfight” is considered the bill between the advocates and the tobacco provinces in northern Luzon. The bill is still indented in the House Ways and Means Committee, of which 96 are critics of the bill.
One of the oft-repeated warnings of resistance groups through tax reform is that a significant increase in cigarette prices, which should flow from the high tax rates will encourage smuggling, which they say could undermine tax revenue.

As the government proposes to mitigate smuggling remains to be seen. So far the response from supporters of the bill was in the form of a statement, pointing to recent moves to strengthen the capacity of the Bureau of Customs. Nevertheless, proponents of the bill led the experiences of other countries to increase total tax revenues, even with leakage through corruption and smuggling. Closer to home, smuggling remains a serious problem during the last administration, even after a large number of tariff reductions on imported goods, proponents say.

Tax reform advocates in Congress are now in a race against time. Legislature in connection with the rest starting next week, returning in May, and adjourn the session early next month.
Even if the house wills the bill in the coming weeks, it still needs to be discussed in the Senate. She bared plans to return to the Philippines, he took on the local market four years ago after a multi-level structure of the tax hit its sales of new investments worth 200 million dollars.

Marlboro vs launch of Crown cigarettes in the U.S.

Convenience store operator Alimentation Couche-Tard has launched a private label cigarette in the U.S. to offset the impact of low-margin producers forced him to Matlboro online. Quebec Company said it had trouble keeping his crown brand on store shelves since it was introduced about five weeks ago.

“We are very, very pleased with the market share we have done so far in such a short period,” CEO Alain Bouchard said Tuesday during a conference call. “This exceeded our target, after five weeks, so it’s very, very interesting.” The chain beat analysts’ forecasts in third quarter net profit rose nearly 25 percent of the U.S. $ 86.8 million. The company, which reports in U.S. dollars, said it earned 48 cents per share for the period ended January 29. This compared with 37 cents a year earlier, or 69.6 million U.S. dollars.

Couche-Tard shares hit a new high before closing at 31.91 Canadian dollars, up 49 cents, in trading Tuesday on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The increase in profit in the fourth quarter was due to the acquisition, higher sales and lower financing costs, partly offset by increased amortization expenses and acquisition costs. Couche-Tard (TSX: ATD.B) would earn an average of 46 cents per share on $ 6.1 billion revenue in the third quarter of this fiscal year, according to analysts’ estimates compiled by Thomson Reuters.

The same store sales increased 3.4 percent in the U.S. and 3.1 per cent in Canada. But sales in the U.S. rose by 6.7 percent, if other than tobacco products. Phillip Morris has a policy that forced to reduce retail margins in order to reduce consumer prices. It was not immediately clear how cigarette Couche-Tard brand crowns differ in price and profit from the popular brand name. “We have a shortage of stock in a couple of weeks after launch, so we are very happy,” Bouchard told analysts.

Bouchard said Couche-Tard took advantage of its focus on increasing traffic through the store promotions and latest offers better nutrition. Total revenues increased to $ 6.6 billion $ 5.5 billion a year earlier. “Looking at the results of recent quarters, I think we can say that we are on the right track taking into account the newly acquired stores, (and) the programs that we are currently testing and implementation.”

The same store motor fuel volume increased by 1.1 percent in the U.S., the total grew by 14 percent. Canadian fuel volume was 4.6 per cent, but at the same store decreased three percent. Motor fuel gross profit increased by 13 per cent to 14.84 cents a gallon (3.79 liters) in the U.S. Fields in Canada fell by 8.3 percent to 5.19 Canadian cents per liter. Bouchard said Couche-Tard continues to look at possible acquisitions in North America and Europe, though the prices asked in the U.S. are higher than it is willing to pay.

Canada’s largest chain store is the second largest in North America. Its network consists of more than 5,800 stores, of which 4225 included the issuance of motor fuel in 42 states, the District of Columbia and all Canadian provinces. The company employs more than 53,000 people in two countries. During the quarter, it signed a new agreement for a total 20 companies running shops. Since the beginning of the fiscal year, it acquired 227 companies running stores, 243 stores operate independent operators and 80 motor fuel agreements.Couche-Tard continues to fight efforts by the union of its stores. Earlier this month, he put the place in Saint-Liboire for sale after union workers received accreditation.

The company’s board of directors nominated by Nathalie Bourque, Vice President, Public Affairs and Global Communications at CAE Inc (TSX: CAE).

Vehicles carrying a huge amount of duty not paid cigarettes seized

General Directorate of Intelligence and Research Internal Revenue (IR) of the Federal Tax Administration (FBR) seized a large number of vehicles carrying huge amount of tax-free tobacco / cigarettes in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (CPC) is currently the national authorities in respect of drive manufacturers and vendors of counterfeit / tax-free contraband cigarettes and tobacco.

Sources told Business Recorder here on Thursday that the agency is also intercepting vehicles tobacco dealers and manufacturers involved in the design of cigarettes and tobacco products without charging / payment of federal excise tax.

The ongoing campaign against the manufacturers and suppliers of tax-free tobacco / cigarettes in the CCP has been completely stopped the supply of such facilities in shops and stores.
This is the biggest success of specialized intelligence Directorate General Intelligence IR capture such a large number of vehicles carrying duty free tobacco / cigarettes in the CCP.

A dedicated team of honest officers of the tax agency in the CCP has completely stopped supply chain without fee tobacco / cigarettes in the province.
A special team headed by an additional collector, known for his honesty, has created serious problems for the tax-free cigarette smugglers in the PDA, giving clear and loud message to the perpetrators, or ready to give up music.
This is a classic example of a performance drive in Pakistan, realizing that the faithful and honest tax officials can check the smuggling of goods in the CCP, if required.

Such an exercise will soon be launched in other areas after a successful drive of the CP.
Several morbidity / violation reports to the General Directorate of Intelligence IR clearly reflect that the level of compliance with the PDA the next disc of the agency fees are not against non-commercial tobacco / cigarettes in the CCP.
One of the reports of violation says that according to reliable information that some tobacco dealers and manufacturers involved in the design of cigarettes and tobacco products without charging / payment of federal excise duty livable thereon, a team consisting of the aforementioned officials and staff traveled to Supervision of the debt and took the vehicle registration bearing no GLT-5817 carrying 9474 kg.

They were asked to submit a FED account in accordance with the requirements in accordance with Article 82 of the Federal Excise Rules, 2005.
However, they could not imagine the same thing.
This shows prima view that the tobacco industry is not carried in violation of federal law excise in 2005 and the same is punishable under section 19 (3) (a), (b), (c) and 19 (11) Federal Excise Act in 2005.

In exercise of the powers under the Federal Excise Act 2005 the above products have been withdrawn with immediate effect.
Details of the other case it turned out that according to reliable information that some tobacco retailers and manufacturers involved in the design of cigarettes and tobacco products without charging / payment of Federal Excise Duty levlabie him, a team consisting of the aforementioned officers and employees went on supervision of debt and intercepted a car carrying 7646 kg net of non-tobacco industry.

Drivers were asked to provide FED account in accordance with the requirements in accordance with Article 82 of the Federal Excise Rules, 2005.
However, he could not imagine the same thing.
This shows prima view that the tobacco industry is not carried in violation of federal law excise in 2005 and the same is punishable under section 19 (3) (a), (b), (c) and 19 (11) Federal Excise Act 2005, and reimbursed in accordance with section 14 (1) of the Federal Excise Act 2005, along with default surcharge under section 8 of the Act in the same place (calculated at the time of payment).

In exercise of powers under the Federal Excise Act 2005, the above mentioned products have been withdrawn with immediate effect.
Anther case showed that, in accordance with reliable information that some tobacco dealers and manufacturers involved in the design of cigarettes and tobacco products without charging / payment of federal excise duty livable thereon, a team consisting of the aforementioned officers and employees went on supervision of debt and intercepted two cars carrying the registration number K-6514 carrying 300 boxes containing 150,000 packs of cigarettes and record the K-7298 carrying 300 boxes containing 1,50,000 packs of cigarettes.

They were asked to submit a FED accounts in accordance with the requirements of Article 18 of the Federal Excise Act 2005, two bills bearing Wed
No. 41 dated 07.03.2012 and the account no.
42 of 07.03.2012 were made that were considered.

Cross examination of the accounts of the account book is maintained at the plant through the manager, RTO, Peshawar located in the premises of the registered premises in accordance with section 45 of the Federal Excise Act, 2005, showed that the latter is due to the amount of the plant was Sr № 13/2012 dated 29/02/2012 So, both of these accounts shall be truck drivers, is completely different from the declared accounts of the book remains.

Excise InCharge registered person while explaining his position saying that the trucks were cleared from the premises of their “exclusive distributor” and that there is an invoice book from which invoices are issued.
He also confirmed that their “sole” is not registered, so it is billing bearing the name, registration number.
In connection with the foregoing, it was found that the device involved in the issuance of fraudulent bills for the supply of tax-free cigarettes through the maintenance of several books of accounts simultaneously.

The mere mention of the word “only” on the 2nd book of the account can not justify his position, but instead of feeding and the sales tax charged and collected by the second / fake account books can be recovered from the device in accordance with relevant provisions of the Federal Excise Act 2005 and the Sales Tax Act 1990.
In exercise of powers under the Federal Excise Act 2005, the above mentioned items, as well as transportation were removed with immediate effect.

This capture / violation report sent to Commissioner (IC), zone-II for the transfer order under section 14 read with section 46 (2A) of the Federal Excise Act 2005.
Directorate General of Intelligence and Research IR FBR also found this kind in many other cases reflects the remarkable performance of a special unit of exploration CPC, the sources added.

Protesters picket key tobacco show in the Philippines

Hundreds of anti-smoking advocates on Thursday picketed the large international exhibitions of tobacco in the Philippines, a country which has attracted more attention from the industries of Western countries accumulate on the restrictions and taxes.

A Pack of cigarettes costs about 50 cents here, and nearly one out of every three Filipinos, aged 15 and older smoke, according to a poll cited the World Health Organization. The Government supports legislation aimed at preventing smoking with a new tax, but it is also trying to increase foreign investment to combat extreme poverty and unemployment.

The organizers of tobacco exhibits, including the world’s largest, said city officials have refused to indoor smoking ban for delegates. Philippine President Benigno Aquino III sent a congratulatory message to the meeting hoping that will benefit the economy.

One of the leaders of the protest, Roberto del Rosario, said that the government did not allow the show to go on.
“This business is killing people,” said del Rosario, president of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance Philippines.
WHO has also criticized the gathering, which opened in Manila on Thursday, claiming that provides a platform for the industry to promote “a deadly product in the Philippines and throughout Asia.”

Media were not allowed to trade shows, organizers said the show was “strictly industry only private meetings.”
They said the Philippines were chosen as the venue for “after several months of in-depth study of the place … for a number of good reasons.” It provides opportunities for the tobacco and cigarette manufacturers to meet the suppliers of raw materials such as paper, filters, and process equipment.

Dr Shin Young-soo, director of WHO’s Western Pacific, said that the Philippines is a competition against the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which he signed. The Convention requires signatories to ban tobacco promotion, advertising and sponsorship.

Pack of cigarettes costs about $ 1 in Laos, Malaysia, $ 3, $ 6 to $ 9 Hong Kong and Singapore.
Two former finance and two former secretaries of Health issued a statement saying that young people and encouraged the poor to smoke and drink, because alcohol and cigarette prices in the Philippines so low.

Supporters of the proposed measure of taxes, which push on the health and finance departments, they say that will fix the current structure of taxes on tobacco, which stands for a company that controls more than 90 percent of the market, and in which there is no system for adjusting the speed of inflation. The bill still pending in Congress.

The dominant tobacco company, PMFTC Inc, owned by Philip Morris International Inc, which bought local tobacco corporations luck in 2010.
PMFTC president Chris Nelson said the proposed taxes are “unfounded.”
“Our message is: we’re here for work, we are here for the prospects of economic growth on alcohol and tobacco and, therefore, I think, obviously … You have to be reasonable and realistic (tax) increases,” he said.
Although the proposed tax increase, he said he was optimistic about the prospects of the industry in the Philippines, as more farmers to go back to tobacco.

Cigarettes and soap run in favor to smoking bear

A share flickering early this week, as the moonlight on the glass of the lake, as investors ponder their next move, which is now Act III from the Greek debacle of debt refers to the end without too much hysteria and slowing growth in China in the spotlight.
In sync with the pensive mood, a new set of leaders have risen to make a new year high for the first time in 2012, noting the change in affiliation. Gone are the manufacturers and producers of materials, which resulted in the first two months of the year, they were replaced by defensive issues, such as Procter & Gamble PG -0,07%, Colgate-Palmolive CL -0,24%, Philip Morris PM -0,43% and Costco COST 0.02%.

Although the success of soap and tobacco dealers will annoy purist’s growth stocks, they will do very well for the bulls. The service life of the market has expanded over the past four months, using a set of moving the amendment, and it is now time for the rest of the former reserves to shine.
Why do all the rolling stock, considering all the problems in the world? Look no further than Washington today when the Federal Reserve will meet to come up with new ways to shovel fresh minted money in the global financial system, trying to keep a straight face about his prudence.

Installing receptor fund managers’ endorphin a tingle latter was Wall Street Journal article last week suggested that the Fed considers “sterilize” version of quantitative easing this year, in which he will print money, promise handouts to the other end to prevent inflation.
This is just to close it as another trick, but it reflects the momentum around the world revelation.
Last week, Bank of India lowered the cash reserve ratio by 75 basis points, which is its equivalent monetary easing, the Brazilian central bank has lowered interest rates on short-term lending by 75 basis points, and there were about a dozen over the past month, including Thailand, Romania, Sweden, Vietnam and the Philippines. (A basis point is one hundredth of a percentage point.

While the Fed can not take any new steps in his own, expect at least a wink, which suggests that he has locked arms with other central banks to prevent the fiscal austerity of the destruction of the fragile global economic recovery.
Energy prices are largely responsible for the aversion of bankers. Gasoline futures rose six cents last week, setting a national pump price of a collision with a critical $ 4. This is the level at which economists consider increasing the chances that the economy will weaken as more money is pulled consumer checking accounts to pay for transport.

They do not have to worry about. The whole country is experiencing a much milder than usual winter, so much less money than is usually spent on heating homes. Overflow of gasoline is available, there are no problems.
Fortunately, central banks have also received help in their case from the base. U.S. non-farm payrolls report last week showed that the total spent in the first quarter are on track to rise to 3.1% in the quarter compared with the previous quarter on an annualized basis, which is the seventh most powerful in the past 14 years, according to ISI Group analysts.

ISI further notes that manufacturing hours worked rose in February, the month, compared with the previous month to an annualized rate of 7.8%, which is pretty amazing, and it looks as though it’s a real renaissance of the plant emerging before our eyes.
As a result, the data indicate that in 2012 the rally – which operates more like a well-paced relay race than a sprint grueling – has a shot at continuing to spring without suffering a serious blow to kind of investors who bet on the edge several times last year, until a major shock, such as the start of hostilities in the Middle East.
Investors often come to recognize that central banks are almost always win. And as long as banks are still on the side of reflection and higher prices of the asset, it makes no sense to oppose them. See you at Costco.

Idaho’s tax on cigarettes

House panel rejected a proposal to increase taxes on cigarettes to Idaho of $ 1.25 per pack, with branding efforts of the Republican enemies of health groups to raise the barriers to adolescent smoking no more than social engineering.
As a result, 57 percent of Idaho’s tax package will remain low surrounding states.

Revenue and Taxation Committee’s vote against holding a full public hearing was 11-5, easily defeating a bill supported by groups including the American Lung Association and American Cancer Society.
Although no public testimony was made during the hearings were a lot of lobbyists in the room, including the health groups that contribute to the Idaho tax and shop representatives who claim that the price hikes of cigarettes will hurt their business.
Republican Reps. Lenore Barrett of Challis, and Vito Barbieri, Dalton Gardens, argue that the persuasion of people to quit by raising the cost of a legal product is not acceptable.

“This is the most egregious case of social engineering I’ve ever seen,” said Barrett.” This is not the correct role of government to do social engineering through tax policy.”
Others, including Rep. Del Raybould, R-Rexburg, afraid of hiking taxes on cigarettes may put undue hardship on low-wage workers, who continue to smoke and less money for their children.
Rep. Dick Harwood, R-St. Marie, had no doubt that smoking is really bad that people’s health, citing as his own mother smoked for 82 years.

“The fact that you smoke, does not mean that you are going to hurt,” said Harwood.
In the package of tax in Washington is just over $ 3, Utah and Montana collected $ 1.70 surcharge, Oregon is $ 1.18 and tax of 80 cents Nevada. Wyoming 60 cents.
Virginia has the lowest taxes in the country, only 30 cents per pack. In New York, the highest at $ 4.35.

Heidi is low, the American Cancer Society Cancer Network, told lawmakers that the statistics show that about 12,400 young people of Idaho will never start smoking and more smokers to 9400 other leave if they had to pay an additional $ 1.25 per pack for the privilege.
“This has been demonstrated time and time again that higher cigarette prices reduce youth smoking,” Low told lawmakers.

But the fears of conservative lawmakers over new taxes can easily overcome the counter, which is less than a thousand young people will pick up the habit, even thousands of smokers quit smoking and Idaho would be $ 50 million in new revenue to help address Medicaid costs from tobacco-related diseases.
Tobacco use costs Idaho $ 319 million a year in health costs associated with the $ 83 million, which takes on a taxpayer-funded Medicaid, in accordance with the federal Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Tax revenue raised by the bill will be devoted to coverage of smoking-related health care costs.
“Call it a ‘social engineering’, if you want,” said Rep. Dennis Lake, R-Blackfoot, the sponsor of the bill.” I call it common sense.”

Along with the Democrats, however, the lake had joined only two other Republicans who supported the holding of public hearings: Reps. Ken Roberts of Donnelly, and Leon Smith, Twin Falls.
The debate on Monday, which lasted less than an hour, it was a long time.
The Democrats unsuccessfully last year to win such a meeting and spent a few days, forcing the Republicans to read the account in full, in protest against their requests are ignored.

Agencies war on illicit cigarettes

BAT Kenya said, government was able to reduce the number of smuggled cigarettes on the market is estimated to cost the legitimate players, and the government of billions of lost revenue and taxes, respectively.

“We believe that it has fallen by eight per cent compared to 10 percent due to the concerted efforts of governments to take action against some players,” BAT Kenya’s Chief Financial Officer Philippe Lopokoiyit told Business Daily.

BAT Kenya’s presentation of the illegal cigarette trade in the region of East Africa argues that the illegal trade in cigarettes is industry Sh1.57 billion through the sale of 512 million sticks.
At the regional level of illegal trade in cigarettes robbed of legitimate players in the industry Sh2.3 billion 887 million sticks are sold illegally.

Players however, say the Treasury has the ability to trade a heavy blow or hinder it through tax policy.
Mr. Lopokoiyit said the system would be simplified June tax calculations easier and to increase the level of compliance, in contrast to the previous system in which cigarettes are taxed according to the classes.

Under the tax rate proposed by the Ministry of Finance in June, cigarettes paid higher in the R1, 200 per 1,000 sticks of cigarettes or 35 percent of the retail price.
“Excise tax policy in effect since June, more aligned with the support of government revenues and stable position of the industry,” said the presentation of BAT Kenya.
If we return to a policy of tax depending on the class or to increase taxes by as much as 70 percent proposed by the World Health Organization, it can lead to smuggling and tax cuts.
BAT Kenya is the fourth largest taxpayer in Kenya Sh1.38 billion and paid taxes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011.

Vincent Kimosop, executive director of the think-tank the Institute for Legislative Affairs, said that a simplified tax structure is part of the solution of complex problems.
“It is beyond the scope of taxes in the judicial system and porous borders,” said Mr. Kimosop.
BAT Kenya’s exports in the seven countries that have different tax regimes, and the result, he said that if cigarettes are cheaper on one side of the border, smuggling goes up.

Meetings of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit trade in tobacco products are expected to take place in April, where the harmonization of tax and intergovernmental legal co-operation will be discussed.

Maryland Can high levels of tax to us on certain tobacco products

Senate Budget and Taxation Committee heard testimony Wednesday on the proposed tour tax on cigars and smokeless tobacco products, which can reach 95%, but frees premium cigars.
If passed, Maryland would have the highest rate of tax on non-premium cigars and tobacco in the U.S., according to the Cigar Association of America.
“While smoking among school children has decreased by almost 40% since 2000, cigar use has increased more than 11% over the same period,” said Sen. Jennie Forehand, D-Montgomery, author of the tax.

She said the tax increase on “other tobacco products” (OTPs) to restrain the growth of the cigar and tobacco use have recently been reported among adolescents in the state. Almost 9% of male high school in Maryland to chew tobacco.
Forehand cited a survey campaign for Tobacco Free kids who have signed a tax increase on cigars, chewing tobacco will reduce teen tobacco use by 30% in the state. It trumpeted the success of the three cigarette tax hikes over the past ten years for a substantial reduction in smoking and smoking-related deaths in Maryland.

“As a result, three cigarette tax increase over the past ten years, we have reduced smoking by 32%, twice the national average,” said Forehand. “It has kept more than 200,000 Marylanders become addicted to cigarettes – more than 70,000 who have died horrible deaths caused by tobacco.”

The proposal also provides for an additional $ 1 tax per pack of cigarettes, that would add “another $ 100 million into the state treasury,” Forehand said. Revenues from the tax on OTPs net nearly $ 250 million through fiscal 2017, according to note the financial proposal.
Under the new tax rates, tax will be 95% of the wholesale price of cigars and do not exceed $ 3 per cigar. The tax on tobacco will be 95% of the wholesale price or $ 3 for a tin container, whichever is greater. Free of tobacco, or roll your own, will be taxed at $ 3 per 0.65 oz. Another 6% retail sales tax and then strike at the top of these new taxes.

Income tax free tobacco brought a strong rebuke from Dan Doherty of the Cigar Association of America, who said that the OTP tax on tobacco will lose a pound run $ 74 to 6% retail sales tax, bringing the retail price for a kilogram of loose tobacco and $ 110.

Forehand proposed an amendment to her bill that would exempt premium cigars, because “children do not usually buy premium cigars.” It also raised objections from Doherty, who oppose any tax increase OTP.
“When you start talking about the differences between cigars, very difficult to classify premium compared to the machine and at a lower price [cigars],” says Doherty. “This bill creates all kinds of administrative problems and ambiguities that may be illegal or even unconstitutional.”

Forehand said revenue will go to expanding health care and increase funding for smoking cessation in Maryland. She noted that 300,000 Marylanders received health coverage in 2007 increased the tax of cigarettes.
Sen. David Brinkley, R-Carroll, said that statistics showing less smoking by raising taxes was questionable, because raising taxes will force smokers to buy across state lines, where the price of cigarettes below.

“Cigarette sales have gone down, but that does not mean that tobacco use has declined,” said Brinkley. “Where I live in western Maryland, the tax holiday is just a few miles away. From my house I saw three other states. Transboundary sales are phenomenal, and we’re losing revenue.”

No tax on one of the three cigarettes in Coventry

About one in three cigarettes in Coventry did not tax them, according to new research.
The city is the fourth largest city in the country ranking in the list of the worst cases of unpaid debt.
A survey conducted in tobacco products Philip Morris, found 30.3 percent of cigarettes in Coventry have been illegally sold.

According to the International Center for Tax and Investment, there are four main types of trafficking.
This trafficking – the illegal movement of tobacco products from one country to another without paying taxes, fraud – illegal production of cigarettes bearing the trademark without the consent of the owner, the local tax evasion – cigarettes produced for consumption, which are not declared to tax authorities and the illegal white – cigarettes produced legally in one country but are smuggled into other countries where there is no legal market for them.

Over the past year there have been several incidents in Coventry, the illicit trade in cigarettes.
In December, three people were arrested after customs officers found 15million illegal cigarettes during a raid in Coventry with a potential loss of the debt is estimated at 2.5 million pounds.

It was also found that trading standards officers in the city seized more than 500 000 cigarettes in the period from April to December, which should have made 182,707 pounds of taxes.
Across the UK, £ 3.1billion revenue lost as a result of the illicit trade in tobacco products, and the level of tax-free cigarettes has increased from 10.6 percent nationally in the second quarter of last year to 14 percent at the end of a year.

Will O’Reilly, a former detective chief inspector from Scotland Yard with the experience of more than 30 years in the CID, said:
“The same networks that have historically been considered in hard drugs, illegal firearms trafficking and terrorism, is currently funding and organization of illegal trade.
“For them it is a growing source of revenue with much less risk and penalties, if caught, compared to negligible.

“If you buy a cheap pack of cigarettes, that money will eventually support organized crime.
“Every cigarette is a means availability of drugs on our streets and gun crimes or terrorist acts.
“This is not questioning the fact that hazardous substances may be in them.”
Coventry was the fourth city after Crowley’s worst, with 31.5 percent, Lisburn, Northern Ireland, 43.3 percent and Newtownabbey, as well as in Northern Ireland, 68.4 per cent.

The EU is moving towards plain packaging for tobacco products

In tobacco-related diseases on the one major cause of preventable death in Europe, the EU should reconsider its directive of tobacco products in accordance with the needs of public health, a high level of discussion in the European Parliament did not hear.

The European Health Commissioner John Dalli said that the EU should concentrate on “young people and whether they understand the dangers of tobacco products that they buy.” Speaking at a discussion organized by the Smoke Free Partnership on Wednesday, Dalli said that the real the cost of smoking must be understood; urging Member States to adopt a long-term view, adding that he had received a warning from the Minister of National tells him to stay away from tobacco control.

“Tobacco products should be presented in such a way as not to encourage or facilitate the uptake of smoking among young people, the key issue is to reduce the attractiveness of cigarettes,” he said.
Maltese Commissioner said that “cigarettes, food additives and flavorings” are increasingly being used as marketing tools, with flavors that make it “easier to smoke at a younger age.” Dalli also said that he is exploring how to incorporate electronic cigarettes, which he sees as bad as conventional cigarettes, tobacco products directive.

The event, which has been standardized packages of tobacco products, was one of the organizers of the German EPP deputy Karl Heinz-Florence and the UK S & D Vice Glenis Willmott.
Heinz-Florenz said that the environment committee of the parliament adopted an “important step” to the regulation on the graphic warnings and standardized packaging, stating that the Commission will table a new report on this shortly.

German MEP has promised to start work on this issue “immediately”, but stressed that “the impact assessment is not yet ready,” and that there is a need for “major figures”.
Australian Ambassador to the EU, Brendan Nelson said that the message that “there is no safe level of consumption of tobacco products” should be extended; adding that even being in close proximity to those who use drugs can damage your health.
Nelson said that the European Parliament and national parliaments should be a “constant reminder” of the dangers and costs of these products.

Australia is a world leader in tobacco control, has successfully doubled the number of his teenage smokers, and October 10, 2011, vote, even though the legislation governing the need for large graphic warnings and general packaging. International expert on warning labels, David Hammond said that the package is the “cornerstone” of tobacco marketing.
Hammond said that “the plain packaging would reduce the perceived quality of different brands,” and excludes the tobacco companies’ targeting sub-groups “, such as young women in targeted marketing campaigns.

“Package policies are cost-effective, sustainable, and their effects are,” he said.
Celine Brassart, legal consultant and a member of the Bar in New York, said that simply wrap the legislation will be compatible with EU legislation on international trade and intellectual property rights.
Despite the tobacco companies owning the trademarks of their, “it is a privilege not a right,” said Brassart, adding that trademarks can be adjusted for “health reasons”.

Tobacco companies are currently suing the Australian Government on tobacco legislation, but Brassart said that the industry does not need to convince Member States to start proceedings against the EU on their behalf in accordance with WTO agreements.
As for the smuggling of cigarettes, Luk Joosens, an expert of the Association of European Cancer Leagues, dismissed the claims management industry more than equal to more illegal trade.

Joosens have the ban in Canada, Ireland and Iceland, which did not lead to an increase in illegal trade, adding that he felt that plain packaging could help in the fight against smuggling, as clearly recognizable brands is easier to forge.
S & D deputy and co-host Glenis Willmott criticized by the tobacco industry for spreading “myths” about a simple package, before calling for warnings, which cover 100 percent of the package, as they are “much more effective.”

Willmott also said that tobacco products to the EU directive should be placed under the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on tobacco control.
Florence Berteletti-Kemp, director of the Smoke Free Partnership said: “Plain packaging may have a legal and easy to apply in practice. It will not cost any money to the government and work in the field of public health. There is no excuse not to do.”

Cigarettes warnings Unconstitutional

The federal regulations require tobacco companies to display graphic anti-smoking on cigarette packs, is unconstitutional, the district judge in Washington, DC, held on February 29.

“For corporations as for individuals, the choice to speak includes a choice of what to say,” Judge Richard J. Leon, District Judge for the District of Columbia, wrote a memorandum to the court. “The government can engage in advocacy, using his own voice … [but] can not force others, such as plaintiffs, as his horn did not want to.”

Five tobacco companies – R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Lorillard, Commonwealth Brands, Liggett Group, and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company – filed a lawsuit against the rules, in August 2011.
Food and Drug Administration has presented nine graphic labels in June 2011, after the proposed label and its associated regulations were available during the public discussion. In addition to the contrast of light and other graphic images, including human breathing through an oxygen mask, bare-chested man dead, woman crying uncontrollably, the patient’s mouth, which seems to cancerous lesions, as well as cartoon premature baby in an incubator.

In accordance with the Regulations, cigarette manufacturers would have to show one of the nine text warnings on all cigarette packs distributed. Warnings include: “Smoking can kill you” and “Cigarettes are addictive.”
While the court recognized the right of government to require disclosure of certain clarity, Judge Leon ruled that “purely factual and indisputable information may continue to violate the First Amendment if they are unreasonable and overly burdensome.”
The reaction to the judge’s ruling led to a sharp reaction from the traditional opponents of tobacco.

The ruling ignores science and puts children at risk, according to a statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
“Dangerous ruling Leon frankly ignores the substantial scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of more graphic warning labels in communicating about the health risks of tobacco consumption”, AAP said in a statement. “If you leave, this decision would make it impossible to implement any effective warning labels, and therefore harmful to the health and welfare of millions of children.”

The Obama administration has pledged to continue the chase for the warning.
“This administration intends to do everything we can to warn young people about the dangers of smoking, which remains the leading preventable cause of death in America,” Health and Human Services Department said in a statement. “This public health initiative will be an effective tool in our efforts to stop young people from the beginning in the first place and, taking this deadly habit. We believe that efforts to stop these warnings are important in the future will ultimately fail. ”

Congressman Henry Waxman (Calif.) also criticized the decision.
“These provisions have been informed by scientific evidence shows that the current warning labels have run their course, and labels with graphic warnings would be more effective in protecting public health from the addictive and toxic properties of tobacco,” Congressman

Waxman said in a statement. “Congress was not, in fact, carefully considered the First Amendment issues involved, and carefully considering legislation to ensure that FDA can act as proposed with the graphic warning labels on tobacco products.”
Congressman Waxman said he expects the ruling to be appealed and affirmed its constitutionality.

Smoke shops take tax

Some legislators are puffing and panting on the bill, currently matriculating through the legislature that would regulate and enforce the tax on rolls your own retailers of cigarettes.
Rep. Ross Hunter (D – 48th District Bellevue) proposed second substitute House Bill 2565, which was recommended from the Ways and Means Committee on 27 February, 19.08 votes.

Measures that came out of committee require the deployment of its own retail sales of cigarettes in order to become certified, and certification pay an annual fee of $ 100. Retailers also need to buy stamps for the collection of taxes on tobacco products. The stamps will be affixed to containers roll their own cigarettes and the bill requires the customer to carry out their cigarettes in these containers.

Replace the bill also provides that retailers may only sell tobacco products that meet the requirements of certification in accordance with the agreement of the master agreement between the state and tobacco companies, as well as roll your own car should be equipped with meters to count the number of cigarettes produced.
The General Agreement settlement was established in 1998. Tobacco companies in the U.S. reached an agreement with 46 states, including Washington, where the state to abandon its claims that the company violated consumer protection and antitrust laws. In turn, the tobacco companies will pay the state to reimburse the taxpayers’ money used to care for patients with smoking-related disease.

Washington State received $ 4.5 billion spread over 25 years as compensation for the money.
The agreement also established new restrictions on big tobacco, including bans on advertising of minors, as well as advertising and marketing restrictions. It also helps to fund tobacco control education.

Customers using a roll of their own cars usually buy tobacco from retailers. The tax rate on tobacco products in Washington, DC Currently, 95 percent of the taxable sales price and the tax rate on the carton of cigarettes cost $ 30.25, nearly a third of the total cost. The box includes 200 cigarettes. Customers who choose to hide their cigarettes to pay almost half their tobacco than those who buy cigarettes.

The legislation will ultimately require the deployment of its own customers to pay more.
Representative Bill Hinkle (R – 13th District, Cle Elum) is a staunch opponent of the measure. “I want to kill the bill,” said Hinkle. “This is bad law.”

Hinkle believes that Democrats are trying to make money and as a result cause the roll your own cigarettes stores out of business.
“This is a example of the Olympia collection of winners and losers,” said Hinkle.
Officials in Washington State Department of Health believe that the bill addresses the issue of public health.

“One of the ways you can prevent smoking is to charge higher taxes on cigarettes,” said Tim Church, communications director of the Department of Health. The Church believes that the roll your own cigarettes should be taxed as well.
“Overall, our feelings cigarette cigarette cigarettes,” he said. “All that you call it, it will kill you.”

Officials in the office of the Attorney General had problems with the mechanics of the original bill. According to Robert Fallis, Assistant Attorney General, the original action failed to meet the requirements of the master settlement agreement will be executed. However, to replace Bill Hunter is more in accordance with the contract.

Officials in the office of the Attorney General does not have an opinion about the roll of their own cars must exist, but they are concerned about how a legislative solution to combat the problem, said Fallis.
According to Hunter, the replacement of the bill has the same effect as the original account, but also eliminates potential problems with the original bill would have created the tobacco settlement.

Roll-your own tobacco will pay is equivalent to a regular cigarette buyers pay, says Hunter.
Hunter believes that to make myself smoke shops are created to avoid taxes on cigarettes and those lawmakers should not make the argument that they need to stay in business.

“I understand that it does not sound like sympathy and pity,” said Hunter. “I think everyone should pay the same taxes on cigarettes.”
The legislation would add about $ 13 million in revenue per year, he said.
Manager Steve Castle cheap smokes in Seattle and serves about 500 customers who roll their own cigarettes.
Patrons come to the store to buy cigarettes an empty pipe, tobacco, and are free to rent a car. They end up paying about $ 40 visit, noted Castle.

Castle, in contrast to the legislation. “It frustrates me completely,” he said. “They put me out of business.”
He believes that if the bill passes, it will close all the DIY shops in Washington smoking.
The castle was the challenge and sends it to legislators, as well as collecting signatures for a petition to block the measure. His shop employs two workers.

Castle believes that the proponents of the bill to help the big tobacco companies, while small shuttering of private enterprise.
The measure must pass through both houses of the Legislature on March 8, the governor must sign it before it becomes law.

West Virginia legislature approves tax on cigarettes

Increasingly, smokers are taking control over the cost of their habit of rolling a cigarette.
Of course, the costs of smoking tobacco taxes, which tend to be higher than normal sales tax. The state tax on a pack of cigarettes in West Virginia is 55 cents.

West Virginia Senate passed a bill Monday to apply the 55 percent tax “roll your own” cigarettes rolled in retail stores. Currently, smokers are paying the 7 percent tax on the wholesale cost of loose tobacco, which is less in taxes on cigarettes.

The tax authority estimates the changes will generate about $ 500,000 to $ 750,000 in revenue per year. Individually rolled cigarettes account for about two percent of the sale of tobacco products in West Virginia.

However, the locally most smokers buy cigarettes and tobacco products on the side of the Kentucky River Tug, whether to reduce their supply of cigarettes or cartons and packs of cigarettes.

“At least 50 percent of our business to roll your own supply”, Brnda Whisement, manager of Fast Lane Tobacco Appalachian Plaza, he said. “It’s not just cost savings. People say that it is more natural tobacco with no additives.”

In Kentucky, the tax rate on packs of 20 cigarettes is 60 cents. Other tobacco products, which includes the roll your own tobacco is taxed at 15 per cent of the gross revenue.
Tax on items such as paper tubes used to roll a cigarette rolling machines and regular sales tax of 6 percent.

Whisment said tobacco prices start at $ 9.99 per bag of $ 14.99 to $ 33 per one pound bag. Paper tubes are $ 2.49 per box of 200. These supplies will make about three cartons of cigarettes or 600.
At one time, the cost of cigarettes camp ranges from $ 30 to $ 44.99.
The cost of carton of cigarettes ranges from $ 30 to $ 45 plus taxes. That is, ten packs of 20, or 200 cigarettes.

“It costs less than half,” Mingo County smoker and resident Jennifer Estepp, he said.
Estepp rolled his cigarettes when tobacco companies began to put additives in tobacco that keeps the cigarette from burning when he did not smoke as a measure of protection against fire. But the economy is its primary concern.

“I can control the quality of tobacco”, Estepp said. “Even taking into account the amount of time I spend them rolling, I roll cigarettes so expensive though, I do not think I ever go back to the pre-defined one.”